Sahni, A. 1984. Cretaceous-Paleocene terrestrial faunas of India: lack of endemism during drifting of the Indian Plate. Science. Vol. 226: 441-443

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Myliobatidae; Pycnodontidae;

Genera/Species: Amia; Arius; Belonostomus; Dasyatis; Enchodus; Eotrigonodon; Epinephelus; Igdabatis; Indotrigonodon; Kuhlia; Lepidotes; Lepisosteus; Pharaeodus; Phyllodus; Pycnodus; Rhinoptera; Rhombodus; Stephanodus;

Formation: Deccan traps; Takli Fm.;

COUNTRY: Africa; India; Madagascar; Niger;

 

 

Sahni, A.; Rana, R. S.; Prasad, G. V. R. 1984. SEM studies of thin egg shell fragments from the Intertrappeans (Cretaceous-Tertiary transition) of Nagpur and Asifabad, Peninsular India. Journal of the Paleontological Society of India. Vol. 29: 26-33

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Genera/Species: Arius; Belonostomus; Dasyatis; Enchodus; Epinephelus; Gobius; Kuhlia; Lepidotes; Lepisosteus; Phareodus; Phyllodus; Pycnodus; Sphyraena; Stephanodus;

Formation: Takli Fm.;

COUNTRY: India

 

 

Saito, K. 1936. Mesozoic Leptolepid fishes from Jehol and Chientao, Manchuria. Report of the first scientific expedition to Manchoukuo. Vol. Section 11, Part 3: 1-23, Plates I-V

MFNA-JL, MFNA-CE,

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Leptolepidae;

Genera/Species: Lycoptera davidi (Sauvage); Lycoptera tokunagai Saito, 1936, p. 2; Manchurichthys uwatokoi Saito, 1936, p. 2; Lycoptera macrorhyncha D'Eichwald, 1846; Lycoptera middendorfii MŸller, 1864; Lycoptera davidi (Sauvage, 1880); Lycoptera sinensis Woodward, 1901; Lycoptera ferox Grabau, 1923; Lycoptera chosenensis Makiyama, 1927; Lycoptera joholensis Grabau, 1928; Lycoptera fragilis Hussakov, 1932; Lycoptera tokunagai Saito, 1936; Leptolepis; Aethalion;

COUNTRY: China; Korea; Transbaikal; Gobi; Jehol; Shantung;

 

 

Sander, P. M.; Rieppel, O. C.; Bucher, H. 1994. New marine vertebrate fauna from the Middle Triassic of Nevada. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 68(3): 676-680

MFNA-TL-WI

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Middle-Anisian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Saurichthyidae Goodrich, 1909, Actinopterygii Cope, 1887

Genera/Species: Saurichthys sp., Actinopterygii indet.

Formation: Favret Fm.

COUNTRY: USA: Nevada

 

 

Sanders, M. 1934. Die fossilen Fische der alttertiŠren SŸsswasserablagerungen aus Mittel-Sumatra. Verhandelingen van het Geologisch-Mijnbouwkundig Genootschap voor Nederland en Koloni‘n. Geologische Series. Vol. 11: 1-144

MFNA, MFNA-C, MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Mesozoic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteoglossidae; Schilbeidae; Clupeidae; Phareodontidae; Dipnoi;

Genera/Species: Amblypharyngodon; Epiceratodus; Eurychir Jordan; Eurychir lindleyi Jordan; Dalbergia Junghuhniana; Musperia radiata (Heer); Papilionaceen; Pangasius indicus; Phareodus; Pseudeutropius; Rasbora antiqua; Thynnichthys amblyostoma; Thynnichthys polylepis; Thynnichthys sandkhol; Thynnichthys thynnoides; Thynnichthys vaillanti;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

COUNTRY: Cambodia; Sumatra; North America;

 

 

Sanmartin, I.; Ronquist, F. 2004. Southern hemisphere biogeography inferred by event-based models: plant versus animal patterns. Systematic Biology. Vol. 53(2): 216-243

MFNA-JL; MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Aplocheiloidei; Cyprinodontiformes; Characiformes; Cichlidae; Perciformes; Osmeriformes;

COUNTRY: South America; Africa; Australia; New Guinea; India; Madagascar; New Zealand;

 

 

Santini, F.; Tyler, J. C. 2003. A phylogeny of the families of fossil and extant tetraodontiform fishes (Acanthomorpha, Tetraodontiformes), Upper Cretaceous to Recent. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol. 139: 565-617

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acanthomorpha; Tetraodontiformes;

Genera/Species:  Cretatriacanthus guidotti Tyler & Sorbini;  Plectocretacicus clarae Sorbini;  Protriacanthus gortanii D'Erasmo;

COUNTRY: Nard˜, Italy; Comen, Slovenia; Hakel, Lebanon;

 

 

Santini, F.; Tyler, J. C. 2004. The importance of even highly incomplete fossil taxa in reconstructing the phylogenetic relationships of the Tetraodontiformes (Acanthomorpha: Pisces). Integr. Comp. Biol. . Vol. 44: 349-357

MFNA-C;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Plectocretacicoidea; Tetraodontiformes;

Genera/Species:  Cretatriacanthodes guidotii;  Plectocretacicus clarae;

 

 

Santos, Rubens Da Silva 1988. Laeliichthys ancestralis, novo gnero e espŽcie de Osteoglossiformes do Aptiano da Formaao Areado, estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. MME-DNPM, Geologia 27, Paleontologia e estratigrafia. Vol. 2:161-167

MFNA-CE;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Arapaimidae Bleeker, 1859; Ichthyodectiformes; Laeliichthyinae Santos, 1988; Osteoglossiformes Greenwood et ali, 1966; Osteoglossoidei Greenwood et ali, 1966; Osteoglossomorpha Romer, 1966; Teleostei Romer, 1966;

Genera/Species: Laeliichthys Santos, 1988, p. 162; Laeliichthys ancestralis Santos, 1988, p. 162;

Formation: Areado Fm.;

COUNTRY: Brazil;

 

 

Sanz, J. L.; Dieguez, C.; Fregenal-Martinez, M. A.; Martinez-Delclos, X.; Melendez, N.; Poyato-Ariza, F. J. 1990. El yacimiento de fossiles del Cretacico inferior de Las Hoyas, Privincia de Cuenca (Espa–a). Com. Reuni—n de Tafonim’a y Fosilizaci—n: 337-355 pp.

MFNA-CE;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Amiidae; Amiiformes; Caturidae; Chanidae; Chanoidei; Coelacanthidae; Coelacanthiformes; Crossopterygii; Gonorhynchiformes; Halecomorphi; Halecostomi; Leptolepidae; Leptolepiformes; Macrosemiidae; Neopterygii; Ostariophysi; Osteichthyes; Pholidophoriformes; Pleuropholidae; Pycnodontidae; Pycnodontiformes; Sarcopterygii; Semionotidae; Semionotiformes; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Ascalobos Munster; Amiopsis Kner; Caturus Agassiz; Coelodus Heckel; Holophagus Egerton; Lepidotes Agassiz; Leptolepis Agassiz; Megalurus Agassiz; Notagogus Agassiz; Pleuropholis Egerton; Rubiesichthys Wenz; Undina Munster; Urocles Jordan; Vidalamia White & Moy-Thomas; Vidaliai Sauvage;

Formation: Las Hoyas Fm.;

COUNTRY: Spain;

 

 

Sanz, J. L.; Wenz, S.; Yebenes, A.; Estes, R.; Martinez-Delclos, X.; Jimenez-Fuentes, E.; Dieguez, C.; Buscalioni, A. D.; Barbadillo, L. J.; Via, L. 1988. An Early Cretaceous Faunal and Floral Continental Assemblage: Las Hoyas Fossil Site (Cuenca, Spain). Geobios. Vol. 21(5): 611-635

MFNA-CE

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early;

Genera/Species: Semionotus Agassiz, 1832;

Formation: Las Hoyas

COUNTRY: Spain

 

 

Sato, T.; Tokaryk, T. T. l999. Preliminary report of a polycotylid plesiosaur from the Upper Cretaceous Bearpaw formation of southwestern Saskatchewan. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 19(Supplement to No. 3): 73A

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Formation: Bearpaw formation

COUNTRY: Canada: Saskatchewan

 

 

Savrda, C. E. 1998. Ichnology of the Dridge Creek Limestone: evidence for temporal and spatial variations in Paleo-oxygenation in the Western Interior Seaway. Stratigraphy and Paleoenvironments of the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway, USA, SEPM Concepts in Sedimentology and Paleontology No. 6. Vol. 6: 127-136

MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Formation:

COUNTRY: USA: Western Interior Seaway;

 

 

Schackleton, M. J.; Moore, T. C., Jr.,; Rabinowitz, P. D.; Boersma, A.; Borella, P. E.; Chave, A. D.; DuŽe, G.; FŸtterer, D.; Jiang, M.-J.; Kleinert, K.; Lever, A.; Manivit, H.; O'Connell, S.; Richardson, S. H. 1984. 17. Accumulation rates in Leg 74 sediments. Deep Sea Drilling Proj. Initial Rep. Vol. 74: 621-644

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fish teeth;

COUNTRY: South Atlantic Ocean

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1941. A revision of Coelacanthus newarki and notes on the evolution of the girdles and basal plates of the median fins in the Coelacanthini. American Museum Novitates. No. 1110: 1-17, 11 figs.

MFNA-T

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Coelacanthini

Genera/Species: Coelacanthus newarki

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1948. A study of Diplurus longicaudatus with notes on the body form and locomotion of the Coelacanthini. American Museum Novitates. No. 1378: 1-32, 5 figs.

MFNA-T

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Coelacanthini

Genera/Species: Diplurus longicaudatus

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1949. A teleost from the Livingston formation of Montana. American Museum Novitates. No. 1427: 1-16, 2 figs.

MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Formation: Livingston Formation

COUNTRY: USA: Montana

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1952. The palaeoniscoid fish Turseodus from the Upper Triassic Newark group. American Museum Novitates. No. 1581: 1-24, 8 figs.

MFNA-TL-NS

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late; Jurassic;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: paleoniscoids; coelacanthids; Palaeoniscidae; Rhadinichthyidae; Elonichthyidae; Acrolepidae; Elonichthyidae;

Genera/Species: Acrorhabdus; Amblypterus ornatus; Amblypterus carolinae; Australosomus; Belonostomus; Birgeria; Boreosomus; Cosmolepis; Cosmolepis irbatys; Elonichthys caudalis; Elonichthys elegans; Elonichthys serratus; Eugnathus; Glaucolepis; Glaucolepis cicatrosus; Gyrolepis; Hyllingea; Lepidopterus; Oxygnathus; Palaeoniscus; Palaeoniscus freieslebeni; Ptycholepis; Pygopterus mandibularis; Pygopterus humboldti; Rhadinichthys fusiformis; Turseodus acutus Leidy, 1857; Turseodus leptops;

Formation: Newark Group; Lockatong Fm.;

COUNTRY: USA: Pennsylvanian; North Carolina; Denmark: Greenland;

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1952. The Triassic coelacanth fish Diplurus, with observations on the evolution of the coelacanthini. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 99: 31-78, 16 figs., 2 tables, 12.

MFNA-T

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Coelacanthini

Genera/Species: Diplurus

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1952. Rates of evolution in the coelacanth and dipnoan fishes. Evolution. Vol. 6: 101-111, 3 figs.

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: coelacanth and dipnoan fishes

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1952. The evidence of the fresh-water fishes. pp. 227-234. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 99(3: 85-258

MFNA-T; MFNA-J; MFNA-C;

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: freshwater fishes

Genera/Species: Atherstonia; Australosomus; Ceratodus; Cleithrolepis; Coelacanthus; Colobodus; Eurychir Jordan, 1925; Mawsonia; Oxygnathus; Phareodus; Pholidophorus; Pygopterus; Scleropages; Semionotus; Tharrhias;

Formation: Upper Beaufort Series; Guaranitico Fm.; Stormberg series;

COUNTRY: Argentina; Asia; Australia; Egypt; Europe; South Africa; USA: Kansas;

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1953. Latimeria and the history of coelacanth fishes. Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci., ser. 2. Vol. 15: 170-178, 8 figs.

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: coelacanth fishes

Genera/Species: Latimeria

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1954. Pariostegus, a Triassic coelacanth. Not. Nat. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. Vol. 261: 1-5

MFNA-T

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Coelacanthini

Genera/Species: Pariostegus

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1955. Mendocinia, a subholostean fish from the Triassic of Argentina. American Museum Novitates. No. 1737: 1-23

MFNA-T;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Perleididae;

Genera/Species: Perleidus piveteaui; Perleidus madagascariensis; Perleidus; Colobodus; Meidiicthys; Manlietta; Pristisomus; Meridensia; Pristisomus; Mendocinia; Dollopterus; Mendocinia brevis; Gyrolepidoides creyanus;

COUNTRY: Argentina

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1956. Evolution in the subholostean fishes. Evolution. Vol. 10: 201-212, 2 figs., 2 tables.

MFNA-T

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1960. The Cretaceous Holostean Fish Macrepistius. American Museum of Natural History Novitates. No. 2011: 1-18

MFNA-J, MFNA-C,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous; Jurassic;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Amiiformes; Macrosemiidae; clupeoid; Holostean; Caturidae (Eugnathidae); Amiidae; Lepidosteidae; Semionotidae; pholidophoroids;

Genera/Species: Macrepistius arenatus Cope, 1894; Lepidotus; Ophiopsis; Heterolepidotus; Caturus; Eugnathus; Caturus driani; Caturus porteri; Eoeugnathus; Eoeugnathus orthostomus (Woodward, 1895); Eoeugnathus praelongus(Saint-Seine, 1949); Eoeugnathus megalepis; Heterolepidotus latus; Heterolepidotus typicus; Acentrophorus; Semionotus; Dapedius; Eurycormus;

Formation: Glen Rose Fm.

COUNTRY: USA: Texas

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1967. Late Triassic fishes from the Western United States. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 135(6): 285-342

MFNA-TL-WI

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acipenseridae; Actinopterygii; Aeduelliadae; Amiidae; Brookvaliidae; Catopteridae Woodward, 1890, p. 16; Chondrostei; Coelacanthidae; Coelacanthini; Coelacanthiformes; Colobodontidae; Crossopterygii; Dapediidae; Dictyopygidae; Elasmobranchii; Haplolepidae; Holostei; Hybodontidae; Hybodontiformes; Lepidosteoidei; Osteichthyes; Palaeoniscidae; Palaeonisciformes; Paleoniscoidei; Perleidiidae; Perleidiformes; Pycnodontidae; Redfieldiidae; Redfieldiiformes; Redfieldoidei; Sarcopterygii; Saurichthydae; Semionotidae; Semionotiformes; Semionotoidei; Turseoidae

Genera/Species: Acentrophorus; Aeduella; Atopocephala; Australosomus merlei; Beaconia; Birgeria mougeoti; Birgeria nielseni; Bobasatrania; Boreosomus; Brookvalia (Wade, 1933); Carinacanthus; Catopterus Agassiz, 1833; Catopterus Redfield, 1837; Ceratodus; Cheirodopsis; Chinlea; Chinlea sorenseni Schaeffer, 1967, p. 323, Figs. 13A, 14., pp. 323, 325, Plates 26-28; Cionichthys Schaeffer, 1967; Cionichthys dunklei Schaeffer, 1967, p. 302, Fig. 5., p. 303; Cionichthys greeni Schaeffer, 1967, p. 304, Figs. 6-7., pp. 305-306; Cleithrolepis; Coelacanthus; Cosmolepis; Daedalichthys; Dandya; Dapedius (Lehman, 1966); Dictyopyge Egerton, 1847; Dictyopyge macrura; Dictyopyge illustrans; Diplurus; Diplurus longicaudatus (Schaeffer, 1948); Dipterus; Eurecana Bock, 1959, p. 99; Geitonichthys; Glaucolepis; Gwyneddichtis Bock, 1959, p. 47; Gwyneddichtis gwyneddensis; Gwyneddichtis gwyneddichtis; Gwyneddichtis minor; Gyrolepis; Helichthys; Helichthys ctenipteryx (Brough, 1931); Helichthys obesus; Hemicalypterus Schaeffer, 1967; Hemicalypterus weiri Schaeffer, 1967, p. 319, Fig 12, p. 320, Plates 24, 25; Holophagus (Gardiner, 1960); Ischnolepis Haughton, 1934; Ischypterus Egerton, 1847, p. 277; Lasalichthys Schaeffer, 1967; Lasalichthys hillsi Schaeffer, 1967, p. 309, Fig. 9, p. 311; Laugia; Lepidotus; Lissodus; Macropoma; Manlietta; Meidiicthys; Molybdichthys; Nematoptychius; Osteopleurus; Palaeobates keuperinus; Palaeoniscus Refield, 1837, p. 38; Palaeoniscus freieslebeni; Paramesolepis; Perleidus; Phlyctaenichthys; Platysomus; Procheirichthys; Pseudobeaconia (Bordas, 1944); Pteronisculus; Pteronisculus magna; Ptycholepis; Ptycholepis bollensis; Redfieldius sp. p. 308, Fig. 8, p. 307; Redfieldius gracilis; Redfieldius redfieldi; Rhabdiolepis; Sakamenichthys Lehman et al., 1959; Schizurichthys; Semionotus Agassiz, 1832, p. 144; Semionotus bergeri (Woodward, 1895, pl. 2); Semionotus capensis Gardiner, 1960; Semionotus gigas; Semionotus kanabensis (Schaeffer & Dunkle, 1950); Semionotus nilsonni; Semionotus normanniae (Larsonneur, 1964); Sinamia; Sinkiangichthys Liu, 1958; Synorichthys Schaeffer, 1967; Synorichthys stewarti Schaeffer, 1967, p. 312, Figs. 10-11., pp. 313-314; Tanaocrossus Schaeffer, 1967; Tanaocrossus kalliokoskii Schaeffer, 1967, p. 315, Plate 20, Figs. 1-2; Tetragonolepis; Turseodus Leidy, 1857, p. 167; Turseodus acutus Leidy; Turseodus dolorensis Schaeffer, 1967, p. 297, Fig. 3., p. 298; Turseodus minor; Undina; Whitea (Lehman, 1952);

Formation: Chinle Fm.; Chugwater Fm.; Dinosaur Canyon Sandstone Member; Dockum Fm.; Dockum Group; Dolores Fm.; Kayenta Fm.; Lockatong Fm.; Moenkapi Fm.; Moenave Fm.; Santa Rosa Fm.; Santa Rosa Sandstone; Springdale Sandstone; Tecovas Fm.; Trujillo Fm.; Wingate Fm.; Wingate Sandstone;

COUNTRY: Argentina; Australia; Canada; British Columbia; China; Europe; Germany; Greenland; Madagascar; Rhodesia; South America; Spitzbergen; South Africa; USA: Arizona; Colorado; Massachusetts; New Jersey; New Mexico; Pennsylvania; Texas; Utah; Virginia; Wyoming;

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1967. Osteichthyan vertebrae. Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology). Vol. 47: 185-195

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteichthyan

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1972. A Jurassic fish from Antarctica. American Museum Novitates. No. 2495: 1-17

MFNA-J;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Archaeomaenidae Goodrich, 1909; Ichthyokentemidae; Pholidophoridae (Nybelin, 1966); Pholidophoriformes; Pleuropholidae;

Genera/Species: Aetheolepis; Aphnelepis; Archaeomaene; Ichthyokentema; Madariscus; Oreochima Schaeffer, 1972; Oreochima ellioti Schaeffer, 1972; Pholidophorus;

Formation: Kirkpatrick Basalt;

COUNTRY: Antarctica; Australia;

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1973. Interrelationships of chondrosteans. pp. 207-226. IN: Greenwood, P. H.; Miles, R. S.; Patterson, C. (eds.). Interrelationships of Fishes. London, England, U.K. Academic Press. 536 pp.

