Arratia, G.; Lambers, P. 1996. The caudal skeleton of pachycormiforms: Parallel evolution? pp. 191-218. IN: Arratia, G.; Viohl, G. (ed.). Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics and Paleoecology. Proceedings of the international meeting EichstŠtt, 1993. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.MŸnchen, Germany.  576 pp.

MFNA-JE, MFNA-JL, MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias); Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Pachycormiformes; aspidorhynchiforms;

Genera/Species: Aspidorhynchus; Dapedium; Eurycormus speciosus; Euthynotus; Euthynotus incognitus; Hulettia; Hypsocormus; Hypsocormus insignis; Leptolepis coryphaenoides; Pachycormus; Pachycormus curtus; Pholidophorus bechei; Prohalecites; Protosphyraena; Protosphyraena pernicosa; Protosphyraena tenius; Tetragonolepis; Vinctifer;

Formation: Holzmaden; Solnhofen; Niobrara Fm.

Country: USA: Kansas; Germany;

 

 

Ashworth, Allan C. 2004. Eastern North Dakota Field Course 2004. Geology 304. North Dakota State University. Fargo, North Dakota. 1-53 pp.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: sharks, bony fish

Formation: Pierre Shale

Country: USA: North Dakota

 

 

Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1872. Cope on the fossil fish of the Kansas Cretaceous. Ann. REC. SCI. Vol. 1872-73:258

MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fish

Country: Kansas

 

 

Bardack, D. 1976. Paracanthopterygian and acanthopterygian fishes from the Upper Cretaceous of Kansas. Fieldiana: Geology. Vol. 33(20):355-374

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Polymixiiformes Rosen and Patterson, 1969; Polymixiidae Gill, 1862; Holocentridae Richardson, 1846;

Genera/Species: Omosoma Costa, 1857, p. 106; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976, p. 356; Kansius Hussakof, 1929; Kansius sternbergi Hussakof, 1929;

Formation: Kansas, Niobrara Fm., Smoky Hill Chalk Member; Taylor Marl of Texas;

Country: Kansas, Trego County, Sec. 16, T11S, R24W. Kansas, Gove County, 12 miles south of Quinter; Texas;

 

 

Bardack, D.; Sprinkle, G.1969. Morphology and relationships of saurocephalid fishes. Fieldiana: Geology. Vol. 16(11:297-340

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Saurocephalidae Berg, 1940;

Genera/Species: Daptinus Cope, 1873, p. 339; Daptinus broadheadi Loomis, 1900, p. 252; Daptinus phlebotonum Crook, 1892, p. 123; Daptinus phlebotomus (Cope, 1873, p. 339); Ichthyodectes goodeanus Cope, 1877, p. 176; Ichthyodectes prognathus Cope, 1872, p. 340; Saurocephalus Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus arapahovius Cope, 1872, p. 343; Saurocephalus dentatus Stewart, 1898, p. 25, pl. 1, figs. 3,4; Saurocephalis goodeanus Hay, 1903, p. 52;Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824, p. 337, plate 12; Saurocephalus pamphagus Hay, 1899, p. 303, pl. 1, figs. 5; Saurocephalus phlebotomus Cope, 1870; Saurocephalus prognathus Cope, 1870, p. 532; Saurocephalis xiphirostris Hay, 1903, p. 51; Saurodon broadheadi (Stewart, 1898, p. 178); Saurodon ferox Stewart, 1898, p. 178; Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830, p. 475, plate 16; Saurodon phlebotomus (Cope, 1877, p. 588); Saurodon xiphirostris Stewart, 1898, p. 178;

Formation: Navesink Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Selma Chalk; Pierre Shale;

Country: North America; England, U.K.; Europe; U.S.A.: Kansas; Alabama; New Jersey; South Dakota; Wyoming;

 

 