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: chondrostean fishes

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1974. Mesozoic fishes and climate. Z. Geol. Wiss. Vol. 2

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1981. The xenacanth shark neurocranium with comments on elasmobranch monophyly. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. Vol. 169: 1-66

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: xenacanth shark, elasmobranch

 

 

Schaeffer, B. 1984. On the relationships of the Triassic-Liassic redfieldiiform fishes. American Museum Novitates. No. 2795: 1-18

MFNA; MFNA-T; MFNA-TL-WI; MFNA-TL-NS; MFNA-J;

Geologic Age: Triassic; Mesozoic; Triassic-Triassic Late-Carnian; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias)-Sinemurian; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias)-Hettangian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acrolepidae; Brookvaliidae Hutchinson, 1973; Catopteridae; Chondrostei; Dicellopygidae; Elonichthyidae; Palaeoniscidae; perleidid; Perleidiformes; Redfieldiidae Hutchinson, 1973; Redfieldiiformes; Rhadinichthyidae; Schizurichthyidae Hutchinson, 1973;

Genera/Species: Atopocephala Brough, 1934; Brookvalia Wade, 1935; Brookvalia gracilis; Canobius; Cheirolepis; Cionichthys Schaeffer, 1967, p. 15; Coccocephalichthys; Cocconiscus; Cyonichthys (sic Schaeffer, 1984, p. 2, Fig. 1, C)[=? Cionichthys Schaeffer, 1967]; Daedalichthys Brough, 1931; Dictyopyge Lyell, 1847; Elonichthys serratus (Moy-Thomas & Dyne, 1938); Geitonichthys Wade, 1935; Helichthys Broom, 1909; Ischnolepis Haughton, 1934; Lasalichthys Schaeffer, 1967; Lawnia; Manlietta; Mauritanichthys Martin, 1982; Mesopoma; Mimia; Molybdichthys Wade, 1935; Moythomasia; Mauritanichthys; Oxygnathus; Palaeoniscus; Paramblypterus; Perleidus; Phanerosteon; Phlyctaenichthys Wade, 1935 sic Schaeffer, 1984, p. 6, Fig. 2,E, & p. 11, p. 12, Fig.6, p. 15; Phyctaenichthys Wade, 1935 sic Schaeffer, 1984, p. 8; Pteronisculus; Pteronisculus magna; Pyritocephalus sculptus; Redfieldius Hay, 1899; Sakamenichthys sic Schaeffer, 1984, p. 11; Sakamenichthys; Schizurichthys Wade, 1935; Synorichthys Schaeffer, 1967;

Formation: Dockum Fm.; Newark Supergroup

COUNTRY: Australia; South Africa; Madagascar; Morocco; Zambia; Morocco; USA: eastern and western United States;

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Dunkle, D. H. 1950. A semionotid fish from the Chinle formation, with consideration of its relationships. American Museum Novitates. No. 1457: 1-29

MFNA-TL-WI

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late {= Lower Jurassic, Moenave Fm. now considered to be Lower Jurassic}

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Amioidea; Catopteridae; Coelacanthini; Dictyopygidae; dictyopygids; Elonichthyidae; Elopidae; Elopoidea; Eugnathidae; Halecostomi; Holostei; Dipnoi; Parasemionotidae; Perleididae; Pholidophoroidea; Semionotidae; Semionotoidea; Subholostei;

Genera/Species: Acetrophorus (sic, Schaeffer & Dunkle, 1950, p. 17); Acentrophorus; Amia; Aphnelepis; Boreosomus; Broughia; Canobius; Canobius ramsayi; Caturus; Ceratodus; Ceratodus crosbiensis (Warthin, 1928); Ceratodus dorothea (Case, 1921); Coccocephalus; Dapedius; Dictyopyge; Disticholepis; Elonichthys caudalis; Eoeugnathus; Eoprotelops; Helichthys elegans; Heterolepidotus; Lepidotes; Lepidotes walcotti (Eastman, 1917); Macropoma; Macrosemius; Notagogus; Oeonoscopus; Ophiopsis; Opsia; Pachycormus; Palaeoniscus; Parasemionotus; Perleidus; Perleidus madagascariensis (Piveteau, 1934); Perleidus segusianus (Saint-Seine, 1949); Perleidus stochiensis (Stensiš, 1932); Perleidus woodwardi; Pholidophorus sp. (Eastman, 1905); Pholidophorus bechei (Rayner, 1948); Pholidophorus segusianus (Saint-Seine, 1949); Pholidophorus similis (Saint-Seine, 1949); Pleuropholis; Propterus; Protosphyraena; Ptycholepis curta; Semionotus Agassiz, 1832; Semionotus bergeri; Semionotus cf. gigas Hesse, 1935; Semionotus kanabensis Schaeffer & Dunkle, 1950; Semionotus nilssoni; Sinamia; Tetragonolepis; Watsonia; Watsonulus;

Formation: Moenave; Chinle Fm.; Chugwater Fm.; Popo Agie Membe; Dockum; Moenkopi;

COUNTRY: USA: Arizona; New Mexico; Texas; Utah; Wyoming;

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Dunkle, D.H.; McDonald, N.G. 1975. Ptycholepis marshi Newberry, a chondrostean fish from the Newark Group of eastern North America. Fieldiana: Geology. Vol. 33(12): 205-233

MFNA-TL-NS, MFNA-JE

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic ?Liassic; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias); Triassic-Triassic Late-Norian; Triassic-Triassic Late-Carnian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Ptycholepiformes Andrews et ali, 1967; Ptycholepididae Brough, 1939; paleonisciforms; semionotids; redfieldiids;

Genera/Species: Ptycholepis marshi Newberry, 1878; redfieldiids; Semionotus; Boreosomus; Ptycholepis bollensis (Wenz, 1967); Ptycholepis curta; Ptycholepis barboi Bassani; Moythomasia Gross; Acrolepis Agassiz; Acropholis Aldinger; Plegmolepis Aldinger; Boreolepis Aldinger; Ptycholepis avus Kner; Ptycholepis minor Egerton; Ptycholepis monilifer Woodward; Ptycholepis gracilis Davis; Diplurus; Diplurus cf. Diplurus longicaudatus;

Formation: Shuttle Meadow Fm.; Brunswick Fm.; ?Bull Run Shale; East Berlin Fm.; Portland Fm.;

COUNTRY: USA: Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Virginia; Austria; England; Germany; France;

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Gregory, J. T. 1961. Coelacanths from the continental Triassic of the western United States. American Museum Novitates. No. 2306: 1-18

MFNA-TL-WI

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Coelacanthini

Genera/Species: Moenkopia; skull from Tecovas Fm., Dockum Group, assignable to Chinlea according to Schaeffer, 1967; Referred Warthin's material to it

Formation: Tecovas, Dockum Group

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Mangus, M. 1970. Synorichthys sp. (Palaeonisciformes) and the Chinle-Dockum and Newark (Upper Triassic) fish faunas. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 44: 17-22

MFNA-TL-WI, MFNA-TL-NS,

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Palaeonisciformes

Genera/Species: Synorichthys

Formation: Chinle-Dockum, Newark

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Mangus, M. 1976. An Early Triassic fish assemblage from British Columbia. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 156(5): 517-563

MFNA-TE-WL

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Early;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinistia; Actinopterygii; Birgeriidae; Bobasatranidae; Bobasatraniiformes; Boreosomidae; Chondrichthyes; Coelacanthida; Coelacanthidae; Crossopterygii; Hybodontidae; Lamnidae; Ospiidae Stensiš, 1932, pp. 225-226; Osteichthyes; Palaeoniscidae; Palaeonisciformes; Paracentrophoridae Gardiner, 1960, p. 347; Parasemionotidae Stensiš, 1932; Parasemionotiformes; Perleididae; Perleidiformes; Pholidopleuridae; Pholidopleuriformes; Promecosominidae, Wade, 1941, pp. 380-383; Saurichthyidae; Saurichthyiformes; Selachii; Tungusichthyidae Berg, 1941, p. 461;

Genera/Species: Acrodus Agassiz, 1838; Acrolepis; Acrorhabdus; Ambodipia; Arctosomus; Albertonia Gardiner, 1966, p. 65; Albertonia cupidinia (Lambe, 1916a, p. 39); Australosomus Piveteau, 1930; Australosomus kochi Stensiš, 1932; Australosomus merlei (Priem, 1924); Australosomus pholidopleuroides Nielsen, 1949; Australosomus simplex Nielsen, 1949; Australosomus stockleyi Haughton, 1936; Axelia; Belonorhynchus Bronn, 1858, p. 12; Belonorhynchus dayi; Birgeria Stensiš, 1919, pp. 177-181; Birgeria mougeoti (Agassiz); Bobasatrania White, 1932; Bobasatrania canadensis (Lambe, 1914, p. 17); Bobasatrania groenlandica Stensiš, 1932; Bobasatrania nathorsti Stensiš, 1921; Boreosomus Stensiš, 1921, pp. 210-211; Boreosomus arcticus (Woodward); Boreosomus gillioti (Priem, 1924); Boreosomus mahavavica White, 1932; Boreosomus piveteaui Nielsen, 1942; Boreosomus reuterskišldi Stensiš, 1921; Broughia; Ceratodus; Coelacanthus Priem, 1924, p. 111; Coelacanthus banffensis Lambe, 1916a, p. 38; Colobodus Woodward, 1912, p. 296; Cosmacanthus elegans Evans, 1904; Deltopychius Morris & Roberts, 1862; Devillersia; Diaphorognathus Brough, 1933, p. 77; Dollopterus Abel, 1906; Dollopterus cupidineus Berg, 1936, p. 166; Ecrinesomus Woodward, 1910; Elonichthys Lambe, 1916a, p. 39; Elonichthys cupidineus Lambe, 1916a, p. 39; Errolichthys; Estheria; Evenkia; Giffonus Costa, 1862, p. 26; Gigantopterus Abel, 1906; Glaucolepis Stensiš, 1921, p. 200; Gyrolepis Stensiš, 1921, p. 200; Haywardia Tanner, 1936; ?Haywardia jordani Tanner, 1936, p. 82; Helicampodus; Helmolepis; Hybodus Agassiz, 1837; Hybodus delabechi Charlesworth, 1839; Ichthyorhynchus Bellotti, 1857, p. 436; Jacobulus; Lambeichthys; Lambeichthys canadensis; Laugia Stensiš, 1932; Lehmanotus; Listracanthus Newberry & Worthen, 1870; Meridensia Andersson, 1916; Mylacanthus; Ospia; Palaeobates von Meyer, 1849; Palaeobates angustissimus (Agassiz); Palaeobates polaris; Palaeoniscus; Paracentrophorus; Paraceratodus; Parasemionotus; Perleidus De Alessandri, 1910, p. 49; Perleidus altolepis (Deecke); Petrodus McCoy, 1848; Pholidopleurus Stensiš, 1931, pp. 88-89; Piveteauia; Platysomus Lambe, 1914, p. 17; Platysomus albertensis Lambe, 1916, p. 195; Platysomus brewsteri Warren, 1936, p. 55; Platysomus canadensis Lambe, 1914, p. 17; Polyacrodus; Pristiosomus Priem, 1924, pp. 115-116; Pteronisculus White, 1933. p. 118; Pteronisculus cicatrosus White; Pteronisculus ?laetus (Lambe); Pygopterus; Sakamenichthys; Sassenia; Saurichthys Agassiz, 1834, p. 84; Saurichthys apicalis Agassiz, 1834, p. 84; Saurichthys curioni Bellotti, 1857; Saurichthys dayi; Saurichthys madagascariensis Piveteau, 1944; Saurichthys ornatus Stensiš, 1925; Saurichthys piveteaui Beltan, 1958; Saurichthys wimani Stensiš, 1925; Saurorhynchus MŸnster, 1840, p. 74; Scleracanthus; Semiontous Deecke, 1889, p. 120; Sinocoelacanthus; Stensionotus; Stylorhynchus Martin, 1873, p. 725; Thomasinotus; Thoracopterus Bronn, 1858; Tompoichthys; Tungusichthys; Watsonulus Brough, 1939; Whiteia Moy-Thomas, 1935, p. 215; Whiteia woodwardi Moy-Thomas, 1935, p. 215; Winmania Stensiš, 1921; Xenestes Jordan, 1907, pp. 120-121;

Formation: Blind Fiord Fm.; Dinwoody Fm.; Mianwali Fm.; Pingo Dal Fm.; Shublick Fm.; Spray River Fm.; Sticky Keep Fm.; Sulphur Mountain Fm.; Thaynes Fm.; Toad Fm.; Toad-Grayling Fm.; Woodside Fm.; Wordie Creek Fm.; Yan-an Fm.;

COUNTRY: AUSTRALIA; CANADA: British Columbia, Wapiti Lake, Alberta; CHINA; GREENLAND; IRAN; ITALY; MADAGASCAR; PAKISTAN; RUSSIA; SIBERIA; SPITZBERGEN; TANZANIA; USA: Alaska; California; Idaho; Indiana;

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Mc Donald, N. G. 1978. Redfieldiid fishes from the Triassic-Liassic Newark Supergroup of Eastern North America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 155(4): 131-173

MFNA-TL-WI; MFNA-TL-NS;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Liassic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Redfieldiiformes Berg, 1940; Redfieldiidae Berg, 1940; Catopteridae Woodward, 1890;

Genera/Species: Dictyopyge Lyell, 1847; Redfieldius Hay, 1899; Redfieldius gracilis (J. H. Redfield, 1837); Dictyopyge macrurus (W. C. Redfield, 1841); Dictyopyge meekeri Schaeffer and Mc Donald, 1978; Catopterus gracilis J. H. Redfield, 1837; Catopterus macrurus W. C. Redfield, 1841;

Formation: Newark; Dockum; Chinle;

COUNTRY: Eastern North America; Australia;

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Patterson, C. 1984. Jurassic fishes from the Western United States, with comments on Jurassic fish distribution. American Museum Novitates. No. 2796: 1-86

MFNA-JM-WI

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Middle; Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acanthorhinidae; Actinistia; Actinopterygii; Allothrissopidae; Allothrissopoidei; Amiidae; Aspidorhynchidae; Batoidei; Caturidae Owen, 1860; Centrolepidae; Ceratodontidae; Chimaeridae Bonaparte, 1831; Chimaeropsidae; Chondrichthyes; Chondrosteidae; Clupeocephala; Clupeomorpha; Coccolepidae; Coelacanthidae; Cosmolepidae; Dapediidae; Dipnoi; Elasmobranchii; Elopocephala; Gyrodontidae; Halecomorphi; Halecostomi; Heterodontidae; Hexanchidae; Hiodontidae; Holocephali; Holuridae; Hybodontidae Owen, 1846; Ichthyodectidae; Ichthyodectiformes; Ichthyodectoidei; Ichthyokentemidae; Ionoscopidae; Leptolepidae sic Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 65, p. 75; Leptolepididae sic Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 52, 53, 65; Macrosemiidae; Myriacanthidae; Neopterygii; Neoselachii; Oligopleuridae; Ophiopsidae; Orectolobidae; Osteichthyes; Osteoglossomorpha; Pachycormidae; Peltopleuridae; Pholidophoridae; Platysiagidae; Pleuropholidae; Protospinacidae; Ptycholepidae; Redfieldiidae; Rhinobatidae; Sarcopterygii; Saurichthyidae; Scapanorhynchidae; Scylorhinidae; Semionotidae Woodward, 1890; Squalorajidae; Squatinidae; Teleostei; Uarbryichthyidae;

Genera/Species: Acanthorhina; Acentrophorus; Acrodus; Aellopos; Aethalionopsis Gaudant; Aetheolepis; Agaleus; Agkistracanthus; Alethodontus; Allolepidotus; Allothrissops; Allothrissops mesogaster (Agassiz); Allothrissops regleyi; Allothrissops salmoneus; Amia; Amiopsis; Amiopsis (?) dartoni Eastman, 1899b, p. 406; Anaethalion; Ankylophorus; Annea; Aphnelepis; Archaeomaene; Ascalabos MŸnster; Ascalabos voithii MŸnster; Aspidorhynchus; Aspidorhynchus comptoni; Asthenocormus; Asteracanthus; Asterodermus; Athrodon; Australosomus; Austrolepidotus; Austropleuropholis; Baleiichthys; Bdellodus; Belemnobatis; Belonorhynchus; Belonostomus; Bobasatrania; Boreosomus; Brachymylus; Breviacanthus; Brookvalia; Browneichthys; Bunoderma; Callopterus; Catervariolus; Caturus Agassiz, 1834; Caturus bellicianus (Thiollire); Caturus dartoni (Eastman, 1899b, p. 406); Caturus deani Gregory; Caturus driani Thiollire; Caturus furcatus Agassiz; Caturus giganteus Wagner; Caturus heterurus; Caturus insignis Knerr; Caturus pachyurus Agassiz; Caturus porteri Rayner, 1948; Caturus smithwoodwardi White, 1925; Caturus tarraconensis Sauvage; Caturus velifer Thiollire; Centrolepis; ?Ceramurus; Ceratodus; Chimaera townsendii Buckland, 1835; Chimaeropsis; Chondrosteus; Chongichthys Arratia, 1982; Chungkingichthys; Cladocylus; Clupavus Arambourg; Coccoderma; Coccolepis; Coelodus; Corysodon; Cosmolepis; Crossorhinus; Cyclarthrus; Cyprinus elvensis De Blainville; Dapedium; Diplurus; Disticholepis; Elasmodectes; Elopocephala; Enchelyolepis; Eoeugnathus; Eomesodon; Errolichthys (Nielsen, 1952); Eugnathides; Eugnathus; Eurycormus; Eusemius; Euthynotus; Fuchunkiangia; Furo; Galkinia; Ganodus; Gyrodus; Gyronchus; Gyrosteus; Haplolepis; Hengnania; Heterodontus; Heterolepidotus; Hetrostrophus; Hexanchus; Histionotus; Holophagus; Huashia; Hulettia Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 14; Hulettia americana (Eastman, 1899a); Hungkiichthys; Hybodus Agassiz, 1837; Hybodus grossiconus Agassiz; Hybodus polyprion Agassiz; Hybodus reticulatus Agassiz; Hylaeobatis; Ichthyokentema sic Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 26, p. 74, p. 79; Icthyokentema sic Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 26; Ikechaoamia; Indocoelacanthus; Ionoscopus; Ischyodus Egerton, 1843; Ischyodus egertoni (Buckland); Ischyodus emarginatus Egerton; Jurobatos; Leedsichthys; Lepidotes Agassiz, 1832; Leptacanthus; Leptolepides Nybelin; Leptolepides sprattiformis; Leptolepis Nybelin; Leptolepis caheni; Leptolepis coryphaenoides; Leptolepis macrophthalmus Egerton; Leptolepis polyspondylus Agassiz; Leptolepis normandica; Leptolepis opercularis Arratia et al., 1975c; Leptolepis schoewei Dunkle, 1942, p. 62, Pl. 6; Leptolepis talbragarensis Woodward; Libys; ?Ligulella; Ligulella; Liodesmus; Lissodus; Lonchiodon; Lophiostomus; Lualabea; Luisichthys; Lycoptera; Macrepistius; Macroaethes; Macromesodon; Macrosemius; Madariscus; Majokia; Megalurus; Mesoclupea; Mesodon; Mesturus; Metopacanthus; Microdon; Mimia; Moythomasia; Myriacanthus; Neolycoptera; Neorhombolepis; Notagogus; Nybelinoides Taverne; Occithrissops Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 40; Occithrissops willsoni Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 40; Oenoscopus; ?Ohmdenia; Oligopleurus; Ophiopsis; Oreochima; Orthacodus; Orthocormus; Osteorachis sic Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 38; Osteorhachis sic Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 39; Oxygnathus; Pachycormus; Pachymylus; Pachythrissops; Palaeocarcharias; Palaeoniscinotus; Palaeoscyllium; Palaeospinax; Paleobrachaelurus; Paracestracion; Paraclupavus Saint-Seine & Casier; Paraclupea; Paradapedium; Parapleuropholis; Pattersonella Taverne; Peipiaosteus; Perleidus; Pholidolepis Nybelin; Pholidophoristion; Pholidophoroides; Pholidophoropsis; Pholidophorus; Pholidophorus americanus Eastman, 1899a, p. 642; Pholidophorus bechei; Pholidophorus domeykanus Arratia et al., 1975a; Pholidophorus germanicus (Patterson, 1975, pp. 461, 417); Phorycnis; Placopleurus; Platysiagum; Plesiococcolepis; Pleuropholis; Polypterus; Pristacanthus; Pristiurus; Proleptolepis; Propterus; Prosauropsis; Proscinetus; Protoclupea Arratia et al., 1975b; Protospinax; Pteronisculus; Pteroniscus; Ptycholepis; Pygopterus; Redfieldius; Saurichthys; Sauropsis; Saurorhynchus; Saurostomus; Scapanorhynchus; Scaphodus; Seefeldia Nybelin; Semionotus; Sinamia; Sinoeugnathus; Sinolycoptera; Songanella; Spathobatis; Sphenodus; Squalogaleus; Squaloraja; Squatina; Stichopterus; Strobilodus; Strophodus; Synechodus; Tetragonolepis; Tharsis Blainville; Tharsis dubius (Blainville); Thrissops; Thrissops cirinensis; Thrissops curtus (Woodward, 1919); Thrissops formosus Agassiz; Thrissops subovatus von MŸnster; ?Tibetodus; Todiltia Schaeffer & Patterson, 1984, p. 51; Todiltia schoewei (Dunkle, 1942, p. 62, Pl. 6); Tongxinichthys; Trachymetopon; Turseodus; Uarbryichthys; Undina; Urocles; Varasichthys Arratia, 1981; Wadeichthys; Wenzichthys Taverne; Yuchoulepis;

Formation: Bell Ranch Fm.; Gypsum Spring Fm.; Jagus Fm.; Kayenta Fm.; Kota Fm.; Morrison Fm.; Nicely Fm.; Rierdon Fm.; Sundance Fm.; Wanakah Fm.;

COUNTRY: ALGERIA; ANTARCTICA; ARABIA; ARGENTINA; AUSTRALIA: New South Wales; Victoria; AUSTRIA; BALUCHISTAN; BRAZIL; CANADA; CHILE; CHINA; CUBA; FRANCE; GREENLAND; INDIA; ITALY; JAPAN; MADAGASCAR; MEXICO; MOROCCO; PORTUGAL; RUSSIA; SPAIN; THAILAND; TUNISIA; UK: England; USA: Arizona; Colorado; Montana; New Mexico; Oregon; South Dakota; Utah; Wyoming, ZA•RE;

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Patterson, C. 1985. Comments on Western Hemisphere Jurassic fishes. Ameghiniana. Vol. 21: 332-334

MFNA-J

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

COUNTRY: Western Hemisphere

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Rosen, D.E. 1961. Major adaptive levels in the evolution of the actinopterygian feeding mechanism. American Zoologist. Vol. 1: 187-204

MFNA-T, MFNA-J, MFNA-C,

Geologic Age: Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Macrosemiidae, Pachycormidae, Parasemionotidae, Pholidophoridae

Genera/Species: Pteronisculus, Boreosomus, Amia, Notelops, Pholidophorus similis

 

 

Schaeffer, B.; Williams, M. E. 1977. Relationships of fossil and living elasmobranchs. Am. Zool. Vol. 17: 293-302

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: elasmobranchs

 

 

Schindler, T.; Hampe, O. 1996. Eine erste Fischfauna (Chondrichthyes, Acanthodii, Osteichthyes) aus dem Permokarbon Niederšsterreichs (Zšbing, NE Krems) mit palŠoškologischen und biostratigraphischen Anmerkungen. BeitrŠge zur PalŠontologie. Vol. 21: 93-103

MFNA

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes

Formation:

 

 

Schršder-Adams, C. J.; Cumbaa, S. L.; Bloch, J.; Leckie, D. A.; Craig, J.; El-Dein, S. A. S.; Simons, D.-J. H. A. E.; Kenig, F. 2001. Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian to Campanian) paleoenvironmental history of the Eastern Canadian margin of the Western Interior Seaway: bonebeds and anoxic events. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Vol. 170: 261-289

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes;

Formation: Ashville Fm.; Bearpaw Fm.; Belle Fourche fm.; Belly River Fm.; Favel Fm.; Fish Scales Fm.; Joli Fou Fm.; Lea Park Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Second White Specks Fm.; viking Fm.; Westgate Fm.;

COUNTRY: CANADA: Alberta; Manitoba; Saskatchewan;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1966. Morphologische und histologische Untersuchungen an Schuppen mesozoischer Actinopterygier (†bergang von Ganoid-zu Rundschuppen). Neues Jahrbuch fŸr Geologie und Palaeontologie, Abhandlungen. Vol. 126(3): 232-314

MFNA, MFNA-T, MFNA-J,

Geologic Age: Mesozoic; Jurassic-Jurassic; Triassic-Triassic;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Amiidae; Archaeomaenidae; Aspidorhynchidae; Cephaloxenidae; Furidae; Leptolepidae; Macrosemiidae; Pachycormidae; Paracentrophoridae; Parasemionotidae; Peltopleuridae; Pholidophoridae; Pholidopleuridae; Pleuropholidae; Promecosomidae; Protelopidae; Pycnodontidae; Oligopleuridae; Semionotidae;

Genera/Species: Aetheolepis; Aetheolepis mirabilis Woodward; Allothrissops mesogaster (Agassiz); Amiopsis; Arctosomus; Aspidorhynchus; Australosomus; Australosomus kochi; Stensiš; Belonostomus; Caturus furcatus Agassiz; Caturus latus; Dapedius; Disticholepis; Enchelyolepis; Enchelyolepis andrewsi; Enchelyolepis pectoralis; Eoeugnathus megalepis Brough; Eugnathus altus; Eugnathus aldingeri Heimberg; Eugnathus fasciculatus; Eugnathus hastingsiae; Eugnathus latimanus; Eugnathus longiserratus; Eugnathus microlepidotus Agassiz; Eugnathus minor; Eugnathus mŸnsteri (Agassiz); Eugnathus orthostomus; Eugnathus serratus; Eurycormus speciosus; Euthynotus incognitus (Blainville); Gyrodus; Gyrolepis albertii; Habroichthys minimus; Heterolepidotus dorsalis; Heterolepidotus parvulus; Heterolepidotus rhombifer (Agassiz); Heterolepidotus?radiato-punctatus (Agassiz); Heterolepidotus striatus; Histionotus angularis Egerton; Histionotus oberdorferi Wagner; Hypsocormus macrodon; Hypsocormus tenuirostris; Ichthyokentema; Ichthyokentema purbeckensis (Davies); Legnonotus; Legnonotus cothamensis; Lepidotes latifrons Woodward; Lepidotes minor (Gross, 1935); Leptolepis africana; Leptolepis brodei (Kreide); Leptolepis coryphaenoides (Bronn); Leptolepis dubius; Leptolepis knorri; Leptolepis macrophthalmus (Oxfgord); Leptolepis sprattiformis (Blainville); Lophiostomus; Lophiostomus dixoni; Luganoia intermedia Brough; Macrosemius belenae; Macrosemius dumortieri; Macrosemius fourneli; Macrosemius rostratus Agassiz; Neorhombolepis; Neorhombolepis excelsus; Neorhombolepis valdensis; Notagogus; Notagogus denticulatus Agassiz; Notagogus pentlandi; Oenoscopus; Ophiopsis attenuata Wagner; Ophiopsis procera Agassiz; Ophiopsis tenuiserrata (Agassiz); Osteorachis; Osteorachis macrocephalus Egerton; Pachycormus; Pachycormus curtus Agassiz; Parasemionotus labordei (Priem); Peltopleurus rugosus Brough; Peltopleurus splendens Knerr; Petalopteryx; Pholidophorus; Pholidophorus bechei; Pholidophorus brevis; Pholidophorus caudalis Woodward; Pholidophorus falcifer Wagner; Pholidophorus germanicus Quenstedt; Pholidophorus higginsi Egerton; Pholidophorus latinsculus Agassiz; Pholidophorus latus Agassiz; Pholidophorus macrocephalus Agassiz; Pholidophorus magnus Vetter; Pholidophorus cf. microps Agassiz; Pholidophorus micronyx; Pholidophorus pachysomus; Pholidophorus purbeckensis; Pholidophorus similis Woodward; Pholidophorus stricklandi Agassiz; Pholidophorus typus Bronn; Placopleurus; Pleuropholis; Pleuropholis laevissima (Agassiz); Propterus; Propterus microstomus Agassiz; Ptycholepis; Sauropsis latus Agassiz; Thoracopterus; Thrissops formosus Agassiz; Urocles; Urocles lepidotes (Agassiz); Watsonulus eugnathoides Piveteau;

Formation: Solnhofen;

COUNTRY: Germany;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1981. A dipnoan tooth plate from the lower Cretaceous of Kansas, USA. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 84: 187-195.

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Dipnoi

Genera/Species: Asiatoceratodus Vorobyeva, 1967; Ceratodus; Ceratodus africanus; Ceratodus americanus; Ceratodus frazieri Ostrom, 1970; Ceratodus guentheri; Ceratodus humei; Ceratodus latissimus Agassiz, 1838; Ceratodus pectinatus; Ceratodus robustus Knight, 1898; Ceratodus tuberculatus; Paraceratodus Lehman, Chateau, Laurain, & Nauche, 1959; Tellerodus Lehman, 1976; Arganodus Martin, 1979;

Formation: Cloverly Fm.; Dakota Fm.; Kiowa Fm.; Morrison Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Paluxy Fm.;

COUNTRY: Africa; USA: Kansas; Texas; Wyoming;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1981. Das Schaedeldach eines ceratodontiden Lungenfisches aus der Trias Sueddeutschlands (Dipnoi, Pisces). [The skull roof of a ceratodontid lungfish from the Triassic of South Germany (Dipnoi, Pisces).] [in German, with English summ.]. Stuttgarter BeitrŠge zur Naturkunde, Serie B: Geologie und PalŠontologie. Vol. 70: 1-31

MFNA-T

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Dipnoi

COUNTRY: Germany

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1989. Three-dimensional muscle preservation in Jurassic fishes of Chile. Revista Geologica de Chile. Vol. 16(2): 183-215

MFNA-JL

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurrassic Late (Malm)-Oxfordian

Genera/Species: undescribed pycnodonts, semionotid halecostome, Lepidotes sp., undescribed pachycormid, Atacamichthys greeni Arratia and Schultze, 1987, Antofagastaichthys mandibularis Arratia, 1986, Bobbichthys opercularis (Arratia, Chang and Chong, 1975), Chongichthys dentatus Arratia, 1982, Domeykos profetaensis Arratia and Schultze, 1985, ?Pholidophorus domeykanus Arratia, Chang and Chong, 1975), Protoclupea atacamensis Arratia and Schultze, 1985, Protoclupea chilensis Arratia, Chang, and Chong, 1975), Varasichthys ariasi Arratia, 1981

Formation: taphonomy

COUNTRY: Chile

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1991. Pycnodont fish (Actinopterygii, Osteichthyes) from the El Molino Formation (Late Cretaceous to Early Paleocene) of Bolivia. pp. 449-452. IN: Suarez-Soruco, R. (ed.). Fosiles y Facies de Bolivia: Vol. 1-Vertebrados. Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Revista TŽcnica de YPFB. Vol. 12 series volume 3-4

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii Klein, 1885; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1940;

Genera/Species: Coelodus Heckel, 1854; Coelodus cantabrigiensis (Woodward, 1895a); Coelodus decaturensis; Coelodus delabahiei; Coelodus mantelli (Woodward, 1895b); Coelodus plethodon; Coelodus santurnus Heckel, 1854; Coelodus toncoensis Benedetto & Sanchez, 1972; Macromesodon agrioensis; Palaeobalistum flabellatum; Paramicrodon chilensis; Paramicrodon volcanensis; Proscinctes [Microdon] penalvai; Pycnodus;

Formation: El Molino Fm.; Yacoraite Fm.;

COUNTRY: Argentina; Bolivia; Brazil; Chile; Madagascar; U.K.: England; U.S.A.: Texas;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1991. Lungfish from the El Molino (Late Cretaceous) and Santa Lucia (Early Paleocene) formations in Southcentral Bolivia. Pp. 441-448. IN: SUAREZ-SORUCO, R. (ed.). Fosiles y Facies de Bolivia. Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Revista TŽcnica de YPFB. Vol. 12 (3-4): 441-448

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic; Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Ceratodontidae; Lepidosirenidae; Ptychoceratodontidae;

Genera/Species: Ceratodus; Ceratodus africanus; Ceratodus brasiliensis; Ceratodus carinatus; Ceratodus donensis; Ceratodus felcheri; Ceratodus frazieri; Ceratodus guentheri; Ceratodus humei; Ceratodus iheringi; Ceratodus latissimus; Ceratodus madagascariensis; Ceratodus pectinatus; Ceratodus protopteroides; Ceratodus tuberculatus; Ceratodus wollastoni; Coelodus toncoensis; Lepidosiren; Lepidosiren cf. paradoxa;

Formation: El Molino Fm.; Itapecuru Fm.; Mata Amarillo Fm.; Santa Luc’a Fm.;

COUNTRY: Algeria; Argentina; Australia; Bolivia; Brazil; Egypt; Madagascar; Morocco; Niger; Peru; Russia; USA: Kansas; Texas;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1992. Dipnoi. IN: Westphal, F. (ed.). Fossilium Catalogus, I: Animalia. Amsterdam. Kugler Publ. Vol. 131: 1-464 pp.

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Dipnoi

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1993. Osteichthyes: Sarcopterygii. pp. 657-663. IN: Benton, M. J. (ed.). The Fossil Record. Vol. 2. London, England, U.K. Chapman & Hall

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteichthyes: Sarcopterygii

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1996. The scales of Mesozoic actinopterygians. pp. 83-94. IN: Arratia, G.; Viohl, G. (ed.). Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics and Paleoecology. Proceedings of the international meeting EichstŠtt, 1993. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. MŸnchen, Germany. 576 pp.

MFNA, MFNA-T,

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic, Cretaceous-Cretaceous, Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: actinopterygians, Caturidae, Amiidae, Semionotidae, Coccolepididae, Macrosemiidae, Parasemionotidae, Sinamiidae, Pholidophoridae, Pachycormidae

Genera/Species: Allothrissops, Amblysemius, Anaethalion, Ascalabos, Aspidorhynchus, Asthenocormus, Atacamichthys, Belonostomus, Bobbichthys, Brachyichthys, Caturus, Coccolepis, Daitingichthys, Diplomystus, Domeykos, Eichstaettia, Enchelyolepis, Eomesodon, Eurycormus, Euthynotus, Furo hastingsiae, Furo latimanus, Furo muensteril, Gyrodus, Gyronchus, Heterostrophus, Histionotus, Hypsocormus, Ionoscopus desori, Lepidotes, Leptolepides, Leptolepis, Liodesmus, Luisichthys, Macrosemius, Macromesodon, Macrosemius rostratus, Mesturus, Notagogus, Notagogus denticulatus, Ophiopsis attenuata, Orthocormus, Orthogonikleithrus, Pachycormus, Pachycormus curtus, Pachythrissops, Pholidophorus, Pholidophorus stricklandi, Pholidophoroides, Pholidophoropsis, Pleuropholis, Propterus, Propterus microstomus, Proscinetes, Protoclupea, Sauropsis, Saurostomus, Saurostomus esocinus, Sinamia, Tharsis, Thrissops, Urocles, Varasichthys,

COUNTRY: Bolivia

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 1999. Chapter 17. The fossil record of the intertidal zone. pp. 373-392. IN: Intertidal Fishes: Life in Two Worlds. San Diego. Academic Press

MFNA

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 2004. Mesozoic sarcopterygians. pp. 463-492. IN: Arratia, Gloria; Tintori, Andrea (ed.). Mesozoic Fishes 3 Systematics, Paleoenvironments and Biodiversity. Proceedings of the international meeting Serpiano, 2001. MŸnchen, Deutschland. Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. 649 pp.

MFNA-T; MFNA-TL-NS; MFNA-J; MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-GA;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Early; Triassic-Triassic Middle; Triassic-Triassic Late; Jurassic-Jurassic Early; Jurassic-Jurassic Middle; Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian/Maastrichtian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinistia Cope, 1871; actinistians; Arganodontidae Martin, 1982b; Asiatoceratodontidae Vorobyeva, 1967; Ceratodontidae Gill, 1873; Ceratodontoidei Nikolski, 1954; Chirodipteridae Campbell & Barwick, 1990; Coelacanthidae Agassiz, 1843; Coelacanthiformes Berg, 1940; Conchopomatidae Berg, 1940; Ctenodontidae Woodward, 1891; Ctenodontoidei Nikolski, 1954; Diplocercidae Berg, 1940; Diplocercidiformes Schultze, 2004; Dipnoi MŸller, 1845; Dipnoiformes Cloutier & Ahlberg, 1995; Dipnorhynchidae Berg, 1940; Dipteridae Owen, 1846; Dipteroidei Nikoski, 1954; Gnathorhizidae Miles, 1977; Hadronectoridae Lund & Lund, 1984; Hadronectoroidei Lund & Lund, 1984; Holodontidae Gorizdro-Kulczycka, 1950; Laugiidae Berg, 1940; Latimeroidei Schultze, 1993; Latimeriidae Berg, 1940; Lepidosirenidae Bonaparte, 1841; Mawsoniidae Schultze, 1993; Miguashaiidae Schultze, 1993; Neoceratodontidae Miles, 1977; Phaneropleuridae Huxley, 1861; Ptychoceradontidae; Rhabdodermatidae Berg, 1958; Rhynchodipteridae Berg, 1940; Sagenodontidae Jaekel, 1911; sarcopterygians; Sasseniidae Forey, 1998; Stomiahykidae Bernacsek, 1977; Uronemidae Traquair, 1890; Uronemoidei Nikolski, 1954; Whiteiidae Schultze, 1993;

Genera/Species: Alcoveria Beltan, 1972; Alcoveria brevis Beltan, 1972; Aphelodus Kemp, 1993a; Aphelodus anapes Kemp, 1993a; Archaeoceratodus Kemp, 1997a; Archaeoceratodus avuus (Woodward, 1906); Arganodus Martin, 1979; Arganodus atlantis Martin, 1979; Arganodus arganensis (Martin, 1979); Arganodus atlantis Martin, 1979; Arganodus dorothea (Case, 1921); Arganodus multicristatus Vorobyeva & Min’kh, 1968; Arganodus tiguidiensis Tabaste, 1963; Ariguna Kemo, 1994; Ariguna formosa Wade, 1935; Asiatoceratodus Vorobyeva, 1967; Asiatoceratodus sharovi Vorobyeva, 1967; Axelia Stensiš, 1921; Axelia elegans Stensiš, 1921; Axelia robusta Stensiš, 1921; Axelrodichthys Maisey, 1986; Axelrodichthys araripensis Maisey, 1986; Beltanodus Schultze, 1981a; Beltanodus ambilobensis Schultze, 1981a; Ceratodus Agassiz, 1838; Ceratodus acutus Priem, 1924; Ceratodus africanus Haug, 1905; Ceratodus americanus Knight, 1898; Ceratodus arenaceus Quenstedt, 1883; Ceratodus arganensis Martin, 1979; Ceratodus bovisrivi Linck, 1962; Ceratodus brasiliensis Souza, Cunha, & Ferreira, 1980; Ceratodus bucobaensis Min’kh, 1977; Ceratodus capensis Woodward, 1889; Ceratodus carinatus Schaal, 1984; Ceratodus concinnus Plieninger, 1844; Ceratodus diutinus Kemp, 1993b; Ceratodus elegans Vollrath, 1923; Ceratodus facetidans Chabakov, 1931; Ceratodus felchi Kirkland, 1987; Ceratodus formosus; Ceratodus frazieri Ostrom, 1970; Ceratodus guentheri Marsh, 1878; Ceratodus gustasoni Kirkland, 1987; Ceratodus heshanggoensis Cheng, 1980; Ceratodus hislopianus Oldham, 1859; Ceratodus humei Priem, 1914; Ceratodus hunterianus Oldham, 1859; Ceratodus iheringi Ameghino, 1906; Ceratodus jechartiensis Min’kh, 1977; Ceratodus kannenmeyeri Seeley, 1897; Ceratodus kaupi Agassiz, 1838; Ceratodus latissimus Schmidt, 1928; Ceratodus madagascariensis Priem, 1924; Ceratodus madelungi Volz, 1896; Ceratodus minor Liu & Yeh, 1957; Ceratodus minutus Haug, 1905; Ceratodus nageshawari Shah & Satsengi, 1970; Ceratodus orenburgensis Min’kh, 1977; Ceratodus ornatus Broom, 1909; Ceratodus paleoruncinatus Frentzen, 1924; Ceratodus parvus Agassiz, 1838; Ceratodus pectinatus Tabaste, 1963; Ceratodus planasper Linck, 1962; Ceratodus priscus Fraas, 1904; Ceratodus reticristatus Vorobyeva & Min’kh, 1968; Ceratodus robustus Knight, 1898; Ceratodus shenmuensis Liu & Yeh, 1960; Ceratodus (Tellerodus) sturi Teller, 1891; Ceratodus szechuanensis Young, 1942; Ceratodus tuberculatus Tabaste, 1963; Ceratodus youngi Liu & Yeh, 1960; Ceratodus yuanjiangensis Hubei (1977); Chinlea Schaeffer, 1967; Chinlea sorensi Schaeffer, 1967; Coccoderma Quenstedt, 1858; Coccoderma bavaricum Reis, 1888; Coccoderma gigas Reis, 1888; Coccoderma substriolatum Reis, 1888; Coccoderma suevicum (harlemensis) Quenstedt, 1858; Coelacanthus Agassiz, 1839; Coelacanthus banffensis Lambe, 1916; Coelacanthus evolutus Beltan, 1980; Coelacanthus gracilis Agassiz, 1844; 'Coelacanthus' lunzensis Reis, 1900; Coelacanthus minor Agassiz, 1844; Diplurus Newberry, 1878; Diplurus longicaudus Newberry, 1878; Diplurus newarki Bryant, 1934; Ferganoceratodus Nesov & Kaznyshkin, 1985; Ferganoceratodus jurassicus Nesov & Kazuyshkin, 1985; Garnbergia Martin & Wenz, 1984; Garnbergia ommata Martin & Wenz, 1984; Gnathorhiza Cope, 1883; Gnathorhiza bogdensis Min’kh, 1977; Gnathorhiza lozovskii Min’kh, 1977; Gnathorhiza otschevi Min’kh, 1977; Gnathorhiza triassica Min’kh, 1977; Gosfordia Woodward, 1890; Gosfordia truncata Woodward, 1890; Graphiurichthys White & Moy-Thomas, 1937; Graphiurichthys callopterus Knerr, 1866; Hainbergia granulata Schweizer, 1966; Heptanema Belloti, 1857; Heptanema paradoxum Belloti, 1857; Holophagus Egerton, 1861; Holophagus gulo Egerton, 1861; Indoceolacanthus Jain, 1974; Indoceolacanthus robustus Jain, 1974; Laugia Stensiš, 1932; Laugia groenlandica Stenisš, 1932; Lepidosiren Fitzinger, 1837; Lepidosiren paradoxa; Libys MŸnster, 1842; Libys polypterus (superbus) MŸnster, 1842; Lualabaea Saint-Seine, 1955; Lualabaea henryi Saint-Seine, 1955; Lualabaea lerichei Saint-Seine, 1955; Macropoma Agassiz, 1835; Macropoma mantelli = lewesiensis Mantell, 1822; Macropoma precursor Woodward, 1909; Macropoma speciosum Reuss, 1857; Macropoma willemosi Vetter, 1881; Macropomoides Woodward, 1942; Macropomoides orientalis Woodward, 1942; Mawsonia Woodward, 1907; Mawsonia gigas Woodward, 1907; Mawsonia lavocati Tabaste, 1963; Mawsonia libyca Weiler, 1935; Mawsonia tegamensis Wenz, 1975; Mawsonia ubangiana Casier, 1961; Megalocoelacanthus Schwimmer, Stewart, & Williams, 1994; Megalocoelacanthus dobei Schwimmer, Stewart, & Williams, 1994; Metaceratodus Chapman, 1914; Metaceratodus ellioti Kemp, 1997b; Metaceratodus wollastoni Chapman, 1914; Microceratodus Teixeira, 1954; Microceratodus angolensis Teixeira, 1949; Mioceratodus Kemp, 1992; Moenkopia Schaeffer & Gregory, 1961; Moenkopia wellesi Schaeffer & Gregory, 1961; Mylacanthus Stensiš, 1921; Mylacanthus lobatus Stensiš, 1921; Mylacanthus spinosus Stensiš, 1921; Namatozodia Kemp, 1993a; Namatozodia pitikanta Kemp, 1993a; Nematozodia; Neoceratodus forsteri; Neoceratodus nargun Kemp, 1983; Paraceratodus Lehman, Chateau, Laurain, & Nauche, 1959; Paraceratodus germaini Lehman, Chateau, Laurain, & Nauche, 1959; Piveteauia Lehman, 1952; Piveteauia madagascarensis Lehman, 1952; Protopterus protopteroides Tabaste, 1963; Protopterus regulatus Schall, 1984; Ptychoceratodus Jaekel, 1926; Ptychoceratodus donensis Vorobyeva & Min’kh, 1968; Ptychoceratodus gracilis Vorobyeva & Min’kh, 1968; Ptychoceratodus philippsi Agassiz, 1838; Ptychoceratodus rectangulus Linck, 1936; Ptychoceratodus serratus Agassiz, 1838; Rhabdoderma Reis, 1888; Rhabdoderma madagascariense Woodward, 1910; Rhipis Saint-Seine, 1950; Rhipis tuberculatus Casier, 1965; Sassenia Stensiš, 1921; Sassenia groenlandica Forey, 1998; Sassenia guttata Stensiš, 1921; Sassenia tuberculata Stensiš, 1921; Scleracanthus asper Stensiš, 1921; Sinocoelacanthus Liu, 1964; Sinocoelacanthus fengshanensis Liu, 1964; Synaptotylus; Tellerodus Lehman 1976; Tellerodus sturi; Ticinepomis Rieppel, 1980; Ticinepomis peyeri Rieppel, 1980; Trachymetopon Hennig, 1951; Trachymetopon liassicum Hennig, 1951; Undina MŸnster, 1834; Undina acutidens Reis, 1888; Undina barroviensis Woodward, 1890; Undina cirinensis Thiollire, 1854; Undina grandis Eastman, 1914; Undina penicillata MŸnster, 1834; Undina picena Costa, 1862; Undina purbeckensis Woodward, 1916; Whiteia Moy-Thomas, 1935; Whiteia africanus Broom, 1909; Whiteia nielseni Forey, 1998; Whiteia tuberrculata Moy-Thomas, 1935; Whiteia woodwardi Moy-Thomas, 1935; Winmania Stensiš, 1921; Winmania multistriata Stensiš, 1921; Winmania sinuosa Stensiš, 1921;