Beavan, N. R.1995. A marine fossil assemblage from the Foremost Formation (Cretaceous, Campanian), southern Alberta, and an evaluation of North American Cretaceous elasmobranch biostratigraphy. M.Sc. thesis. University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta. 1-163 pp.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: elasmobranch

Formation: Foremost Formation

Country: North America: CANADA: southern Alberta

 

 

Beeson, E. R.; Shimada, K.2004. Vertebrates from a unique bonebed of the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Chalk, western Kansas. (ABSTRACT). p. 37a. IN: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 24(Supplement to Number 3):p. 37A.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Albulidae; Plethodidae; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Cimolichthys nepholica; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Enchodus gladiolus; Enchodus petrosus; Enchodus shumardi; Ichthyodectes ctenodon; Pachyrhizodus minimus; Palaeobalistum; Rhinobatos; Squalicorax falcatus; Squalicorax volgensis; Stratodus cf. S. apicalis;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk; Smoky Hill Chalk Member;

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

 

Belouze, A.; Gayet, M.1999. First occurrence of simultaneous presence of complete pectoral girdle and pelvic fins in Anguilliformes from the Cretaceous of Lebanon. C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Sciences de la terre et des plantes/Earth & Planetary Sciences. Vol. 329:683-688

MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anguilliformes

Genera/Species: Anguillavus; Anguillavus bathshebae; Anguillavus quadripinnis; Enchelion; Enchelurus; Urenchelys; Urenchelys abditus; Urenchelys avus; Urenchelys germanus; Urenchelys hakelensis;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.;

Country: Lebanon; Kansas, USA; Denmark; Germany; Italy;

 

 

Blanco-Pi–—n, A.; Alvarado-Ortega, J. 2005. Fishes from La Mula Quarries, a new Late Cretaceous locaility from the vicinity of Mœzquiz, Coahuila, NE Mexico.  pp. 37-41. IN: Poyato-Ariza, Francisco JosŽ (ed.). Extended Abstracts. Fourth International Meeting on Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics, Homology, and Nomenclature. Miraflores de la Sierra, Madrid, Spain August 8th-14th, 2005. Ediciones Universidad Aut—noma de Madrid. 310 pp.

MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: elasmobranchs; elopiform; Enchodontidae; hybodontid; Ichthyodectidae; Ichthyodectiformes; Pachyrhizodontidae; teleosts; Tselfatiiformes;

Genera/Species: Enchodus; Goulmimichthys; Laminospondylus; Ptychodus; Tselfatia;

Formation: La Mula Quarries; Eagle Ford Fm.;

Country: Mexico: Coahuila; North America;

 

 

Case, G. R.; Tokaryk, T. T.; Baird, D. 1990. Selachians from the Niobrara Formation of the Upper Cretaceous (Coniacian) of Carrot River, Saskatchewan, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. Vol. 27(8):1084-1094

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Batomorphii Cappetta, 1980; Chondrichthyes; Elasmobranchii; Euselachii Hay, 1902; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Mobulidae Gill, 1893; Mobuloidea Whitley, 1936; Myliobatiformes Compagno, 1973; Neoselachii Compagno, 1977; Odontaspididae Muller & Henle, 1839 sic Case & Baird, 1990, p. 1085; Ptychodontidae Jaekel, 1898; Rajiformes Berg, 1940; Rhinobatidae Muller & Henle, 1838; Rhinobatoidei Fowler, 1941;

Genera/Species: Cretodus; Cretomanta Case & Baird, 1990, p. 1092; Cretomanta canadensis Case, Tokaryk  & Baird, 1990, p. 1092; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz); Odontaspis Agassiz, 1838; Odontaspis saskatchewanensis Case, Tokaryk & Baird, 1990, p. 1085; Ptychodus; Ptychodus rugosus Dixon, 1850; Rhinobatos Linck, 1790; Rhinobatos grandis (Davis); Rhinobatos hakelensis; Rhinobatos incertus (Cappetta, 1973, p. 509); Rhinobatos intermedius (Davis); Rhinobatos latus (Davis); Rhinobatos maronita (Pictet & Humbert); Rhinobatos primarmatus (Woodward); Rhinobatos tenuirostris (Davis); Rhinobatos whitfieldi (Hay); Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi; Squalicorax pristodontus; Synodontaspis White, 1931; Synodontaspis lilliae Case, Tokaryk  & Baird, 1990, p. 1085;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Niobrara Fm.;

Country: Canada: Saskatchewan; Lebanon; USA: South Dakota;

 

 

Cochran, J. K.; Landman, N. H.; Turekian, K. K.; Michard, A.; Schrag, D. P. 2003. Paleoceanography of the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Western Interior Seaway of North America: evidence from Sr and O isotopes. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Vol. 191:45-64

MFNA-CL-KC, MFNA-CL-FL,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian

Formation: Pierre Shale; Fox Hills Fm.; Hell Creek Fm.; Severn Fm.; Elk Butte; Mobridge Members; Trail City; Timber Lake;

Country: Maryland; North America;

 

 

Cope, E. D.1874. Review of the vertebrata of the Cretaceous period found west of the Mississippi River. Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. Vol. 1(2):3-48

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous;

Genera/Species: Apsopelix sauriformis Cope, 1870, p. 424; Daptinus phlebotomus (Cope, 1870); Empo contracta Cope, 1874, p. 46; Empo merrillii Cope, 1874, p. 46; Enchodus anceps (Cope, 1872, p. 552); Enchodus calliodon Cope, 1872, p. 354; Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874, p. 44; Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856, p. 257; Erisichthe nitida Cope, 1872, p. 280; Galeocerdo crassidens Cope, 1872, p. 355; Galeocerdo falcatus Agassiz; Galeocerdo hartvellii Cope, 1872, p. 356; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1872, p. 339; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes hamatus Cope, 1872, p. 340; Ichthyodectes multidentatus Cope, 1872, p. 342; Ichthyodectes perniciosus Cope, 1874, p. 41; Ichthyodectes prognathus Cope, 1872, p. 341; Lamna; Otodus divariacatus Leidy, p. 305;  Oxyrhina; Oxyrhina extenta Leidy, p. 302; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1871, p. 344; Pachyrhizodus kingii Cope, 1871, p. 346; Pachyrhizodus latimentum Cope, 1871, p. 346; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874, p. 42; Phasganodus dirus Leidy, 1857, p. 167; Phasganodus gladiolus Cope, 1872, p. 353; Pelecoraphis varius Cope, 1874, p. 39; Portheus gladius Cope, 1873, p. 338; Portheus lestrio Cope, 1873, p. 337; Portheus molossus Cope, 1871, p. 173; Portheus mudgei Cope, 1874, p. 40; Portheus thaumas (Cope, 1870); Ptychodus mortoni Agassiz; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868, p. 207; Ptychodus polygyrus Agassiz; Ptychodus whippleyi Marcou, 1858, p. 33; Saurocephalus arapahovius Cope, 1872, p. 343; Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824, p. 337; Sporetodus janevaii Cope, 1874, p. 47; Stratodus apicalis Cope, 1872, p. 349; Tetheodus pephredo Cope, 1874, p. 43;

Formation: Benton; Niobrara;

Country: USA: Colorado; Dakota Territory; Kansas; New Mexico;

 

 

Cope, E. D.1875. The Vertebrata of the Cretaceous formations of the West. Report of the United States Geological Survey of the Territories. Vol. 2:1-303; 57 pls.