Formation: Newark Supergroup

COUNTRY: Spitsbergan; Greenland; Madagascar; USA: between Connecticut and North Carolina; Germany; France; Germany; Morocco; Niger; Congo; Egypt; Sweden; India; England; Australia; South America: Bolivia; Brazil; China; Canada; Italy; Switzerland; Austria; Turkey; Congo; Czechoslovakia; Lebanon; Uzbekistan; Kirghizia; Russia; Thailand; Angola; Algeria;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P. 2005. Nomenclature and homologizations of cranial bones in Actinopterygians. pp. 227-228. IN: Poyato-Ariza, Francisco JosŽ (editor). Extended Abstracts. Fourth International Meeting on Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics, Homology, and Nomenclature. Ediciones Universidad Aut—noma de Madrid. Miraflores de la Sierra, Madrid, Spain August 8th-14th, 2005. 310 pp.

MFNA;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: actinopterygians; sarcopterygians;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P.; Arratia, G. 1989. The composition of the caudal skeleton of teleosts (Actinopterygil: Osteichthyes). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol. 97: 189-231

MFNA-T, MFNA-JE, MFNA-JL, MFNA-C,

Geologic Age: Triassic; Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Late Lias); Cretaceous;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygian; halecostome actinopterygians; pholidophorids, amiids, leptolepiforms;

Genera/Species: Allothrissops mesogaster (Agassiz); Allothrissops; Anaethalion cf. subovatus; Anaethalion; Ascalabos voithii (von MŸnster); Atacamichthys; Australosomus; Boreosomus; Caturus heterurus (Agassiz); Caturus; Daitingichthys; Dapaedium sp.; Diplomystus longicostatus; Domeykos profetaensis Arratia & Schultze; Eurycormus; Gaudryella; Hulettia; Humbertia operta; Humbertia; Ionoscopus cyprinoides (Wagner); Leptolepides sprattiformis (de Blainville); Leptolepis coryphaenoides (Bronn); 'Leptolepis' macrophthalmus Egerton; Leptolepis normandica Nybelin; Leptolepis talbragarensis; Lycoptera davidi; Lycoptera middendorffi MŸller; Orthogonikleitrus leichi Arratia; Pholidolepis; Pholidophoropsis; Pholidophorus bechei Agassiz; Pingolepis polyurocentralis Chang & Chou; Pingolepis; Pleuropholis; Proleptolepis; Protoclupea chilensis; Pteronisculus; Tharsis dubius (de Blainville); Tharsis; Thrissops formosus; Todiltia schoewei (Dunkle); Urocles lepidotus; Varasichhys ariasi; Arratia;

COUNTRY: France; Europe; Central America; South America; China; Germany, Chile;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P.; Enciso, G. 1983. Middle Jurassic age of the fish-bearing horizon in the Canon City embayment, Colorado. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 57: 1053-1060

MFNA-JM-WI;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Middle;

Genera/Species: Hulettia americana (Eastman, 1899a); "Leptolepis" schowei Dunkle, 1942; "Pholidophorus" americanus Eastman, 1899a; Todiltia schowei (Dunkle, 1942);

Formation: Sundance Fm.; Wanakah Fm.;

COUNTRY: USA: Colorado, New Mexico, South Dakota, Wyoming,

 

 

Schultze, H.-P.; Fuchs, D.; Giersch, S.; Ifrims, C.; Stinnebecks, W. 2010. Palaeoctopus pelagicus from the Turonian of Mexico reinterpreted as a Coelacanth (Sarcopterygian) gular plate. Palaeontology. Vol. 53(3: 689-694

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinistia Cope, 1871; Latimerioidei Schultze, 1993; Mawsoniidae Schultze, 1993; Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955;

Genera/Species: Axelrodichthys; Chinlea; Diplurus; Diplurus newarki (Bryant, 1934); Mawsonia; Megaloceolacanthus; Palaeoctopus pelagicus; Undina;

Formation: Crato Fm.; Niobrara Chalk Fm.;

COUNTRY: Brazil; Mexico; USA: Kansas;

 

 

Schultze, Hans-Peter; Hampe, Oliver 2001. Fossile Knochenfische in der Philatelie. fossilien Zeitschrift fŸr HobbypalŠontologen. Vol. 4(Juli/August): 240-247

MFNA-T, MFNA-J, MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic; Jurassic-Jurassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Neopterygii; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Perleidus; Semionotide; Dapedium; Caturus; Macromesodon; Lepidotus; Vinctifer; Enchodus; Pycnosteroides;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P.; Stewart, J. D.; Neuner, A. W.; Coldiron, R. W. 1982. Type and figured specimens of fossil vertebrates in the collection of the University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Part 1: Fossil fishes. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publication. Vol. 73: 1-53

MFNA-J; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-TU; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Anguillavid¾ Hay, 1903; Anguilliformes Goodrich, 1909; Anguilloidei Berg, 1940; Aulopiformes Rosen, 1973; Ceratodontidae Gill, 1872; Chimaeridae Rafinesque, 1815; Cimolichthyidae Goody, 1969; Cretoxyrhinidae GlŸckman, 1958; Crossognathidae Woodward, 1901; Dercetidae Cope, 1878; Dipnoi MŸller, 1845; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838; Elopiformes Greenwood et al., 1966; Elopoidei Jordan, 1923; Enchodontidae Woodward, 1901; Ginglymodi Cope, 1872; Halecomorphi Cope, 1871; Halecostomi Regan, 1923; Ichthyodectidae Crook, 1892; Ichthyodectiformes Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969; Ichthyodectoidei Romer, 1966; Lepisosteidae Cuvier, 1825; Leptolepididae Nicholson & Lydekker, 1889; Leptolepiformes Goodrich, 1930; Neopterygii Regan, 1923; Neoteleostei Nelson, 1969; Osteoglossiformes Greenwood, 1963; Osteoglossoidei Greenwood, 1963; Pachycormiformes Berg, 1940; Pachyrhizodontidae Cope, 1872; Paracanthopterygii Greenwood et al., 1966; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Polymixiidae Gill, 1862; Polymixiiformes Rosen & Patterson, 1969; Protosphyraenidae Nicholson & Lydekker, 1889; Ptychodontidae Hay, 1902; Pycnodontidae Owen, 1846; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1940; Saurocephalidae Cope, 1871; Teleostei MŸller, 1846; Urenchelidae Regan, 1912;

Genera/Species: Ananogmius White & Moy-Thomas, 1940; Anguillavus Hay, 1903; Anguillavus hackberryensis Martin, 1922; Anogmius Cope, 1877; Anogmius evolutus Cope, 1877; Anogmius polymicrodus Stewart, 1899d [sic Schultze, Stewart, Neuner, & Coldiron, 1982, p. 33]; Apsopelix Cope, 1871; Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon, 1850); Apsopelix sauriformis Cope, 1870; Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Bananogmius evolutus (Cope, 1877); Beryx multidentatus Stewart, 1898d; Beryx polymicrodus Stewart, 1898d; Ceratodus Agassiz, 1838; Cimolichthys Leidy, 1857; Cimolichthys nepaholica (Cope, 1872); Coelodus Heckel, 1856; Coelodus brownii Cope, 1894; Coelodus stantoni Williston, 1900; Coelodus streckeri Hibbard, 1939; Corax falcatus Agassiz; Daptinus Cope, 1873; Daptinus broadheadi Stewart, 1898; Empo lisbonensis Stewart, 1899c, p. 111; Empo nepaeolica Cope; Empo nepaholica Cope, 1872; Empo semianceps Cope; Enchodus Agassiz, 1835; Enchodus amicrodus Stewart, 1898d; Enchodus dirus (Leidy, 1857); Enchodus dolichus Cope, 1875; Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872a); Enchodus parvus Stewart, 1898d, p. 192; Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874; Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856; Eurychir Jordan, 1924; Eurychir lindleyi Jordan, 1924, p. 232; Ferrifrons Jordan, 1924; Ferrifrons rugosus Jordan, 1924; Gillicus Hay, 1898; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope, 1875); Ichthyodectes Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes acanthicus Cope, 1877; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1972 [sic Schultze, Stewart, Neuner, & Coldiron, 1982, p. 26]; Ichthyodectes cruentis Hay, 1898; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes hamatus Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes parvus Stewart, 1900; Ichthypriapus Hibbard, 1942; Ichthypriapus hubbsi Hibbard, 1942; Kansanus Jordan, 1924; Kansanus martini Jordan, 1924, p. 226; Lamna; Lamna appendiculata; Lamniospondylus Springer, 1957; Lamniospondylus transversus Springer, 1957; Lepisosteus La CŽpde, 1803; Leptecodon Williston, 1899; Leptecodon rectus Williston, 1899a, p. 113; Leptolepis Agassiz, 1832; Leptolepis schoewei Dunkle, 1942, p. 62; Leptichthys Stewart, 1899e; Leptichthys agilis Stewart, 1899e, p. 78; Luxilites Jordan, 1924; Luxilites striolatus Jordan, 1924; Martinichthys McClung, 1926; Martinichthys acutus McClung, 1926, p. 25; Martinichthys alternatus McClung, 1926, p. 26; Martinichthys brevis McClung, 1926, p. 21; Martinichthys gracilis McClung, 1926, p. 26; Martinichthys intermedius McClung, 1926, p. 26; Martinichthys latus McClung, 1926, p. 21; Martinichthys ziphioides (Cope, 1877); Micropycnodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1945; Micropycnodon kansasensis (Hibbard & Graffham, 1941); Niobrara Jordan, 1924; Niobrara encarsia Jordan, 1924; Omosoma Costa, 1857; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976, p. 356; Pachyrhizodus Dixon, 1859; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus latimentum? Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874; Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart, 1899b; Pachyrhizodus velox Stewart, 1898d; Portheus Cope, 1871; Portheus Lowii Stewart, 1898a; Protosphyraena Leidy, 1857; Protosphyraena bentoniana Stewart, 1898a; Protosphyraena gigas Stewart, 1899c; Protosphyraena gladius (Cope, 1873); Protosphyraena occidentalis Stewart, 1900; Protosphyraena penetrans (Cope, 1877); Protosphyraena pernicosa (Cope, 1874); Protosphyraena recurvirostis Stewart, 1898d; Protosphyraena tenuis Loomis, 1900; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus anonymous Williston, 1900a; Ptychodus martini Williston, 1900; Ptychodus mortoni Mantell, 1842; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868; Ptychodus polygyrus Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus whipplei Marcou, 1858; Pycnomicrodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1941; Pycnomicrodon kansasensis Hibbard & Graffham, 1941, p. 72; Saurocephalus Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus dentatus Stewart, 1898a; Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824; Saurodon Hays, 1830; Saurodon broadheadi (Stewart, 1898); Saurodon feroxi Stewart, 1898c; Saurodon leanus Hay, 1830; Saurodon Phlebotomus Cope; Saurodon xiphirostris Stewart, 1898c; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Stratodus Cope, 1872; Stratodus apicalis Cope, 1872; Thrissopater intestinalis Moody, 1910, p. 281; Urenchelys Woodward, 1900; Urenchelys abditus Wiley & Stewart, 1981, p. 44; Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus brachygnathus Stewart, 1899c; Xiphactinus lestero Stewart, 1898b; Xiphactinus lowii Sewart, 1898a; Zanclites Jordan, 1924, p. 224; Zanclites xenurus Jordan, 1924, p. 224;

Formation: Carlile Shale Fm.; Graneros Shale Fm.; Greenhorn Limestone; Kiowa Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Pierre Shale Fm.; Smoky Hill Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Colorado; Kansas; Texas;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P.; Stšhr, D. 1996. Vinctifer (Pisces, Aspidorhynchidae) aus der Unterkriede (oberes Aptium) von Kolumbien. N. Jb. Geol. PalŠont. Abh. Vol. 199(3): 395-415

MFNA-CE

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Aspidorhnychidae

Genera/Species: Vinctifer; Aspidorhynchus acutirostris (Blainville, 1818); Belonostomus muensteri Agassiz, 1834; Vinctifer comptoni (Agassiz, 1834);

Formation: Paja Fm.

COUNTRY: Mexico; Australia; Antarctica; Australia; Colombia;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P.; Wiley, E. O. 1984. The neopterygian Amia as a living fossil. pp. 153-159. IN: Eldredge, N.; Stanley, S. M. (eds.). Living fossils. Casebooks in Earth Sciences. Berlin. Springer Verlag

MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: neopterygian

Genera/Species: Amia

 

 

Schultze, H.P. 1994. Comparison of hypotheses on the relationships of Sarcopterygians. Systematic Biology. Vol. 43(2): 155-173

MFNA

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Sarcopterygians

 

 

Schwarzhans, W. 1996. Otoliths from the Maastrichtian of Bavaria and their evolutionary significance. pp. 417-432. IN: Arratia, G.; Viohl, G. (eds.). Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics and Paleoecology. Proceedings of the international meeting EichstŠtt, 1993. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.MŸnchen, Germany. 576 pp.

MFNA-CL,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acropomatidae; Albulidae; Anguilliformes; Antigoniidae; Argentinidae; Argentinoidei; Ariidae; Bathyclupeiformes; Bathyclupeidae; Bathylagidae; Beryciformes; Berycidae; Berycoidei; Bythitidae; Chlorophthalmidae; Congridae; Diretmidae; Elopiformes; Gonostomatidae; Holocentridae; Holocentroidei; Isozenidae; Lampridiformes; Merlucciidae; Myctophiformes; Myctophidae; Myctophoidei; Myripristidae; Neoscopelidae; Ophiiiformes; Ophichthiidae; Ophiidae; Osteoglossiformes; Perciformes; Percoidei; Polymixiidae; Pomadasyidae; Pterothrissidae; Salmoniformes; Scorpaeniformes; Serranidae; Siluriformes; Sparidae; Sternoptychidae; Stomiiformes; Stromateidae; Trachichthyidae; Veliferidae; Zeiformes;

Genera/Species:  Alaconger triquetrus;  Ampheristus bavaricus;  Ampheristus brevicauda; Archaulopus;  Archaulopus acutus; Argentina voigti; Argyroberyx dentatus; Auriculithus;  Bavariconger pollerspoecki;  Bavariscopelus bispinosus; Beauryia medialis; Bidenichthys crepidatus; Chlorophthalmus cretaceous; Chlorophthalmus transitus; Diretmus primus; Hildbrandia piger;  Isozen;  Isozen beateae;  Plesiopoma otiosa;  Protobathlagus effusus;  Protobythites brzobohatyi; Pterrothrissus sp.;  Pterpalbula rochowi;  Pollerspoeckia siegsdorfensis;  Sillaginocentrus alienus;  Pfeilichthys pfeili;  Traubiella anagoformis;

Formation: Gerhartsreiter Graben;

COUNTRY: DEUTSCHLAND: Bavaria; Maryland, Mississippi, USA;

 

 

Schwimmer, D.; Williams, G. 2003. New fossil of the largest known coelacanth, from the Late Cretaceous of southeastern USA. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 23(Supplement to Number 3): 95A

MFNA-CL-GA

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: coelacanth

Genera/Species: Megalocoelacanthus dobiei;

Formation: Blufftown Fm.;

COUNTRY: USA: eastern Alabama;

 

 

Schwimmer, D. R. 1981. A distinctive Upper Cretaceous fauna, 3-4 meters below the Blufftown-Cusseta contact in the Chattahoochee River valley. p. 81-88. IN: Reinhardt, J.; Gibson, T. G. Upper Cretaceous and Lower Tertiary geology of the Chatahoochee River Valley, western Georgia and eastern Alabama. Georgia Geological Society

MFNA-CL-GA

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Formation: Blufftown Fm., Cusseta Fm.