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Holocephali; Ischyrhizidae; Mugilidae; Pisces; Saurodontidae; Selachii; Stratodontidae;

Genera/Species: Anogmius Cope, 1871, p. 327; Anogmius contractus Cope, 1871; Apsopelix Cope, 1870, p. 424; Apsopelix sauriformis Cope, 1870, p. 424; Baptosaurus fraternus (Marsh, 1869, p. 397); Baptosaurus platyspondylus (Marsh, 1869, p. 395); Beryx insculptus  Cope, 1869; Bryactinus Cope, 1875, p. 282; Bryactinus amorphus Cope, 1875, p. 282; Carcharodon Agassiz, 1833; Carcharodon angustidens Agassiz, 1833; Cimolichthys semianceps Cope, 1872, p. 351; Cimolichthys sulcatus Cope, 1872, p. 351; Cladocyclus Cope, 1875, p. 256; Clidastes; Daptinus Cope; Conosaurus bowmanii Gibbes, 1851, p. 10; Daptinus phlebotomus (Cope, 1870); Diphrissa Cope, 1875, p. 283; Diphrissa latidens Cope, 1875, p. 283; Diphrissa solidula Cope, 1875, p. 283; Diplotomodon horrificus (Leidy, 1868, p. 202); Edaphodon; Edaphodon laqueatus (Leidy, 1873, p. 309); Edaphodon mirificus Leidy, 1856, p. 221; Empo Cope, 1875, pp. 228-230; Empo contracta Cope, 1874, p. 46; Empo merrillii Cope, 1874, p. 46; Empo nep¾olica Cope1872, p. 347; Empo semianceps (Cope, 1872, p. 351); Empo sulcata  Cope, 1874, p. 46; Enchodus Agassiz; Enchodus calliodon Cope, 1875, p. 240; Enchodus dolichus Cope, 1875, pp. 239-240; Enchodus ferox Morton & Leidy, 1855, p. 397; Enchodus oxytomus Cope, 1875, p. 278; Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1875, p. 239; Enchodus pressidens Cope, 1869, p. 241; Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856, p. 257; Enchodus tetr¾cus Cope, 1875, p. 278; Erisichthe; Erisichthe nitida Cope, 1872, p. 280; Erisichthye Cope, 1872, p. 280; Erisichthe angulata Cope, 1872; Erisichthye nitida Cope, 1875, pp. 217-218; Eumylodus Leidy, 1873, p. 309; Eumylodus laqueatus Leidy, 1873, p. 309; Galeocerdo M. & H.; Galeocerdo crassidens Cope, 1872, p. 355; Galeocerdo falcatus Agassiz, 1833; Galeocerdo hartvellii Cope, 1872, p. 356; Galeocerdo hartwellii Cope, 1875, p. 244; Hypsodon levesiensis; Ichthyodectes Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1872,  p. 339; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870, p. 340; Ichthyodectes hamatus Cope, 1872, p. 340; Ichthyodectes multidentatus Cope, 1872, p. 342; Ichthyodectes perniciosus Cope, 1874, p. 41; Ichthyodectes prognathus Cope, 1872, p. 340-341; Ischyodus Egerton; Ischyodus divaricatus Cope, 1869, p. 292; Ischyodus incrassatus Cope, 1875, p. 289; Ischyodus fecundus Cope, 1875, p. 290; Ischyodus gaskillii Cope, 1875, p. 290; Ischyodus laterigerus; Ischyodus longirostris Cope, 1875, p. 287; Ischyodus miersii (Marsh, 1870, p. 230); Ischyodus mirificus (Leidy, 1856, p. 221); Ischyodus monolophus Cope, 1869, p. 314; Ischyodus smockii; Ischyodus solidulus Cope, 1869, p. 244; Ischyodus sternobryus Cope, 1875, p. 285; Ischyodus tripartitus Cope, 1875, p. 286; Ischyrhiza Leidy, 1856, p. 221; Ischyrhiza antiqua Leidy, 1856, p. 256; Ischyrhiza  mira Leidy, 1856, p. 221; Isot¾nia Cope, 1875, p. 293; Isot¾nia neoc¾sariensis Cope, 1875, p. 293; Lamna Cuvier; Lamna ?cuspidata Agassiz, 1833; Lamna macrorhiza Cope, 1875, p. 297; Lamna mudgei Cope, 1875, p. 297; Lamna texana Roemer; Lepidotus; Leptomylus Cope, 1869, p. 313; Leptomylus cookii Cope, 1870, p. 384; Leptomylus densus Cope, 1869, p. 313; Leptomylus forfex Cope, 1875, p. 281; Liodon congrops Cope, 1870, p. 206; Mylognathus Leidy, 1856. p. 312; Mylognathus priscus Leidy, 1856. p. 312; Otodus Agassiz, 1833; Otodus appendiculatus Agassiz, 1833; Otodus divariacatus Leidy, 1873, p. 305; Oxyrhina Agassiz, 1833; Oxyrhina extenta Leidy, 1873, p. 302; Pachyrhizodus Agassiz; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872, p. 344; Pachyrhizodus kingii Cope, 1872, p. 346; Pachyrhizodus latimentum Cope, 1872, p. 346; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874, p. 42; Pachyrhizodus sheareri Cope, 1872, p. 347; Pelecopterus chirugus Cope, 1875, p. 244E; Pelecopterus gladius Cope, 1875, p. 244E; Pelecopterus perniciosus Cope, 1875, p. 244D; Pelecorapis Cope, 1875, p. 182; Pelecorapis varius Cope, 1874, p. 39; Phasganodus Leidy; Phasganodus anceps (Cope, 1872, p. 352); Phasganodus carinatus (Cope, 1870, p. 424) Phasganodus dirus Leidy, 1856, p. 312; Phasganodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872, p. 353); Phasganodus semistriatus (Marsh, 1870, p. 230); Polygonodon Leidy, 1856, p. 221; Polygonodon vetus Leidy, 1856, p. 221; Portheus Cope, 1871, p. 327; Portheus arcuatus Cope, 1875, p. 204; Portheus gladius Cope, 1873, p. 337; Portheus lestrio Cope, 1873, p. 337; Portheus molossus Cope, 1871, p. 173; Portheus mudgei Cope, 1874, p. 40; Portheus thaumas Cope, 1870, p. 173; Protosphyraena ferox; Protosphyraena striata; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1833, p. 150; Ptychodus janevaii (Cope, 1874, p. 47); Ptychodus janewayii Cope, 1875; Ptychodus mammillaris Agassiz, 1833, p. 151; Ptychodus mortoni Agassiz, 1833, p. 158;  Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868, p. 207; Ptychodus papillosus Cope, 1875, p. 294; Ptychodus polygyrus Agassiz, 1833, p. 156; Ptychodus whippleyi  Leidy, 1858, p. 33; Pycnodus Agassiz, 1833, p. 16, p. 183; Pycnodus faba Agassiz, 1833, p. 292; Saurodon; Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830, p. 476; Saurocephalus Harlan; Saurocephalus arapahovius  Cope, 1872, p. 343; Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan; Saurocephalus phlebotomus Cope; SphagepÏa Cope, 1869, p. 241; SphagepÏa aciculata Cope, 1869, p. 241; Sporetodus janevaii Cope, 1874, p. 47; Stratodus Cope, 1872, p. 348; Stratodus apicalis Cope, 1872, p. 349; Syll¾mus Cope, 1875, p. 180; Syll¾mus latifrons Cope, 1875, p. 181; Tetheodus Cope; Tetheodus pephredo Cope, 1874, p. 43; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870, p. 12 ;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.;  Greensand;