COUNTRY: USA: western Georgia and eastern Alabama

 

 

Schwimmer, D. R. 1986. Late Cretaceous fossils from the Blufftown Formation (Campanian) in western Georgia. The Mosasaur. The Journal of the Delaware Valley Paleontological Society. Vol. 3: 109-123, 2 plates

MFNA-CL-GA

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian

Formation: Blufftown Formation

COUNTRY: USA: western Georgia

 

 

Schwimmer, D. R.; Hooks, G. E., III,; Johnson, B. 2002. Revised taxonomy, age, and geographic range of the large lamniform shark Cretodus semiplicatus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 22(3): 704-707

MFNA-CL-GA

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Cretoxyrhinidae Glikman, 1958;

Genera/Species: Cretodus Sokolov, 1965; Cretodus crassidens; Cretodus semiplicatus (MŸnster In: Agassiz, 1843); Lamna semiplicata; Lamna sulcata; Leptostyrax crassidens; Leptostyrax semiplicatus; Otodus crassus; Otodus divaricatus; Otodus micohoni; Otodus semiplicatus Agassiz, 1843; Oxyrhina crassidens; Plicatolamna semiplicata; Scyliorhynchus rugosus;

Formation: Tombigbee Sand Member; Eutaw Fm.;

COUNTRY: USA: Alabama; Georgia;

 

 

Schwimmer, D. R.; Stewart, J. D.; Williams, D. 1994. Giant fossil coelacanths from the Late Cretaceous in the eastern United States. Geology. Vol. 22: 503-506

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic; Jurassic-Jurassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinistia; Coelacanthidae; Coelacanthiformes; Coelacanthini;

Genera/Species: Axelrodichthys; Chinlea; Diplurus; Holophagus; Macropoma; Mawsonia; Megalocoelacanthus Schwimmer, Stewart, & Williams, 1994, pp. 503-504; Megalocoelacanthus dobiei Schwimmer, Stewart, & Williams, 1994, p. 504;

Formation: Blufftown Fm.; Eutaw Fm.; Marshalltown Fm.; Mooreville Fm.; Navesink (sic Schwimmer, Stewart, & Williams, 1994, p. 505) Fm.;

COUNTRY: BRAZIL; DENMARK; NORTH AFRICA; USA: Alabama; Georgia; New Jersey; U.K.: England;

 

 

Schwimmer, D. R.; Stewart, J. D.; Williams, G. D. 1997. Scavenging by sharks of the genus Squalicorax in the Late Cretaceous of North America. Palaios. Vol. 12(1): 71-83

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Genera/Species: Squalicorax

COUNTRY: North America

 

 

Schwimmer, D. R.; Stewart, J. D.; Williams, G. D. 1997. Xiphactinus vetus and the distribution of Xiphactinus species in the eastern United States. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 17(3): 610-615

MFNA-CL, MFNA-CL-KC, MFNA-CL-GA,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Ichthyodectidae;

Genera/Species: Xiphactinus; Portheus; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Portheus molossus Cope, 1871; Xiphactinus (Polygonodon)vetus (Leidy, 1856);

Formation: Austin Chalk; Lower Pierre shale; Sharon Springs Member; Pembina Member; Niobrara chalk; Demopolis Fm.; Naversink Fm.; Blufftown Fm.; Marshalltown Fm.; Black River Fm.; Mount Laurel Fm.;

COUNTRY: USA: Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming; CANADA: Manitoba,

 

 

Schwimmer, D. R.; Stutts, D. J. 1984. Cretaceous vertebrates from marine strata of the Georgia Coastal Plain. Georgia Journal of Science. Vol. 42: 21-22

MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

COUNTRY: USA: Georgia

 

 

Seilacher, A. 1948. Another ancient elasmobranch (Phoebodus keuperinus n. sp.) from the Gipskeuper of WŸrttemberg. {Ein weiterer altertumlicher Elasmobranchier (Phoebodus keuperinus, n.sp.) aus dem wurttembergischen Gipskeuper}. Neues Jahrbuch fŸr Mineralogie, Geologie und PalŠontologie, Monatshefte, Abteilung B. Vol. 1948: 24

MFNA-T

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cladodontidae

Genera/Species: Phoebodus Brodiei Woodward, 1893; Phoebodus keuperinus Sielacher, 1948;

Formation: translation: A. Hungerbuhler; Gipskeuper, Germany

COUNTRY: Germany; New Zealand;

 

 

Selezneva, A. A. 1988. New information on Tungusichthys (Actinopterygii). Paleontological Journal. Vol. 22(3): 114-119. [translated from Selezneva, A. A. 1988. Novoye o Tungusichthys (Actinopterygii). Paleont. zhur. no. 3, pp. 111-115]

MFNA-TE

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Early

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Perleidiformes, Tungusichthyidae Berg, 1941

Genera/Species: Tungusichthys acentrophoroides Berg, 1941

Formation: Bugariktinskaya Fm.

COUNTRY: Russia

 

 

Sellwood, B.W.; Price, G.D.; Valdes, P.J. 1994. Cooler estimates of Cretaceous temperatures. Nature. Vol. 370(6489): 453-455

MFNA-C,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

 

 

Sempere, T.; Aguilera, E.; Doubinger, J.; Janvier, P.; Lobo, J.; Oller, J.; Wenz, S. 1992. La formation de Vitacua (Permien moyen ˆ supŽrieur — Trias ?infŽrieur, Bolivie du Sud): stratigraphie, palynologie et palŽontologie. N. Jb. Geol. Pal‰ont. Abh. Vol. 185(2): 239-253

MFNA-TE,

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Early;

COUNTRY: Bolivia

 

 

Senn, D. G. 1996. Environments and functional anatomy of certain Mesozoic fishes. pp. 551-554. IN: Arratia, G.; Viohl, G. (eds.). Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics and Paleoecology. Proceedings of the international meeting EichstŠtt, 1993. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. MŸnchen, Germany. 576 pp.

MFNA; MFNA-J;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Holosteans; Pholidophoridae; Leptolepidae; Pachycormiformes; Amiiformes; Coelacanthidae; Macrosemiidae; Macrosemiiformes; Pycnodontiformes;

Genera/Species: Aspidorhynchus; Asthenocormus; Asterodermus; Caturus; Coccoderma nudum; Eomesodon; Gyrodus; Gyronchus; Heterodontus; Histionotus; Holophagus penicillatus; Hypsocormus; Leptolepis; Macrosemius; Mesturus verrucosus; Notagogus; Orthocormus; Pholidophorus; Propterus; Propterus elongatus; Pseudorhina; Squatina;

Formation: Solnhofen;

 

 

Shainin, V. E. 1943. New coelacanth fishes from the Triassic of New Jersey. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 17: 271-275, 4 figs., 2 pls.

MFNA-TL-NS

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Coelacanthini

COUNTRY: USA: New Jersey

 

 

Shaler, Nathaniel Southgate; Woodworth, Jay Backus 1899. Geology of Richmond basin, Va. 19. Ann. Rept. U. S. Geol. Surv. 1897-98 (1899). Vol. pt. 2: 431-434. Pls. & figs.

MFNA-TL-NS

Geologic Age: Triassic- Triassic Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Genera/Species: Contains description of Triassic fish-beds of the Virginia coalfield.

COUNTRY: USA: Virginia

 

 

Shen, M. 1990. Fossil osteoglossomorphs (teleost fish) in China and their zoogeographical implication. IN: Wiley, T.J.; Howell, D.G.; Wong, F.L. (eds.). Terrane Analysis of China and the Pacific Rim. Houston. Circum-Pacific Council for Energy & Mineral Resources, Earth Sciences Series. Vol. 13: 223-226

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteoglossidae; Hiodontidae

Genera/Species: Lycoptera; Plesiolycoptera; Paralycoptera; Tonxingichthys; Phareodus;

COUNTRY: Asia; North America; Australia; South America; Africa;

 

 

Shen, Mei 1996. Fossil "osteoglossomorphs" from East Asia and their implications for teleostean phylogeny. pp. 261-272. IN: Arratia, G.; Viohl, G. (eds.). Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics and Paleoecology. Proceedings of the international meeting EichstŠtt, 1993. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.MŸnchen, Germany. 576 pp.

MFNA-JL, MFNA-CE, MFNA-CL,

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteoglossomorpha; Ichthyodectiformes; Elopomorpha; Euteleostei; Clupeomorpha;

Genera/Species:  Allothrissops mesogaster;  Changichthys Su, 1991;  Chirocentrites;  Chuhsiungichthys;  Huashia Chang & Chou, 1977;  Jiaohichthys Ma, 1983;  Kuntulunia Liu et ali;  Leptolepis coryphaenoides;  Lycoptera MŸller, 1848;  Paralycoptera Chang & Chou, 1977;  Pholidophorus bechei;  Plesiolycoptera Chang & Chou, 1976;  Pulinia Ma, 1983;  Tanichthys Jin, 1991;  Tanolepis;  Tongxinichthys Ma, 1980;  Varasichthys;  Yanbiania Li, 1987;

Formation: , Dalinghe Fm.; Yongkang Fm.; Heshangpu Fm.; Jingchuan Fm.; Baojiatun Fm.; Kuyang Fm.; Matongshan Fm.; Liwaxia Fm.; Yaojia Fm.; Fenshuiling Fm.; Dalazi Fm.;

COUNTRY: East Asia; North China; Siberia; North America; Inner Mongolia;

 

 

Shen, M.; Jin, F.; Zhang, J. 1991. The interrelationships of Huashiidae (Teleostei) and its implication on systematics. Vertebrata PalAsiatica. Vol. 29(4): 245-263

MFNA

Geologic Age: Mesozoic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteoglossomorpha; Huashiidae; Ichthyodectiformes; Lycopteridae; Osteoglossomorpha;

Genera/Species: Chirocentrus; Leptolepis; Leptolepis coryphaenoides; Lycoptera tungi; Pholidophorus; Pholidophorus bechei; Pterothrissus;

 

 

Shimada, K. 1994. Paleobiology of the Late Cretaceous shark, Cretoxyrhina mautelli (Lamniformes: Cretoxyrhinidae), from Kansas. Fort Hays, KS. Fort Hays State University. M.Sc. thesis.

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Lamniformes: Cretoxyrhinidae

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mautelli

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1994. Occurrence of Ptychodus whipplei in Kansas and its potential diet. (ABSTRACT) p. 35 IN: Abstracts of papers presented at the 126th Kansas Academy of Science annual meeting, Topeka, Kansas, April 7-8, 1994. Vol. 13

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Genera/Species: Ptychodus decurrens Agassiz, 1835; Ptychodus whipplei Marcou, 1858; Ptychodus anonymus Williston, 1900;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Greenhorn Limestone; Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1994. Jaws of the Late Cretaceous shark, Squalicorax kaupi, from Western Kansas. (ABSTRACT).p. 393 IN: ICVM-4 Abstracts, Journal of Morphology. Vol. 220: p. 393

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae

Genera/Species: Squalicorax; Squalicorax kaupi;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1995. Skeletal anatomy of the Late Cretaceous shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 15(Supplement to No. 3): 53A

MFNA

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli

 

 

Shimada, K. 1996. Gigantic lamniform shark vertebra from the Kiowa shale (Lower Cretaceous) of Kansas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 16(Supplement to Number 3): 65A

MFNA-CE-WI,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Lamniformes

Formation: Kiowa shale

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1996. Selachians from the Fort Hays Limestone Member of the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous), Ellis County, Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 99(1-2): 1-15

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Alopiidae Bonaparte, 1838; Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Cretoxyrhinidae Gluckman, 1958; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838; Euselachii Hay, 1902; Superorder Galeomorphii Compagno, 1973; Hybodontoidea Zangerl, 1981; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Mitsukurinidae Jordan, 1898; Neoselachii Compagno, 1977; Ptychodontidae Jaekel, 1898; Selachians;

Genera/Species: Cretolamna Gluckman, 1958; Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1835); Cretoxyrhina Gluckman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Enchodus; Gillicus arcuatus; Micropycnodon kansasensis; Paranomotodon Herman, 1975; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1838; Ptychodus mortoni Agassiz, 1843; cf. Scapanorhynchus Woodward, 1889; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843);

Formation: Fort Hays Limestone; Niobrara Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas; Texas; Western Europe;

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Paleoecological relationships of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz). Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 71(5): 926-933

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cretoxyrhinidae; Lamniformes;

Genera/Species: Cretolamna; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz); Ichthyodectes ctenodon; Protosphyraena nitida; Squalicorax; Squalicorax falcatus; Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Dentition of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from the Niobrara Chalk of Kansas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 17(2): 269-279

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: lamniform

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Gigantic lamnoid shark vertebra from the Lower Cretaceous Kiowa Shale of Kansas. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 71(3): 522-524

MFNA-CE-WI

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Santonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cretoxyrhinidae Gluckman, 1958; Elasmobranchii; Lamnidae; Lamniformes; Osteichthyes;

Genera/Species: Cretolamna; Cretolamna appendiculata; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Leptostryrax; Leptostryrax macrorhiza; Squatina;

Formation: Kiowa Shale

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas: Clark County, Clark State Fishing Lake

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Periodic marker bands in vertebral centra of the Late Cretaceous Lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli. Copeia. Vol. 1997(1): 233-235

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Lamniformes

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Shark-Tooth-Bearing Coprolite from the Carlile Shale (Upper Cretaceous), Ellis County, Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 100(3-4): 133-138

MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Genera/Species: Bananogmius; Cretodus; Cretolamna; Enchodus; Ptychodus; Ptychodus anonymous Williston; Ptychodus decurrens Agassiz; Ptychodus whipplei Marcou; Scapanorhynchus; Squalicorax;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Graneros Shale;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Skeletal anatomy of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from the Niobrara Chalk in Kansas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 17(4): 642-652

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late Coniacian/Santonian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cretoxyrhinidae; Lamniformes; Lamnidae;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Oxyrhina Agassiz, 1843;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Stratigraphic record of the Late Cretaceous Lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz), in Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 100(3-4): 139-149

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian/Turonian;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz)

Formation: Fairport Chalk; Fort Hays Limestone; Graneros Shale; Jetmore Chalk; Lincoln Limestone; Pfeifer Shale; Smoky Hill Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 2000. Skeletal anatomy of the Late Cretaceous shark, Squalicorax falcatus. (ABSTRACT). p. 69a. IN: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 20(Supplement to Number 3): p. 69A

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Genera/Species: Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 2005. Skeletal and dental anatomy of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretalamna (=Cretolamna) appendiculata. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 25((supplement to Number 3): 114A-115A

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Lamniformes;

Genera/Species: Cretalamna appendiculata; Cretolamna; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz)

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 2006. Marine vertebrates from the Blue Hill shale Member of the Carlile Shale (Upper Cretaceous: Middle Turonian) in Kansas. pp. 165-176. IN: Lucas, S. G.; Sullivan, R. M. (eds.). Late Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior. New Mexico Bulletin of Natural History and Science Bulletin. Vol. 35

MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late Turonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Actinopterygii; Aulopiformes Rosen, 1973; Chondrichthyes; Cretoxyrhinidae Glickman, 1958; Elasmobranchii; Enchodontidae Woodward, 1901; Enchodontoidei Berg, 1940; Euselachii; Ichthyodectidae Crook, 1892; Ichthyodectiformes Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Mitsukurindae Jordan, 1898; Neopterygii; Neoselachii; Osteichthyes; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Ptychodontidae Jaekel, 1898; Pycnodontidae Agassiz, 1833; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1937 (sic Shimada, 2006, p. 168); Teleostei; Tselfatiformes Nelson, 1994;

Genera/Species: Anomoeodus Forir, 1887; Anomoeodus barberi Hussakof, 1947; Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Bananogmius arcatus (Cope, 1877); Bananogmius ellisensis Fielitz & Shimada, 1999; Cretodus Sokolov, 1965; Cretodus crassidens (Dixon, 1850); Cretodus semiplicatus (MŸnster IN: Agassiz, 1843); Cretolamna Glickman, 1958; Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843); Enchodus Agassiz, 1835; Enchodus dirus (Leidy, 1857); Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872); Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874; Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856d; Hadrodus Leidy, 1857; Hadrodus hewletti (Applegate, 1970); Hadrodus priscus Leidy, 1857; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1835; Ptychodus anonymus Williston, 1900a; Ptychodus whipplei Marcou, 1858; Scapanorhynchus; Scapanorhynchus raphiodon; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus vetus Leidy, 1856a;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K. 2008. New anacoracid shark from Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Chalk of Western Kansas, U.S.A. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 28(4): 1189-1194

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838; Euselachii Hay, 1902; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Neoselachii Compagno, 1977;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Lamna; Pseudocorax; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax baharijensis (Stršmer, 1927); Squalicorax bassanni (Gammellaro, 1920); Squalicorax curvatus (Williston, 1900); Squalicorax falcatus; Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax microserratodon Shimada, 2008, p. 1189; Squalicorax pawpawensis Siverson, Lindgren, & Kelley, 2007; Squalicorax priscoserratus Siverson, Lindgren, & Kelley, 2007; Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis (Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971); Squalicorax yangaensis (Dartevelle & Casier, 1943);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk; Smoky Hill Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Bell, Jr., G. L. 2006. Coniasaurus Owen, 1850 (Reptilia: Squamata), from the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Chalk of western Kansas. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 80(3): 589-593

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Holocentridae; Plethodidae; Pycnodontiformes;

Genera/Species: Apateodus; Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon); Caproberyx; Cimolichthys nepaholica (Cope); Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz); Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz); Enchodus gladiolus (Cope); Enchodus petrosus Cope; Enchodus shumardi Leidy; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope); Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope; Laminospondylus transversus Springer; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope; Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart; Paraliodesmus guadagnii Dunkle; Protosphyraena gladius (Cope); Protosphyraena tenuis (Loomis); Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche); Ptychodus mortoni Mantell; Saurodon leanus Hays; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz); Stratodus apicalis; Trachichthyoides; Urechelys abditus wiley & Stewart; Xiphactinus audax Leidy;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Dakota Fm.; Graneros Shale; Greenhorn Limestone; Niobrara Fm.; Pierre Shale; Smoky Hill Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas; South Dakota; Texas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Cicimurri, D. J. 2001. The total length of the Late Cretaceous shark, Squalicorax (Anacoracidae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Abstracts of Papers. 61st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Museum of the Rockies Montana State University Bozeman, Montana October 3-6, 2001. Vol. 21(Supplement to Number 3.): 101A

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae

Genera/Species: Squalicorax Whitley; Squalicorax falcatus; Squalicorax kaupi; Squalicorax pristodontus;

COUNTRY: USA: western interior marine deposits of North America

 

 

Shimada, K.; Cicimurri, D. J. 2005. Skeletal anatomy of the Late Cretaceous shark, Squalicorax (Neoselachii: Anacoracidae). PalŠontologische Zeitschrift. Vol. 79(2): 241-261

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae; Carcharhiniformes; Cretoxyrhinidae; Hexanchiformes; Lamniformes; Neoselachii; Orectolobiformes;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Microcorax Cappetta & Case, 1975; Paracorax Cappetta, 1977; Pseudocorax Priem, 1897; Squalicorax; Squalicorax baharijensis (Stršmer, 1927); Squalicorax curvatus (Williston, 1900); Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis (Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk; Pierre Shale;

COUNTRY: U.S.A.: Kansas; South Dakota; Texas; Wyoming;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Cicimurri, D. J. 2006. The oldest record of the Late Cretaceous anacoracid shark, Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz), from the western Interior, with comments on Squalicorax phylogeny. IN: Lucas, S. G.; Sullivan, R. M. (eds.). Late Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. Vol. 35: 177-184

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Genera/Species: Squalicorax bassanni (Gammellaro, 1920); Squalicorax curvatus; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi; Squalicorax pristodontus; Squalicorax volgensis; Squalicorax yanganensis (Dartevelle & Casier, 1943);

Formation: Fox Hills Fm.; Niobrara Chalk; Pierre Shale;

COUNTRY: USA: North Dakota;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Cumbaa, S. L.; van Rooyen, D. 2004. Caudal fin of the Late Cretaceous shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Lamniformes: Cretoxyrhinidae). (ABSTRACT). p. 112a. IN: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 24(Supplement to Number 3): p. 112A

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cretoxyrhinidae; Lamniformes;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Cumbaa, S. L.; van Rooyen, D. 2006. Caudal fin skeleton of the Late Cretaceous Lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from the Niobrara Chalk of Kansas. IN: Lucas, S. G.; Sullivan, R. M. (eds.). Late Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. Vol. 35: 185-192

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Judithian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Aquilan; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes; Cretoxyrhinidae Glickman, 1958; Elasmobranchii; Lamniformes Berg, 1958;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina Glikman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Everhart, M. J. 2003. Ptychodus mammillaris (Elasmobranchii) and Enchodus cf. E. shumardi (Teleostei) from the Fort Hays Limestone Member of the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) in Ellis County, Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 106(3/4): 171-176

MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes; Elasmobranchii; Enchodontidae; Osteichthyes; Ptychodontidae; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Enchodus; Enchodus dirus Leidy; Enchodus ferox Leidy; Enchodus gladiolus Cope; Enchodus petrosus Cope; Enchodus cf. E. shumardi Leidy, 1856; Gillicus arcuatus; Micropycnodont kansasensis; Paranomotodon; Ptychodus; Ptychodus anonymus Williston; Ptychodus mammillaris Agassiz, 1835; Ptychodus mortoni Agassiz; Scapanorhynchus; Squalicorax falcatus;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Everhart, M. J. 2004. Shark-bitten Xiphactinus audax (Teleostei: Ichthyodectiformes) from the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas. The Mosasaur. Vol. 7: 35-39

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Ichthyodectidae Patterson & Rosen, 1977; Ichthyodectiformes Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969; Neopterygii; Osteichthyes; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Bananogmius; Cretoxyrhina; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope); Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus vetus Leidy;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Everhart, M. J.; Hooks, G. E., III. 2002. Ichthyodectid fish and protostegid turtle bitten by the Late Cretaceous Lamniform Shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 22(Supplement to Number 3): 106A

MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-GA;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Mooreville Chalk; Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Alabama, Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Ewell, K.; Everhart, M. J. 2004. The first record of the lamniform shark genus, Johnlongia, from the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous), western Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 107(3/4): 131-135