Country: USA: Alabama; Colorado; Dakota territory; Kansas; Mississippi; New Jersey; North Carolina; Nebraska, New Mexico; Wyoming;

 

 

Cope, Edward Drinker 1878. The snout fishes of the Kansas Chalk. Amer. Naturalist. Vol. 12:128-129

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes;

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

 

Corrado, C. A.; Wilhelm, D. A.; Shimada, K.; Everhart, M. J. 2003. A new skeleton of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from Western Kansas. (ABSTRACT). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 23(Supplement to Number 3):43A

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: lamniform shark

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;  Smoky Hill Chalk Member;

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Dante, J. H.1942. Description of fossil fishes from the Upper Cretaceous of North America. American Journal of Science. Vol. 240:339-348, 2 pls.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Clupeidae; Elopidae

Genera/Species: Paleoclupea dakotaensis Dante, 1942; Crossognathus; Syllaemus; Pseudoberyx; Histiothrissa; Diplomystus; Scombroclupea; Thrissopater intestinalis Moodie, 1911;

Formation: Pierre Shale; Austin Chalk; Pecan Gap Chalk;

Country: South Dakota; Texas;

 

 

 

Ebel, G. R. A. 1976. Teeth from cartilaginous fish in Alberta. Alberta Naturalist. Vol. 6(3):180-184

MFNA-J; MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chimaeridae; Chimaeriformes; Chimaeroidei; Chondrichthyes; Cochliodontei (sic Ebel, 1976, p. 183); Cochliodontidae; Dasyatidae; Elasmobranchii; Galeoidea; Heterodontidae; Heterodontoidei; Holocephali; Hybodontidae; Hybodontoidei; Isuridae; Myliobatoidea; Ptychodontidae; Selachii;

Genera/Species: Chimaerotheca stelchi; Deltodus; Lamna; Lonchidion; Myledaphus; Palaeospinax ejuncidus; Ptychodus; Scoliorhiza kellyi;

Formation: Bearpaw Fm.; Edmonton Fm.; Foremost Fm.; Milk River Fm.; Nikanassin Fm.; Oldman Fm.;

Country: Canada: Alberta

 

 

Everhart, M. J. 2004. Late Cretaceous interaction between predators and prey. Evidence of feeding by two species of shark on a mosasaur. PalArch . Vol. 1(1:1-7

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina; Cretoxyrhina mantelli Agassiz, 1843; Squalicorax; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Xiphactinus audax  Leidy, 1870;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Everhart, M. J. 2005. Chapter 4. Sharks: sharp teeth and shell crushers. pp. 46-69. IN: Farlow, James O. (ed.). Oceans of Kansas A Natural History of the Western Interior Sea. Life of the Past. Indiana University Press. Bloomington, Indiana. 322 pp.

MFNA; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian/Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Neoselachii; Scyllidae;

Genera/Species: Acrodus; Carcharias amonensis; Chiloscyllium greeni; Chomodus; Cladodus; Corax curvatus; Corax falcatus; Cretodus semiplicatus; Cretolamna; Cretolamna appendiculata; Cretoxyrhina; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Ctenacanthus; Ctenacanthus amblyxiphias; Ctenacanthus mantelli; Enchodus; Galeocerdo crassidens Cope, 1872b; Galeocerdo falcatus; Galeocerdo hartwelli Cope; Galeorhinus; Hybodus; Ichthyodectes ctenodon; Ischyrhiza mira; Isurus mantelli; Johnlongia; Lamna; Lamna appendiculata; Lamna macrorhiza Cope; Lamna mudgei Cope; Lamna quinquelateralis; Lamna sulcata; Leptostyrax; Leptostyrax bicuspidatus; Leptostyrax macrorhiza;  Lonchidion; Odontaspis; Onchopristis dunklei; Oxyrhina; Oxyrhina mantelli; Paranomotodon; Petalodus; Physonemus; Polyacrodus; Portheus; Pseudocorax laevis; Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi; Ptychodus; Ptychodus anonymus Williston, 1900; Ptychodus decurrens; Ptychodus janewayi (Cope, 1875); Ptychodus mammillaris; Ptychodus martini Williston, 1900; Ptychodus mortoni; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy; Ptychodus polygyrus Williston, 1900; Ptychodus whipplei; Ptchyotrygon triangularis; Rhinobatos; Rhinobatos incertae (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 58); Rhinobatos incertus (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 68); Scapanorhynchus raphiodon; Scyliorhinus; Squalicorax; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax hartwelli (Cope, 1872b); Squalicorax kaupi; Squalicorax pristodontus; Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Dakota Sandstone; Graneros Shale; Greenhorn Limestone; Kiowa Shale; Mooreville Chalk; Niobrara; Pierre Shale; Smokey Hill Chalk;