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthye (sic IN: Shimada, Ewell, & Everhart, 2004, p. 131); Elasmobranchii; Euselachii; Lamniformes; Neoselachii; Odontaspididae

Genera/Species: Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz); Cretoxyrhina; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz); Johnlongia Siverson, 1996; Protosphyraena perniciosa; Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche); Ptychodus; Scapanorhynchus raphiodon (Agassiz); Squalicorax; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz); Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Fielitz, C. 2006. Annotated checklist of fossil fishes from the Smoky Hill Chalk of the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) in Kansas. IN: Lucas, S. G.; Sullivan, R. M. (eds.). Late Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. Vol. 35: 193-213

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian/Turonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acanthomorpha Rosen, 1973; Acanthopterygii Rosen & Patterson, 1969; Actinopterygii; Albulidae Bleeker, 1859; Albuliformes Greenwood, 1977; Amiiformes Hay, 1929; Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Anguilliformes Berg, 1940; Asarotidae Schaeffer, 1968; Asarotiformes Schaeffer, 1968; Aspidorhynchidae Nicholson & Lydekker, 1889; Aulopiformes Rosen, 1973; Beryciformes Berg, 1940; Callorhynchidae Garman, 1901; Carcharhiniformes Compagno, 1973; Caturoidea Owen, 1860; Chimaeriformes Obruchev, 1953; Chondrichthyes; Cimolichthyidae Goody, 1969; Cimolichthyoidea Nelson, 1994; Coelacanthiformes Lund & Lund, 1985; Cretoxyrhinidae Glickman, 1958; Crossognathidae Woodward, 1901; Crossognathiformes Taverne, 1989; Dercetidae Pictet, 1850; Elasmobranchii; Elopidae Jordan, 1923; Elopiformes Greenwood, Rosen, Weitzman, & Myers, 1966; Elopomorpha; Enchodontidae Woodward, 1901; Enchodontoidea Nelson, 1994; Enchodontoidei Nelson, 1994; Ferrifronsidae Arratia & Chorn, 1998; Holocentridae Richardson, 1846; Holocephali; Ichthyodectidae Crook, 1892; Ichthyodectiformes Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969; Ichthyotingoidea sic Shimada & Fielitz, p. 203; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Lepisosteidae Cuvier, 1825; Miktsikurinidae Jordan, 1898; Neopterygii; Nursallidae Blot, 1987; Odontaspididae MŸller & Henle, 1839; Osteichthyes; Pachycormidae Woodward, 1895; Pachycormiformes Berg, 1940; Pachyrhizodontidae Cope, 1872b; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Polymixiidae Gill, 1862; Polymixiiformes Rosen & Patterson, 1969; Ptychodontidae Jaekel, 1898; Pycnodontidae Owen, 1846; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1940; Rajiformes Berg, 1940; Rhinobatidae MŸller & Henle, 1838; Sarcopterygii; Saurodontidae Cope, 1871; Semionotiformes Arambourg & Bertin, 1958; Teleostei; Triakidae Gray, 1851; Tselfatiiformes Nelson, 1994; Urenchelidae Woodward, 1900;

Genera/Species: Aetheocephalichthys Fielitz, Stewart, & Wiffen, 1999; Aetheocephalichthys hyainarhinos Fielitz, Stewart, & Wiffen, 1999; Agnomius Loomis, 1900; Ananogmius White & Moy-Thomas, 1940; Anguillavus Hay, 1903; Anguillavus hackberryensis Martin, 1922; Anogmius Cope, 1877a; Anogmius altus; Anogmius evolutus; Anogmius polymicrodus (Stewart, 1899d); Apateodus; Apsopelix Cope, 1871; Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon, 1850); Apsopelix sauriformis Cope, 1871; Asarotus Schaeffer, 1968; Asarotus arcanus Schaeffer, 1968; Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Bananogmius aratus (Cope, 1877a); Bananogmius evolutus; Bananogmius favirostris (Cope, 1877b); Bananogmius polymicrodus; Belonostomus; Beryx Stewart, 1898d; Beryx multidentatus Stewart, 1898d; Caproberyx Regan, 1911; Cimolichthys Leidy, 1857; Cimolichthys gladiolus Cope, 1872; Cimolichthys nepaeolica (Cope, 1872); Cimolichthys nepaholica (Cope, 1872); Cimolichthys sulcatus Cope, 1872; Cimolichthys sulcaus Cope, 1872 sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 202; Cimolichthys semianceps Cope, 1872; Cladocyclus occidentalis; Corax Agassiz, 1843; Corax falcatus Hussakof, 1908; Cretalamna Glikman, 1958; Cretalamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843); Cretoxyrhina Glikman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Daptinus Cope, 1873; Daptinus broadheadi Stewart, 1898a; Dixonanogmius Taverne, 200c; Edaphodon; Erisichthe Cope, 1873; Empo; Empo contracta Cope, 1874; Empo lisbonensis Stewart, 1899c; Empo merrillii Cope, 1874; Empo nepaholica Cope, 1872; Empo petrosus; Empo semianceps Cope, 1874; Empo sulcata Cope, 1874; Enchodus Agassiz, 1835; Enchodus amicrodus Stewart, 1898d; Enchodus dirus (Leidy, 1857); Enchodus dolichus Cope, 1875; Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872); Enchodus parvis Stewart, 1898d; Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874; Enchodus saevus (Hay, 1903); Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856; Erisichthe nitida Cope, 1877; Erisichthe penetrans Cope, 1877c; Eurychir lindleyi Jordan, 1924; Ferrifrons Jordan, 1924; Ferrifrons rugosus Jordan, 1924; Galeocerdo crassidens Cope, 1872; Galeocerdo hartwellii Cope, 1872; Galeorhinus Blainville, 1816; Gillicus Hay, 1898b; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope, 1875); Hadrodus Leidy, 1873; Hadrodus marshi Gregory, 1950; Helmintholepis vermiculatus Cockerell, 1919; Ichthyodectes Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes acanthicus Cope, 1877b; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes cruentus Hay, 1898b; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes goodeanus Cope, 1877b; Ichthyodectes hamatus Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes multidentatus Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes occidentalis; Ichthyodectes parvis Stewart, 1900; Ichthyodectes prognathus (Cope, 1870); Ichthypriapus hubbsi Hibbard, 1942; Isurus mantelli; Johnlongia Siverson, 1996; Kansanus martini Jordan, 1924; Kansius Hussakoff, 1929; Kansius sternbergi Hussakof, 1929; Laminospondylus Springer, 1957; Laminospondylus transverses sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, Table 1., p. 205; Laminospondylus transversus Springer, 1957; Lepisosteus LacŽpde, 1803; Leptichthys; Leptichthys agilis Stewart, 1899e; Leptecodon Williston, 1899; Leptecodon rectus Williston, 1899; Leptichthys agilis Stewart, 1900; Luxilites Jordan, 1924; Luxilites striolatus Jordan, 1924; Martinichthys McClung, 1926; Martinichthys acutus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys alternatus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys brevis McClung, 1926; Martinichthys gracilis McClung, 1926; Martinichthys intermedius McClung, 1926; Martinichthys latus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys ziphioides (Cope, 1877c); Micropycnodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1945; Micropycnodon kansasensis (Hibbard & Graffham, 1941); Moorevillia hardi Applegate, 1970; Niobrara Jordan, 1924; Niobrara encarsia Jordan, 1924; Odontaspis; Omosoma Costa, 1857; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976; Oricandinus sheareri Cope, 1872 sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 202; Oricardinus sheareri Cope, 1872; Oricardinus tortus Cope, 1877b; Osmeroides Agassiz, 1843; Osmeroides evoutus (Cope, 1877b); Osmeroides polymicrodus (Stewart, 1898d); Oxyrhina Agassiz, 1843; Pachyrhizodus Dixon, 1850; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus caninus (Hay, 1903) sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 202; Pachyrhizodus curvatus Loomis, 1900; Pachyrhizodus kingi Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus latimentum Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus leptognathus Stewart, 1898d; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874; Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart, 1899b; Pachyrhizodus sheareri Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus velox Stewart, 1898d; Palaeobalistum Blainville, 1818; Palaeoclupea dakotensis Dante, 1942; Palelops Applegate, 1970; Palelops eutawensis Applegate, 1970; Paraliodesmus Dunkle, 1969; Paraliodesmus guadagnii Dunkle, 1969; Pelecopterus chirurgus Cope, 1875; Pelycorapis berycinus Cope, 1877a; Pentanogmius Taverne, 2002c; Pentanogmius evolutus (Cope, 1877b); Phasganodus dirus Leidy, 1857; Platyceramus platinus (Stewart, 1990b); Plethodus Dixon, 1850; Plethodus oblongus (Dixon, 1850); Plethodus rotundus (Loomis, 1900); Portheus colosus sic Sternberg, 1907b, p. 122; Portheus lestrio Cope, 1873; Portheus lowii Stewart, 1898a; Portheus mollossus sic Sternberg, 1905, p. 127; Portheus molossus Cope, 1871; Portheus mudgei Cope, 1874; Portheus thaumas Cope, 1870 sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 199; Portheus thaumas Cope, 1872 sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 199; Prosaurodon Stewart, 1999a; Prosaurodon pygmaeus (Loomis, 1900); Protosphyraena Leidy, 1857; Protosphyraena chirurgus Cope, 1877c; Protosphyraena dimidiata (Cope, 1878); Protosphyraena gladius (Cope, 1873); Protosphyraena nitida (Cope, 1872); Protosphyraena obliquidens Loomis, 1900; Protosphyraena occidentalis Stewart, 1900; Protosphyraena penetrans (Cope, 1877c); Protosphyraena pernicosa (Cope, 1874) sic Stewart, 1988, pp. 91, 92; Protosphyraena perniciosa (Cope, 1874); Protosphyraena recurvirostris Stewart, 1898d; Protosphyraena sequax Hay, 1903; Protosphyraena tenuis (Loomis, 1900); Protosphyraena xiphoides; Protosphyraena ziphioides (Cope, 1877c); Pseudanogmius Taverne, 2002b; Pseudanogmius maiseyi Taverne, 2002b; Pseudocorax Priem, 1897; Pseudocorax affinis (Agassiz, 1843); Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche, 1906); Pseudothryptodus Loomis, 1900; Pseudothryptodus intermedius Loomis, 1900; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1835; Ptychodus anonymus Williston, 1900a; Ptychodus latissimus Agassiz, 1843; Ptychodus mammillaris Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus mortoni Mantell, 1839; Ptychodus martini Williston, 1900a; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868; Ptychodus polygyrus Agassiz, 1839; Pycnomicrodon; Rhinobatos Linck, 1790; Saurocephalus Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus arapahovius Cope, 1872; Saurocephalus audax Cope, 1870; Saurocephalus dentatus Stewart, 1898a; Saurocephalus goodeanus (Cope, 1877b); Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus pamphagus Hay, 1899; Saurocephalus phlebotomus Cope, 1870; Saurocephalus thaumas Cope, 1870; Saurodon Hays, 1830; Saurodon broadheadi (Stewart, 1898a); Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830; Saurodon xiphirostris Stewart, 1898c; Scapanorhynchus Woodward, 1889; Scapanorhynchus raphiodon (Agassiz, 1844); Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis (Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971); Stratodus Cope, 1872; Stratodus apicalis Cope, 1872; Stratodus oxypogen Cope, 1877b; Syllaemus latifrons Cope, 1875; Syllaemus hanifi Green, 1957; Syntegmodus Loomis, 1900; Syntegmodus altus Loomis, 1900; Tetheodus pephredo Cope, 1874; Thryptodus Loomis, 1900; Thryptodus zitteli Loomis, 1900; Trachichthyoides Woodward, 1902; Urenchelys Woodward, 1900; Urenchelys abditus wiley & Stewart, 1981; Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus brachygnathus Stewart, 1899c; Zanclites Jordan, 1924; Zanclites xenurus Jordan, 1924;

Formation: Benton Hill Fm.; Carlile Fm.; Greenhorn Fm.; Niobrara Chalk Fm.; Smoky Hill Chalk;

COUNTRY: U.K.: England; U.S.A.: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Hooks, G. E., III 2004. Shark-bitten protostegid turtles from the Upper Cretaceous Mooreville Chalk, Alabama. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 78(1): 205-210

MFNA-CL-GA;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Lamniformes; Cretoxyrhinidae;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz);

Formation: Mooreville Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Alabama

 

 

Shimada, K.; Hubbell, G. 2001. Identity of small symmetrical teeth of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from western Kansas, U.S.A. Journal of Fossil Research. Vol. 34(2): 55-57

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: lamniform

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Martin, D. J. 1993. Upper Cretaceous selachians from the basal Greenhorn Limestone in Russell County, Kansas. p. 78. (ABSTRACT) IN: Abstracts of papers presented at and program of a joint meeting of the Missouri and Kansas Academies of Science, Kansas City, Missouri, April 23-24, 1993. Vol. 13

MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Genera/Species: Cretodus simplicatus; Cretolamna appendiculata; Cretomanta canadensis; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Odontaspis amonensis; Odontaspis cf. Odontaspis saskatchewanensis; ?Odontaspis subulata; Onchopristis dunklei; Ptychodus cf. P. anonymus; Ptychodus decurrens; Squalicorax falcatus; Squalicorax sp.;

Formation: Greenhorn Limestone

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Parkin, J. A.; Palermo, J. M.; Schumacher, B. A. 2003. Late Cretaceous marine vertebrates from the basal Greenhorn Limestone in Southeastern Colorado. (ABSTRACT). p. 96a. IN: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 23(Supplement to Number 3: 96A

MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Albulidae; chondrichthyans; osteichthyans; Pycnodontidae;

Genera/Species: Archaeolamna sp.; Carcharias amonensis; Carcharias saskatchwanensis; Carcharias tenuiplicatus; Cretodus semiplicatus; Cretolamna appendiculata; Cretolamna woodwardi; Cretomanta canadensis; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Enchodus cf. Enchodus gladiolus; Enchodus cf. Enchodus shumardi; Protosphyraena sp.; Ptychodus cf. Ptychodus anonymus; Ptychodus decurrens; Ptychodus occidentalis; Rhinobatis incertus; Squalicorax curvatus; Squalicorax falcatus; Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Lincoln Limestone Member, Greenhorn Limestone Fm.;

COUNTRY: USA: southeastern Colorado;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Schumacher, B. A. 2003. The earliest record of the Late Cretaceous plethodid fish, Thryptodus (Teleostei: Tselfatiformes), from central Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 106(1/2): 54-58

MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Neopterygii; Osteichthyes; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Teleostei; Tselfatiformes Nelson, 1994;

Genera/Species: Anogmius Cope, 1877; Bananogmius (Whitley, 1940); Bananogmius zitteli; Martinichthys; Plethodus rotundus; Protosphyraena pernicosa (Cope); Thryptodus Loomis, 1900; Thryptodus rotundus Loomis, 1900; Thryptodus cf. Thryptodus zitteli Loomis, 1900; Thryptodus zitteli Loomis, 1900;

Formation: Lincoln Limestone Member, Greenhorn Limestone Fm.; Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Schumacher, B. A.; Parkin, J. A.; Palermo, J. M. 2006. Fossil marine vertebrates from the Lowermost Greenhorn Limestone (Upper Cretaceous: Middle Cenomanian) in Southeastern Colorado. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 80(Supplement to No. 2): 1-45

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL-LM;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Albulidae Bleeker, 1859; Albuliformes Forey, Littlewood, Ritchie, & Meyer, 1996; Albuloidei Greenwood, Rosen, Weitzman, & Meyers, 1966; Alopiformes Rosen, 1973; Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Carcharhiniformes Compagno, 1973; Chondrichthyes; Cretoxyrhinidae Glickman, 1958; Elasmobranchii; Elopiformes; Enchodontoidei berg, 1940; Enchodontidae Woodward, 1901; Euselachii; Ichthyodectidae Crook, 1892; Ichthyodectiformes Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Megachasmidae Taylor et al., 1983; Neopterygii; Neoselachii; Nursallidae Blot, 1987; Odontaspididae MŸller & Henle, 1839; Orectolobiformes Applegate, 1972; Osteichthyes; Pachycormidae Woodward, 1895; Pachycormiformes Berg, 1940; Pachyrhizodontidae Cope, 1872b; Parascylliidae Gill, 1862; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Ptychodontidae Jaekel, 1898; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1940; Pycnodontidae Agassiz, 1833; Rajiformes Berg, 1940; Rhincodontidae (sic Shimada et al., 2006, p. 5, Table 1); Rhinobatidae MŸller & Henle, 1838; Sclerorhinchidae; Sclerorhynchidae Cappetta, 1974; Sclerorhynchiformes Kriwet, 2004; Scyliorhinidae Gill, 1862; Teleostei; Tselfatiiformes Nelson, 1994;

Genera/Species: Anacorax falcatus (Agassiz); Archaeolamna Siverson, 1992; Archaeolamna cf. Archaeolamna kopingensis (Davis, 1890); Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810; Carcharias amonensis (Cappetta & Case, 1975b); Carcharias saskatchewanensis (Case, Tokaryk, & Baird, 1990); Carcharias tenuiplicatus (Cappetta & Case, 1975b); Carchariodes planidens (Williston); Cenocarcharias tenuiplicatus (Cappetta & Case, 1975b); Corax; Corax baharijensis Stromer, 1927; Corax boreaui Coquand, 1860; Corax curvatus Williston, 1900a); Corax elongatus Coquand, 1860; Corax falcatus Agassiz, 1843; Corax heterodon Reuss, 1845; Corax incisus Egerton; Corax obliwquus Reuss, 1845; Corax pristodontus Agassiz, 1843; Cretalamna Glickman, 1958; Cretalamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1835); Cretalamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843)(sic Shimada et al., 2006, p. 15, Fig. 10, 5, & p. 16); Cretalamna woodwardi Herman, 1977; Cretodus Sokolov, 1965; Cretodus crassidens (Dixon, 1850); Cretodus longiplicatus Werner, 1989; Cretodus semiplicatus (MŸnster IN: Agassiz); Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz); Cretolamna appendiculata appendiculata (Agassiz); Cretolamna appendiculata lata (Agassiz) Cappetta & Case, 1975a; Cretolamna appendiculata pachyrhiza Herman, Lauginiger & Hartstein, 1983; Cretolamna arcuata (Woodward); Cretolamna borealis (Priem); Cretolamna woodwardi (Herman); Cretomanta Case, Tokaryk, & Baird, 1990; Cretomanta canadensis Case, Tokaryk, & Baird, 1990; Cretoxyrhina Glickman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina denticulata Glickman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Enchodus Agassiz, 1835; Enchodus dirus (Leidy, 1857b); Enchodus cf. Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872b); Enchodus lewesiensis (Mantell, 1822); Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874; Enchodus cf. Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856b; Erisichthe nitida Cope, 1872c; Galeocerdo MŸller & Henle, 1837; Galeocerdo falcatus (Agassiz); Galeocerdo hartwellii Cope, 1872b; Galeus pristodontus Morton; Ichthyodectes Cope, 1870; Isurus; Isurus mantelli (Agassiz); Johnlongia Siverson, 1996; Johnlongia allocotodon Siverson, 1996; Johnlongia cf. Johnlongia parvidens (Cappetta, 1973); Lamna appendiculata Agassiz, 1835; Lamna appendiculata Agassiz, 1843(sic Shimada et al., 2006, p. 16); Lamna appendiculata Agassiz var. mongraensis Verma, 1965; Lamna lata Agassiz; Lamna planidens (Williston); Lamna semiplicata (MŸnster IN: Agassiz); Lamna semiplicata (Agassiz)(sic Shimada et ali., 2006, p. 14); Lamna sulcata (Geinitz); Megachasma pelagios Taylor et al., 1983; Microcorax crassus Cappetta & Case, 1975b; Micropycnodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1945; Micropycnodon cf. Micropycnodon kansasensis (Hibbard & Graffham, 1941); Nursallia; Odontaspis McNulty & Slaughter, 1968; Odontaspis amonensis Cappetta & Case, 1975b; Odontaspis bicarinatus (Williston); Odontaspis gigas Woodward; Odontaspis gracilis (Williston); Odontaspis kopingensis Davis, 1890; Odontaspis cf. Odontaspis striatula Dalinkevicius; Odontaspis subulata; Odontaspis tenuiplicatus Cappetta & Case, 1975b; Odontaspis woodbinensis Meyer, 1974; Otodus appendiculatus Agassiz (sic Shimada et ali., 2006, p. 16, should be () around Agassiz); Otodus biauriculatus Zittel; Otodus crassus Woodward, 1888; Otodus divaricatus Leidy, 1873; Otodus semiplicatus MŸnster IN: Agassiz, 1843, p. 272; Otodus michoni Coquand, 1860; Otodus sulcatus Geinitz, 1843; Oxyrhina; Oxyrhina extenta Leidy, 1873; Oxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Pachyrhizodus Dixon, 1850; Pachyrhizodus basalis Dixon, 1850; Pachyrhizodus minimus A. Stewart, 1899b; Palaeobalistum Blainville, 1818; Palaeocorax falcatus (Agassiz); Pararhinocodon Herman IN: Cappetta, 1976; Pararhinocodon crochardi Herman, 1977; Pararhinocodon groessenssi Herman, 1982; Peyeria libyca; Plicatolamna arcuata (Woodward); Plicatolamna semiplicata (MŸnster IN: Agassiz); Portheus molossus Cope, 1871b; Portheus lestrio Cope, 1873; Portheus lowii A. Stewart, 1898a; Portheus mudgeri Cope; Portheus thaumas (Cope); Protosphyraena Leidy, 1857a; Protosphyraena bentoniana A. Stewart, 1898a; Ptcyhodus Agassiz, 1835; Ptcyhodus cf. P. anonymus Williston, 1900a; Ptcyhodus decurrens Agassiz, 1843; Ptcyhodus decurrens Agassiz, 1835 (sic Shimada et ali., 2006, p. 6); Ptcyhodus depressus Dixon, 1850; Ptcyhodus latissimus Agassiz; Ptcyhodus mammillaris Agassiz, 1839; Ptcyhodus multistriatus Woodward, 1889; Ptcyhodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868; Ptcyhodus oweni Dixon, 1850; Ptcyhodus triangularis Reuss, 1845; Ptychotrygon Jaekel, 1894; Ptychotrygon agujaensis (Welton & Farish, 1993); Pteroscyllium; Pycnomicrodon kansasensis Hibbard & Graffham, 1941; Rhinobatos Linck, 1790; Saurocephalus audax (Leidy); Saurocephalus thaumas Cope, 1870; Scapanorhynchus subulatus (Agassiz); Scyllium planidens Williston, 1900a; Scyllium rugosus Williston, 1900a; Scylliorhinus planidens (Williston); Scylliorhinus rugosus Williston, 1900b; Serratolamna amonensis (Cappetta & Case); Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax baharijensis (Stromer); Squalicorax curvatus (Williston, 1900a); Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz); Squalus galeus Mantell, 1822; Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus brachygnathus A. Stewart, 1899b; Xiphactinus lowii (A. Stewart); Xiphactinus molossus Cope; Xiphactinus thaumas (Cope);

Formation: Bridge Creek Limestone; Greenhorn Limestone; Hartland Shale; Lincoln Limestone; Merchantville Fm.; Niobrara Chalk;

COUNTRY: Australia; Belgium; Bohemia; Canada: Saskatchewan; Czech Republic; Egypt; France; Lebanon; Morocco; Netherlands; Slovakia; Sweden; UK: England; USA: Arizona; Colorado; Iowa; Kansas; Minnesota; New Jersey; New Mexico; South Dakota; Texas; Wyoming;

 

 

Shirai, S. 1996. Phylogenetic interrelationships of neoselachians (Chondrichthyes: Euselachii). Chapter 2. pp. 9-34. IN: Stiassny, M. L. J.; Parenti, L. R.; Johnson, G. D. Interrelationships of Fishes. Academic Press.San Diego, California. 496 pp.

MFNA

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes

 

 

Shiskin, M. A.; Sytchevskaya, E. K. 1998. New data on the endemic vertebrate assemblage from the Permo-(?)Triassic Bugarikhta Formation of the Lower Tunguska River Basin, Central Siberia. pp. 44-46. IN: Ginter, M.; Wilson, M. V. H. (eds.). IGCP 406 Circum-Arctic Palaeozoic Faunas and Facies. Warsaw, Poland, September 3-8, 1998. Faculty of Geology, Warsaw University. Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication 4: 1-62

MFNA-T

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic;

Formation: Bugarikhta Formation

COUNTRY: Central Siberia

 

 

Signore, M.; Bucci, E. M.; Pede, C.; Barbera, C. 2005. A new ichthyodectid fish from the Lower Cretaceous of Pietraroja (southern Italy). www.PalArch.nl, vertebrate palaeontology. Vol. 2,3: 25-30

MFNA-CE

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: ichthyodectid

Genera/Species: Chirocentrites Haeckel, 1850; Chirocentrites coroninii D'Erasmo (1914-15);

Formation: Plattenkalk of the Civita di Pietraroja;

COUNTRY: Italy

 

 

Silliman, Benjamin 1821. On the occurrence of fossil fish in the Connecticut valley. Amer. Journ. Sci. Vol. 3: 221-222; 365-366.

MFNA-TL-NS

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Genera/Species: Catopteridae and Semionotidae

COUNTRY: USA: Massachusetts;

 

 

Silva Santos, R. 1950. Anaedopogon, Chiromystus e Ennelichthys como sinonimos de Cladocyclus, da Fam’lia Chirocentridae. Academia Brasileira de Ciencias. Vol. 22(1): 123-134, + 4 Plates

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chirocentridae; Elopidae;

Genera/Species: Anaedopogon Cope, 1871, p. 53; Anaedopogon tenuidens Cope, 1871, p. 53; Chiromystus Cope, 1885, p. 4; Cladocyclus Agassiz, 1841, p. 83; Cladocyclus alagoensis Jordan; Cladocyclus ferus Santos; Cladocyclus gardneri Agassiz, 1841, p. 83; Cladocyclus mawsoni Cope; Ennelichthys Jordan, 1923, p. 80; Ennelichthys derbyi Jordan, 1923; Enneles audax Jordan;

Formation: Santana;

COUNTRY: Brazil;

 

 

Silva, V. G. 1995. New fish remains from the Cretaceous/Paleocene of Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 15(Supplement to No. 3): 53A

MFNA-CL,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fish

COUNTRY: Pernambuco State, Northeast Brazil

 

 

Silva, V. G. 1996. Comparative morphometrics of Semionotidae, Lepisoteidae, and Amiidae (Actinopterygii: Neopterygii) by multivariate analysis of truss networks. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 16(Supplement to Number 3): 66A

MFNA;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Amiidae; Lepisosteidae; Neopterygii; Semionotidae;

 

 

Simon, T.; Hagdoorn, H.; Hagdorn, M. K.; Seilacher, A. 2003. Swimming trace of a coelacanth fish from the Lower Keuper of south-west Germany. Palaeontology. Vol. 46(5): 911-926

MFNA-TM, MFNA-TL,

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Middle- Ladinian; Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Triassic-Triassic Late-Norian; Triassic-Triassic Middle-(late Anisian-early Ladinian);

Genera/Species: Parundichna schoelli Simon, Hagdoorn, H., Hagdorn, M. K., & Seilacher, 2003 n.sp. (ichnogenus, ichnospecies); Ceratodus; Ceratodus kaupii Ag.; Ptychoceratodus; Coelacanthus giganteus Winkler, 1880; Coelacanthus harlemensis; Diplurus; hybodont sharks; Chinlea sp.; aff. Hainbergia; Lissodus; peltopleuroids; Saurichthys; Serrolepis suevicus; Ceratodus concinnus; Ptychoceratodus cf. P. serratus;

Formation: Solnhofen Plattenkalk; Newark Basin; Semionotensandstein, Middle Keuper; Claystone lenses in the deltaic Grs a Voltzia (uppermost Buntsandstein); Monte San Giorgio;

COUNTRY: Germany; France; New Jersey; North America;

 

 

Siverson, M. 1992. Late Cretaceous Paraorthacodus (Palaeospinacidae, Neoselachidae) from Sweden. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 66: 994-1001

MFNA

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Palaeospinacidae, Neoselachidae

Genera/Species: Paraorthacodus

COUNTRY: Sweden

 

 

Siverson, M. 1992. Biology, dental morphology and taxonomy of lamniform sharks from the Campanian of the Kristianstad Basin, Sweden. Palaeontology. Vol. 35: 519-554

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Hemiscylliidae; Heterodontidae; Hybodontidae; Palaeospinacidae; Parascylliidae; Polyacrodontidae GlŸckman, 1964; Rhinobatidae; Scyliorhinidae; Squalidae; Squatinidae; Triakidae;

Genera/Species: Anomotodon hermani Siverson, 1992; Archaeolamna Siverson, 1992; Archaeolamna kopingensis (Davis, 1890); Archaeolamna kopingensis judithensis Siverson, 1992; Carcharias aasenensis Siverson, 1992; Carcharias latus (Davis, 1890); Carcharias tenuis (Davis, 1890); Cretodus borodini (Cappetta & Case, 1975); Cretolamna; Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843); Cretoxyrhina; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Leptostyrax; Paranomotodon; Scapanorhynchus perssoni Siverson, 1992; Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz, 1843);

Formation: Judith River Fm.;

COUNTRY: Sweden; USA: Montana;

 

 

Siverson, M. 1993. Maastrichtian squaloid sharks from Southern Sweden. Palaeontology. Vol. 36(1): 1-19

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Etmopterine;

Genera/Species: Centroscyllium; Centroscymnus; Centroscymnus schmidi; Eoetmopterus; Eoetmopterus supracretaceus; Etmopterus Rafinesque, 1810; Microetmopterus wardi Siverson, 1993; Proetmopterus; Proetmopterus hemmooriensis Siverson, 1993; Squalus; Squalus ballingsloevensis Siverson, 1993; Squalus balsvikensis Siverson, 1993; Squalus gabrielsoni Siverson, 1993;

COUNTRY: Denmark; Sweden;

 

 

Siverson, M. 1995. Revision of Cretorectolobus (Neoselachii) and description of Cederstroemia n.gen., a Cretaceous carpet shark (Orectolobiformes) with a cutting dentition. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 69(5): 974-979

MFNA-CL-FL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Neoselachii; Orectolobidae; Orectolobiformes Compagno, 1973;

Genera/Species: Cederstroemia Siverson, 1995; Cederstroemia havreensis (Herman, 1977); Cederstroemia nilsi; Cederstroemia triangulata; Cretorectolobus mŸlleri; Cretorectolobus olsoni Case, 1978, p. 188; Eucrossorhinus Regan, 1908; Eucrossorhinus microcuspidatus Case, 1978, p. 178; Orectolobus Bonaparte, 1834; Squatina; Squatina mŸlleri; Sutorectus Whitley, 1939;

Formation: Judith River Fm.; Mesaverde Fm.; St. Marry River Fm.;

COUNTRY: Belgium; CANADA: Alberta; France; Sweden; USA: Montana; Wyoming;

 

 

Siverson, M. 1995. Revision of the Danian cow sharks, sand tiger sharks, and goblin sharks (Hexanchidae, Odontaspididae, and Mitsukurinidae) from Southern Sweden. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 15(1): 1-12

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Hexanchidae; Odontaspididae; Mitsukurinidae

Genera/Species: Anomotodon; Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810; Carcharias gracilis; Carcharias tenuis; Heptranchias; Hexanchus; Lamna incurva; Notidanus microdon; Notidanodon brotzeni Siverson, 1995; Notorynchus; Odontaspis acuta; Odontaspis speyeri; Ptychodus; Scapanorhynchus gracilis; Sphenodus Agassiz, 1843; Squalus Linneaus, 1758; Striatolamia; Striatolamia cederstroemi Siverson, 1995;

COUNTRY: Sweden;

 

 

Siverson, M. 1996. Lamniform sharks of the Mid Cretaceous Alinga Formation and Beedagong Claystone, Western Australia. Palaeontology. Vol. 39(4: 813-849

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Conician; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Cretoxyrhinidae Glikman, 1958; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Mitsukurinidae Jordan, 1898; Odontaspididae MŸller & Henle, 1839;

Genera/Species: Acrolamna; Alopias Rafinesque, 1810; Alopias denticulatus Cappetta, 1981; Anomotodon Arambourg, 1952; Anomotodon hermani Siverson, 1992; Anomotodon plicatus Arambourg, 1952; Anomotodon principialis; Anomotodon senessei (Leriche, 1936); Archaeolamna Siverson, 1992; Archaeolamna haigi Siverson, 1996, p. 823; Archaeolamna kopingensis; Archaeolamna kopingensis judithensis; Archaeolamna kopingensis kopingensis; Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810; Corax falcatus Agassiz; Corax pristodontus Agassiz, 1843; Cretolamna Glikman, 1958; Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843, p. 270); Cretolamna gunsoni Siverson, 1996, p. 829; Cretolamna woodwardi Herman, 1977, p. 207; Cretoxyrhina Glikman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina denticulata; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843, p. 280); Cretoxyrhina woodwardi (Herman, 1977); Eostriatolamia subulata MŸller & Diedrich, 1991; Isurus denticulatus Glikman, 1957; Isurus mantelli (Agassiz, 1843, p. 280); Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810; Johnlongia Siverson, 1996, p. 836; Johnlongia allocotodon Siverson, 1996, p. 837; Johnlongia parvidens; Lamna acuminata Agassiz, 1838; Lamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843, p. 270); Leptostyrax Williston, 1900; Leptostyrax bicuspidatus Williston, 1900; Leptostyrax macrorhiza (Cope, 1875); Megarhizodon Sokolov, 1978; Megarhizodon macrorhiza (Cope, 1875); Mitsukurina Jordan, 1898; Odontaspis kopingensis Davis, 1890; Odontaspis parvidens Capppeta, 1973; Otodus appendiculatus Agassiz, 1843, p. 270; Otodus obliquus (Agassiz, 1843); Oxyrhina angustidens Reuss, 1845; Oxyrhina mantelli Agassiz, 1843, p. 280; Palaeoanacorax Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971, p. 187; Palaeoanacorax volgensis Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971, p. 187; Paranomotodon Herman IN: Cappetta Case, 1975; Paranomotodon angustidens (Reuss, 1845); Protolamna Cappetta, 1980; Pseudocorax primulus MŸller & Diedrich, 1991, p. 40; Pseudoisurus Glikman, 1957; Pseudoisurus tomosus Glikman, 1957; Scapanorhynchus Woodward, 1889; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax curvatus (Williston, 1900); Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi; Squalicorax volgensis (Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971, p. 187); Striatolamia Glikman, 1964b;

Formation: Alinga Formation; Beedagong Claystone; Britton Fm.; Carlile shale; Niobrara Fm.; Weno Fm.;

COUNTRY: Australia: Queensland; Western Australia; Belgium; Bohemia; France; Germany; Holland; Kazakhstan; Morocco; Russia; Sweden; U.K.: England; Ukraine; USA: Arizona; Kansas; Montana; New Jersey; New Mexico; South Dakota; Texas;

 

 

Siverson, M. 1997. Sharks from the mid-Cretaceous Gearle Siltstone, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 17(3): 453-465

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Cretoxyrhinidae Glikman, 1958; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Odontaspididae MŸller & Henle, 1839; Orectolobiformes Applegate, 1974; Palaeospinacidae Regan, 1906; Synechodontifomes Duffin & Ward, 1993;

Genera/Species: Anomotodon Arambourg, 1952; Archaeolamna Siverson, 1992a; Archaeolamna haigi Siverson, 1996; Archaeolamna kopingensis (Davis, 1890); Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810; Carcharias striatula (Dalinkevicius, 1935); Centrophoroides; Cretolamna Glikman, 1958; Corax pristodontus Agassiz, 1843; Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843); Cretolamna woodwardi Herman, 1977; Cretorectolobus Case, 1978; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Echinorhinus australis; Echinorhinus eyrensis Pledge, 1992; Eoanacorax dalinkevichiusi Glikman & Shazhaite, 1971; Hispidaspis; Lamna venusta; Leptostyrax Williston, 1900; Leptostyrax bicuspidatus Williston, 1900; Leptostyrax macrorhiza (Cope, 1875); Notidanodon Cappetta, 1975; Notidanodon lanceolatus (Woodward, 1886); Notorynchus; Notorynchus aptiensis; Notorynchus cepedianus; Odontaspis kopingensis Davis, 1890; Odontaspis striatula (Dalinkevicius, 1935); Otodus appendiculatus Agassiz, 1843; Otodus obliquus Agassiz, 1843; Oxyrhina macrorhiza Pictet & Campiche, 1858; Oxyrhina primaeva Dalinkevicius, 1935; Palaeonacorax falcatus praecursor Sokolov, 1978; Palaeonacorax falcatus falcatus Sokolov, 1978; Paraisurus Glikman, 1957; Paraisurus compressus Sokolov, 1978; Paraisurus macrorhiza (Pictet & Campiche, 1858); Paraorthacodus Glikman, 1957; Paraorthacodus andersoni (Case, 1978); Paraorthacodus conicus (Davis, 1890); Paraorthacodus hesbayensis (Casier, 1943); Paraorthacodus nerviensis (Leriche, 1929); Paraorthacodus patagonicus (Ameghino, 1893); Paraorthacodus recurvus; Paraorthacodus subulatus (Leriche, 1951); Paraorthacodus sulcatus (Davis, 1888); Paraorthacodus validus (Chapman, 1918); Protolamna Cappetta, 1980; Protosqualus; Pseudocorax australis; Pseudocorax primulus MŸller & Diedrich, 1991; Pseudoisrurus tomosus Glikman, 1957; Scapanorhynchus; Scapanorhynchus striatula (Dalinkevicius, 1935); Sphenodus recurvus Truatschold, 1877; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax dalinkevichiusi (Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971); Squalicorax primaevus (Dalinkevicius, 1935); Squalicorax primigenius Landemaine, 1991; Squalicorax volgensis Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971); Squatina; Synechodus Woodward, 1888; Synechodus nerviensis Leriche, 1929;

Formation: Alinga Fm.; Gingin Chalk; Jiesia Fm.; Lower Bathurst Island Fm.; Molecap Greensand; Weno Fm.;

COUNTRY: Australia: Queensland; Northern Territory; Western Australia; Belgium; France; Holland; Kazakhstan; Lithuania; Russia; Sweden; Switzerland; U.K.: England; U.S.A.: Arizona; Kansas; Montana; Texas;

 

 

Siverson, M. 1999. A new large lamniform shark from the uppermost Gearle Siltstone (Cenomanian, Late Cretaceous) of Western Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences. Vol. 90: 49-66

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae; Cardabiodontidae Siverson, 1999; Cretoxyrhinidae; Lamnidae; Lamniformes Berg, 1958;

Genera/Species: Archaeolamna siverson, 1992; Cardabiodon Siverson, 1999; Cardabiodon ricki Siverson, 1999; Cretalamna Glikman, 1958; Cretalamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843); Cretalamna gunsoni Siverson, 1996; Cretalamna woodwardi Herman, 1977; Cretolamna woodwardi Herman, 1977; Cretoxyrhina Glikman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Dwardius Siverson, 1999; Dwardius woodwardi; Hispidaspis Sokolov, 1978; Notorynchus aptiensis (Pictet, 1865); Odontaspis Agassiz, 1838; Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810); Otodus appendiculatus Agassiz, 1843; Paraisurus Glikman, 1957; Paratodus Cappetta, 1980b; Pseudoisurus Glikman, 1957; Pseudoisurus tomosus Glikman, 1957; Pseudodontaspis; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus anonymous Williston, 1900; Ptychodus decurrens Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus mammillaris Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus mammillaris anonymous; Ptychodus mammillaris mammillaris; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868; Scapanorhynchus lewisii;

Formation: Alinga Fm.; Carlile Shale; Gearle Siltstone; Mesa Verde Fm.; Niobrara Chalk; Paw Paw Fm.;

COUNTRY: AUSTRALIA: Queensland; Western Australia; France; Germany; Poland; Russia; Sweden; U.K.: England; U.S.A.: Kansas; Montana; Texas; Wyoming;

 

 

Siverson, M.; Cappetta, H. 2001. A skate in the lowermost Maastrichtian of southern Sweden. Palaeontology. Vol. 44(3): 431-446

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian early;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Rajidae Bonaparte, 1831; Torpedinidae Bonaparte, 1838; Dasyatidae Jordan, 1888; myliobatiform;

Genera/Species: Centroscymnus schmidi Herman, 1982; Cyclobatis major Davis, 1887; Cyclobatis oligodactylus Egerton, 1844; Cyclobatis tuberculatus Cappetta, 1980; Mafdetia tibniensis Werner, 1989; Pararaja expansas; Proetmopterus hemmooriensis (Herman, 1982); Raja? davisi Fowler, 1958; Raja harrisae Ward, 1984; Raja farishi Case and Cappetta, 1997; Rajorhina expansa; Smithraja forestensis Herman, 1986; Squalus balsvikensis Siverson, 1993a; Walteraja exigua Siverson & Cappetta, 2001;

Formation: Kristianstad Basin; Kemp Fm.;

COUNTRY: Sweden; Egypt; Lebanon; Belgium; U.K.: England; USA: Oregon; Texas;

 

 

Siverson, M.; Lindgren, J. 2005. Late Cretaceous sharks Cretoxyrhina and Cardabiodon from Montana, USA. Acta Palaeontol. Pol. Vol. 50(2): 301-314

MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae; Cardabiodontidae Siverson, 1999; Lamniformes;

Genera/Species: Archaeolamna Siverson, 1992; Carcharias; Cardabiodon Siverson, 1999; Cardabiodon ricki Siverson, 1999; Cardabiodon venator Siverson & Lindgren, 2005; Cretalamna appendiculata; Cretolamna woodwardi; Cretamanta canadensis Case, Tokaryk, & Baird, 1990; Cretodus Sokolov, 1965; Cretodus semiplicatus; Cretoxyrhina Glikman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Cretoxyrhina sulukapensis; Cretoxyrhina vraconensis (Zhelezko, 2000); Dallasiella willistoni Cappetta & Case, 1999; Dwardius Siverson, 1999; Dwardius siversoni (Zhelezko, 2000); Dwardius woodwardi; Isurus Rafinesque, 1810; Isurus cf. I. appendiculatus (Agassiz, 1843); Isurus cf. I. semiplicata (Agassiz, 1843); Isurus cf. I. semiplicatus (Agassiz, 1843)(sic Siverson & Lindgren, 2005, p. 302); Johnlongia parvidens (Cappetta, 1973); Lamna rupeliensis LeHon, 1871; Oxyrhina benedeni; Palaeoanacorax pamiricus Glikman, 1971 IN: Glikman & Shavazhaite, 1971; Paratodus Cappetta, 1980; Paratodus benedeni (LeHon, 1871); Paratodus mangyshlakensis; Pseudoisurus Zhelezko, 2000; Pseudoisurus vraconensis; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1838; Ptychodus whipplei (Marcou, 1858); Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis;

Formation: Alinga Fm.; Carlile Shale; Gingin Chalk; Greenhorn Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Pawpaw Fm.;

COUNTRY: Australia; Kazakhstan; Russia; Sweden; USA: Montana;

 

 

Siverson, M.; Lindgren, J.; Kelly, L. S. 2007. Anacoracid sharks from the Albian (Lower Cretaceous) Pawpaw Shale of Texas. Palaeontology. Vol. 50(4): 939-950

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Carcharhinidae; Lamniformes Berg, 1958;

Genera/Species: Corax pristodontus Agassiz, 1843; Palaeoanacorax volgensis (Glikman, 1971 IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite); Paraisurus compressus Sokolov, 1978; Pseudocorax primulus MŸller & Diedrich, 1991; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax africanus Cappetta, 1991; Squalicorax baharijensis Stromer, 1927; Squalicorax curvatus (Williston, 1900); Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax pawpawensis Siverson, Lindgren, & Kelly, 2007, p. 545; Squalicorax primaevus (Dalinkevicius, 1935); Squalicorax primulus (MŸller & Diedrich, 1991); Squalicorax priscoserratus; Squalicorax prisctodontus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis (Glikman, 1971 IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite);

Formation: Bahariya Fm.; Coleraine Fm.; Pawpaw Fm.; Pepper Fm.; Woodbine Fm.;

COUNTRY: Australia; Egypt; Germany; Russia: Saratova Province; U.K.: England; USA: Kansas; Minnesota; Texas;

 

 

Smith, J. B.; Grandstaff, B. S.; Abdel-Ghani, M. 2006. Microstructure of polypterid scales (Osteichthyes: Actinopterygii: Polypteridae) from the Upper Cretaceous Bahariya Formation, Bahariya Oasis, Egypt. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 80(6): 1179-1185

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Cladistia; Osteichthyes; Polypteridae;

Genera/Species: Latinopollia suarezi Meunier & Gayet, 1998; Lepidotus souzai Woodward, 1908; Polypterus Saint-Hilaire, 1802; Polypterus bartheli Schaal, 1984;

Formation: Bahariya Fm.;

COUNTRY: Egypt;

 

 

Smith, J. Hays 1900. Fish four million years old. Metropol. Mag., N. Y. Vol. 12: 498-506. Figs.

MFNA-TL-NS

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic

Higher Taxonomic Rank: A popular article on Triassic fishes of Boonton, New Jersey.

Formation: Boonton

COUNTRY: USA: New Jersey

 

 

Smith, M. M. 199_. Microstructure and evolution of enamel amongst osteichthyan fishes and early tetrapods. pp. 73-101. IN: Smith, P.; Tchernov, E. Structure, Function and Evolution of Teeth. Tel Aviv. Freund Publ. House

MFNA-TL

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late

Genera/Species: Saurichthys longidens; Sargodon sp.;

COUNTRY: Germany

 

 

Smith, M. M.; Coates, M. I. 1998. Evolutionary origins of the vertebrate dentition: phylogenetic patterns and developmental evolution. European Journal of Oral Sciences. Vol. 106((supplement 1): 482-500

MFNA

 

 

Smith, P. L.; Tipper, H. W. 1986. Plate tectonics and Paleobiogeography: Early Jurassic (Pliensbachian) Endemism and Diversity. Palaios. Vol. 1: 399-412

MFNA-JE

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias)-Pliensbachian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: no fishes but good discussion of Simpson similarity coefficients

Formation: Wrangellia; Stikinia; Quesnellia; Sonomia; Boreal Craton, North Slope;

COUNTRY: USA: Alaska; Arizona; California; Colorado; Idaho; Montana; New Mexico; Nevada; Oregon; Utah; Washington; Wyoming; CANADA: Alberta; British Columbia; Yukon; Northwest Territories; Mexico;

 

 

Smith, Woodward A. 1889. Preliminary notes on some new and little-known British Jurassic fishes. Geological Magazine. Vol. 36: 448-455

MFNA

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic

Genera/Species: Leedsichthys

 

 

Smith, Wooward A. 1890. Notes on some new and little-known British Jurassic fishes. Report British Association for the Advancement of Science. Vol. 59: 585-586

MFNA

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic

Genera/Species: Leedsichthys

 

 

Smith, Woodward A. 1890. Note on the gill-rakers of Leedsia problematica a gigantic fish from the Oxford Clay. Geological Magazine. Vol. 37: 292-293

MFNA

Genera/Species: Leedsichthys problematica

 

 

SolŽ, R. V.; Manrubia, S. C.; Benton, M.; Bak, P. 1997. Self-similarity of extinction statistics in the fossil record. Nature. Vol. 388(6644): 764-767

MFNA

 

 

Soler-Gij—n, R. 1998. Heterochrony and the evolution of Xenacanth sharks. pp. 46-47. IN: Ginter, M.; Wilson, M. V. H. (eds.). IGCP 406 Circum-Arctic Palaeozoic Faunas and Facies. Warsaw, Poland, September 3-8, 1998. Faculty of Geology, Warsaw University. Vol. Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication 4: 1-62

MFNA

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Xenacanth sharks

 

 

Soler-Gij—n, R.; L—pez-Mart’nez, N. 1998. Sharks and rays (chondrichthyes) from the Upper Cretaceous red beds of the south-central Pyrenees (Lleida, Spain): indices of an India-Eurasia connection. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Vol. 141: 1-12

MFNA-T; MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Barremian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes; Hemiscylliidae; Hybodontidae; Lamnidae; Myliobatidae; Rhinobatidae; Rhombodontidae;

Genera/Species: Hemiscyllium; Igdabatis; Igdabatis indicus; Igdabatis sigmodon Cappetta, 1972; Lissodus; Rhinobatos; Rhombodus; Rhombodus andriesi; Rhombodus binkhorsti; Rhombodus levis; Rhombodus meridionalis; Rhombodus microdon;

Formation: ArŽn Fm.; Tremp Fm.;

COUNTRY: India; Morocco; Niger; Spain; USA: New Jersey;

 

 

Soler-Gij—n, R.; L—pez-Mart’nez, N. 2005. Nomenclature and homologizations of cranial bones in Actinopterygians. pp. 227-228. IN: Poyato-Ariza, Francisco JosŽ (editor). Extended Abstracts. Fourth International Meeting on Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics, Homology, and Nomenclature. Ediciones Universidad Aut—noma de Madrid. Miraflores de la Sierra, Madrid, Spain August 8th-14th, 2005. 310 pp.

MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Lancian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyans; fishes; Lepisosteidae; osteichthyans; Osteoglossidae; Pycnodontiformes; rays; Siluriformes;

Genera/Species: Coelodus; Igdabatis indicus; Ocloedus; Rhombodus; Stephanodus;

Formation: El Molino Fm.; Tremp Fm.;

COUNTRY: Africa; Bolivia; Eurasia; India;

 

 

Soler-Gij—n, R.; Poyato-Ariza, F. J. 1995. Overview of the Early Cretaceous Chondrichthyan fauna from Montsec (LŽrida, Spain). Pp. 145-149. IN: II International Symposium on Lithographic Limestones. Lleida-Cuenca, Spain 9th-16th July 1995. Ediciones de la Universidad Autonoma de Madrid.

MFNA-CE,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838; Euselachii Hay, 1902; Hybodontidae Owen, 1846;

Genera/Species: Hybodus Agassiz, 1837; Hybodus woodwardi Vidal, 1915; Lissodus Brough, 1935; Paleoxyris; Spirangium Sauvage, 1905;

COUNTRY: LŽrida, Spain

 

 

Sorbini, L. 1979. Segnalazione di un Plettognato Cretacico Plectocretacicus nov. gen. Bolletino Museo Civ. St. Nat. Verona. Vol. 6: 1-4

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian

Genera/Species: Plectocretacicus clarae Sorbini, 1979, p. 2

Formation: Giurese

COUNTRY: Lebanon

 

 

Sorbini, L.; Bannikov, A. F. 1991. The Cretaceous fishes of Nardo. 2. An enigmatic spiny-rayed fish. Bollettino della Societˆ Paleontologica Italiana. Vol. 30(2): 239-249

MFNA-C;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Nardoichthyidae Sorbini & Bannikov, 1991; Perciformes; Percoidei; Trachinoidei;

Genera/Species: Gasterorhamphosus zuppichinii Sorbini, 1981; Nardoichthys Sorbini & Bannikov, 1991, p. 240; Nardoichthys francisci Sorbini & Bannikov, 1991, p. 240;

COUNTRY: Italy;

 

 

Sorbini, L.; Landini, W. 1992. DonnŽes rŽcentes sur les ichthyofaunes du Miocne et du Pliocne d'Italie. GŽobios. Vol. 14: 151-157

MFNA

COUNTRY: Italy

 

 

Sorbini, L.; Landini, W. 1993. Composizione qualitativa e distribuzione spaziale delle comunitˆ ittiche di alcuni ambienti recifali dei Cayos di Chichiriviche e dell'isola dos Moquises Sur (Venezuela). Boll. Mus. Civ. St. Nat. Verona. Vol. 17: 541-562

MFNA

COUNTRY: Venezuela

 

 

Sorbini, L.; Landini, W. 1993 (in press). Biogeographic and palaeoclimatic relationships of the Middle Pliocene ichthyofauna of the Samoggia Torrent (Bologna). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Vol.

MFNA

COUNTRY: Bologna, Italy

 

 

Sorbini, L.; Roveri, M. 1992. Documentazione sedimentologica e paleontologica di un evento anossico mediopliocenico. Giornale di Geologia. Vol. 54(1): 37-53

MFNA

 

 

Spangenburg, S. B. 2001. New cephalic shark spine of the Lower Cretaceous Wyoming. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Abstracts of Papers. 61st Annual Meeting Society of Vertebrate Paleontology. Museum of the Rockies Montana State University Bozeman, Montana October 3-6, 2001. Vol. 21(Supplement to Number 3.): 103A

MFNA-CE

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: hybodont shark

Formation: Lower Muddy Sandstone

COUNTRY: USA: Wyoming

 

 

Sparks, J. S.; Smith, W. L. 2004. Phylogeny and biogeography of cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Perciformes: Cichlidae). Cladistics. Vol. 20(6): 501-517

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cichlidae; Cichlinae; Perciformes; Pseudocrenilabrinae; Ptychochrominae; Teleostei

Genera/Species: Etroplus; Paretroplus;

COUNTRY: Africa; Australia; India; Madagascar; South America; Sri Lanka;

 

 

Spicer, R. A.; Parrish, J. T. 1990. Latest Cretaceous woods of the Central North Slope, Alaska. Palaeontology. Vol. 33(1): 225-242

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian, Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian

Genera/Species: wood

Formation: Prince Creek

COUNTRY: USA: Alaska

 

 

Spray, J. G.; Kelley, S. P.; Rowley, D. B. 1998. Evidence for a late Triassic multiple impact event on Earth. Nature. Vol. 392(6672: 171-173

MFNA-TL,

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Late;

 

 

Springer, V. G. 1957. A new genus and species of elopid fish (Laminospondylus transversus) from the Upper Cretaceous of Texas. Copeia. Vol. 1957: 135-140, 1 fig., 1 pl., 1 table.

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: elopid

Genera/Species: Laminospondylus transversus

COUNTRY: USA: Texas

 

 

Stahl, B. 2001. Chimaeroid fishes with Ganodus-form tooth plates: grade or clade? p. 59. IN: Tintori, Andrea (ed.). UNIMI. III International Meeting on Mesozoic Fishes Systematics, Paleoenvironments and Biodiversity. Serpiano - Monte San Giorgio (TI-CH) --- 26-31 August 2001. 78 pp.

MFNA-CL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: chimaeroid

Genera/Species: Ganodus

COUNTRY: Chile

 

 

Stahl, B. J. 1997. Review of: Early Vertebrates, Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics, Vol. 33 by Philippe Janvier. Quarterly Review of Biology. Vol. 72(4): 461

MFNA

 

 

Stahl, B. J. 1999. Mesozoic holocephalians. pp. 9-19. IN: Arratia, Gloria, and Schultze, Hans-Peter (eds.). Mesozoic Fishes 2: Systematics and the Fossil Record. Proceedings of the International Meeting Buckow, 1997. MŸnchen, Deutschland. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. 604 pp.

MFNA-T; MFNA-J; MFNA-C;

Geologic Age: Mesozoic; Triassic-Triassic; Jurassic-Jurassic; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias)-Pliensbachian; Jurassic-Jurassic Late (Malm)-Tithonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: holocephalians

Genera/Species: Acanthorhina; Acanthorhina jaekeli; Amylodon; Belgorodon; Brachymylus altidens; Callorhinchus; Chimaeropsis; Echinochimaera; Edaphodon mirificus; Elasmodectes; Elasmodus; Eomanodon; Ganodus; Halonodon; Harriotta; Ischyodus; Ischyodus avitus; Ischyodus quenstedti; Ischyodus schŸbleri; Ischyodus suevicus; Lebediodon; Metopacanthus; Myriacanthus; Myriacanthus paradoxus; Squaloraja; Squaloraja polyspondyla; Stoilodon;

COUNTRY: U.K.: England; Germany; Lebanon; Russia;

 

 

Stahl, B. J. 1999. Chondrichthyes III, Holocephali. IN: Schultze, H.-P. (ed.). Handbook of Paleoichthyology. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. Munich, Germany. Vol. 4:1-164 pp.

MFNA, MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Mesozoic, Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Holocephali.

Genera/Species: Eumylodus laqueatus Leidy, 1873, p. 309 [Woodward, 1891, said it was a vomerine of Edaphodon], is listed on p. 282 [listed as valid by Stahl, 1999, p. 140, as Edaphodon laqueatus (Leidy, 1873, p. 309)].

COUNTRY: USA: Mississippi

 

 

Stahl, B. J. 2004. The structure of the early chimaeroid dentition. pp. 11-16. IN: Arratia, Gloria; Tintori, Andrea (ed.). Mesozoic Fishes 3 Systematics, Paleoenvironments and Biodiversity. Proceedings of the international meeting Serpiano, 2001. MŸnchen, Deutschland. Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. 649 pp.

MFNA-J; MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Early; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias)-Pliensbachian; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias)-Toarcian; Jurassic-Jurassic Middle (Dogger)-Bathonian; Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Genera/Species: Bathytheristes gracilis (Duffin, 1995); Chimaera (Ganodus) colei Agassiz, 1843; Chimaera zangerli Stahl & Chatterjee, 1999; Elasmodectes; Elasmodectes kiprijanoffi (Nessov, et ali, 1986); Elasmodectes (Ganodus) oweni; Elasmodectes (Chimaera) zangerli (Stahl & Chatterjee, 1999); Eomanodon; Eomanodon simmsi; Ganodus Agassiz, 1843; Ganodus dentatus; Ganodus kiprijanoffi Nessov, et ali, 1986; Ischyodus; Ischyodus colei;

Formation: Lopez de Bertodano Fm.; Quiriquina Fm.

COUNTRY: Russia; Antarctica; Western South America: Chile; U.K.: England;

 

 

Stahl, B. J.; Chatterjee, S. 1999. A Late Cretaceous chimaerid (Chondrichthyes, Holocephali) from Seymour Island, Antarctica. Palaeontology. Vol. 42(6): 979-990

MFNA-J; MFNA-CL;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Callorhynchidae; Chimaeria Rafinesque, 1815; Chimaeridae Bonaparte, 1831; Chimaeriformes Obruchev, 1953; Chimaeroidei Patterson, 1965; Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Holocephali Bonaparte, 1832; Rhinochimaeridae; Subterbranchialia Zangerl, 1979;

Genera/Species: Amylodon Nessov & Averianov, 1996b; Bathytheristus; Belgorodan bogolubovi Nessov & Averianov, 1996b; Callorhinchus hectori; Chimaera Linneaus, 1758; Chimaera zangleri Stahl & Chatterjee, 1999, p. 982; Edaphodon; Eomanodon; Ganodus; Ganodus dentatus; Ganodus oweni; Harriotta; Harriotta lehmani; Ischyodus; Neoharriotta; Pachymylus; Pachymylus leedsi; Stoilodon aenigma Nessov & Averianov, 1996b;

Formation: Hornerstown Marl; La Mesta Fm.; Lopez de Bertano Fm.; Sobral Fm.;

COUNTRY: Antarctica; France; Germany; Lebanon; New Zealand; Russia; U.K.: England; USA: New Jersey; Texas;

 

 

Stahl, B. J.; Chatterjee, S. 2002. A Late Cretaceous callorhynchid (Chondrichthyes, Holocephali) from Seymour Island, Antarctica. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 22(4): 848-850

MFNA-C;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Callorhynchidae Garman, 1901; Chimaeriformes Obruchev, 1953; Chimaeroidei Patterson, 1965; Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Holocephali Bonaparte, 1832; Subterbranchialia Zangerl, 1979;

Genera/Species: Chimaera seymourensis Ward & Grande, 1991; Chimaera zangleri Stahl & Chatterjee, 1999; Ischyodus Egerton, 1843; Ischyodus dolloi Leriche, 1902;

Formation: La Meseta Fm.; Lopez de Bertadano Fm.;

COUNTRY: Antarctica;

 

 

Stahl, B. J.; Parris, D. C. 2004. The complete dentition of Edaphodon mirificus (Chondrichthyes: Holocephali) from a single individual. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 78(2): 388-392

MFNA-CL-GA;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Callorhynchidae Garman, 1901; Chimaeriformes Obruchev, 1953; Chimaeroidei Patterson, 1965; Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Edaphodontinae Stahl, 1999; Holocephali Bonaparte, 1832; Subterbranchialia Zangerl, 1979;

Genera/Species: Edaphodon Buckland, 1838; Edaphodon mirificus Leidy, 1856;

Formation: Hornerstown Fm.;

COUNTRY: USA: New Jersey;

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1905. Protostega gigas and other Cretaceous reptiles and fishes from the Kansas Chalk. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 19: 123-128, pls. xviii, xix.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Genera/Species: Protostega gigas

Formation: Kansas Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1906. Some animals discovered in the fossil beds of Kansas. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. Vol. 20: 122-124.

MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1907. Portheus molossus Cope, and other fishes from the Kansas Chalk. Notice in Science, n.s. Vol. 25: 295.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Genera/Species: Portheus molossus Cope

Formation: Kansas Chalk

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1909. The life of a fossil hunter, with an introduction by Henry Fairfield Osborn. New York, New York. xiii, 286 pp. 44 figs. 8¡.

MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Genera/Species: Portheus molossus Cope, p. 54-60.

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1913. Expeditions to the Miocene of Wyoming and the chalk beds of Kansas. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. Vol. 26: 45-49. pl.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Formation: Kansas Chalk Beds

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1914. Notes on the fossil vertebrates collected on the Cope Expedition to the Judith River and Cow Island beds, Montana. Science, n.s. Vol. 40: 134-135

MFNA-CL-FL

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Formation: Judith River Beds

COUNTRY: USA: Montana

 

 

Steuber, T.; Rauch, M.; Masse, J.-P.; Graaf, J.; Malkoc, M. 2005. Low-latitude seasonality of Cretaceous temperatures in warm and cold episodes. Nature. Vol. 437: 1341-1344

MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fish remains

 

 

Stewart, Alban S. 1898. A contribution to the knowledge of the ichthyic fauna of the Kansas Cretaceous. Kansas University Quarterly. Vol. 7(1): 21-29, pls. I, II.

MFNA-C

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes; Saurocephalidae Berg, 1940;

Genera/Species: Daptinus broadheadi Stewart, 1898, p. 24, pl. 2, fig. 1(= Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830, p. 476);

COUNTRY: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Stewart, Alban S. 1898. A preliminary description of seven new species of fish from the Cretaceous of Kansas. Kansas University Quarterly. Vol. 7(A): 191-196, pl. & 3 figs.

MFNA-C

Geologic