Country: Australia; Canada; USA: Alabama; Kansas; New Jersey;

 

 

Everhart, M. J.2005. Chapter 5. Fishes, Large and Small. pp. 70-101. IN: Farlow, James O. (ed.). Oceans of Kansas A Natural History of the Western Interior Sea. Indiana University Press. Life of the Past. Bloomington, Indiana. 322 pp.

MFNA-CE-WI; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Abuloidei; Albulidae; Acanthopterygii; Actinopterygii Klein; Amiiformes; Amioidei; Anguillioidei; Anguilliformes; Apsopelicidae; Aspidorhynchidae Woodward, 1896; Aspidorhynchiformes; Bananogmiiformes; Beryciformes; Berycoidei; Coelacanthidae; Coelacanthini; Crossopterygii; Dercetidae; Elopidae; Elopiformes; Elopoidei; Elopomorpha; Enchodontidae; Holocentridae; Holostei; Ichthyodectidae; Ichthyodectoidei; Lepisosteidae; Myctophoidei; Osteichthyes; Osteoglossiformes; Osteoglossimorpha (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 80); Pachycormidae; Pachyrhizodontidae; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Polymixiidae; Polymixiodei (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 81); Protacanthopterygii; Pycnodontidae; Pycnodontiformes; Salmoniformes; Sarcopterygii; Saurodontidae; Semionotiformes; Stratodontidae; Teleostei; Tselfatiformes Nelson, 1994; Urenchelidae;

Genera/Species: Aethocephalichthys hyainarhinos (Fielitz, Stewart, & Wiffen, 1999); Anogmius Cope, 1871, p. 170; Anomoeodus; Apateodus; Apsopelix; Apsopelix anglicus Cope, 1871; Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Bananogmius aratus Cope, 1877; Bananogmius ellisensis Fielitz & Shimada, 1999; Bananogmius evolutus Cope, 1878;  Bananogmius favirostris Cope, 1877; Bananogmius ornatus Woodward, 1923; Bananogmius polymicrodus Stewart, 1898; Belonostomus (Lambe, 1902); Caproberyx Dixon; Cimolichthys Leidy, 1857; Cimolichthys anceps Cope, 1872b; Cimolichthys gladiolus Cope, 1872b; Cimolichthys lavesiensis Leidy, 1857 (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 86); Cimolichthys levesiensis Leidy, 1857; Cimolichthys nephaolica (Cope, 1872b); Cimolichthys semianceps Cope, 1872b; Cimolichthys sulcatus Cope, 1872b; Coelodus; Coelodus brownii; Coelodus stantoni; Coelodus streckeri; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Empo; Empo contracta Cope, 1874, p. 46; Empo merrillii Cope, 1874, p. 46; Empo nephaolica Cope, 1872b, p. 347; Empo nitida; Empo semianceps; Empo sulcatus; Enchodus Agassiz, 1835; Enchodus dirus Leidy, 1858; Enchodus gladiolus Cope, 1872b; Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874; Enchodus shumardi Leidy; Erisichthe; Erisichthe dixoni (Agassiz); Erisichthe nitida Cope, 1873a; Erisichthe ziphioides Cope, 1877b; Gillicus; Gillicus arcuatus Cope, 1875; Hadrodus marshi; Hadrodus priscus; Ichthyodectes Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes perniciosus Cope, 1874, p. 41; Kansius sternbergi Hussakof, 1929; Laminospondylus transversus Springer, 1957; Lepidotes; Lepisosteus; Lepticthys agilis Stewart, 1900 (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 99); Luxilites striolatus Jordan, 1924; Martinichthys McClung, 1926; Martinichthys acutus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys alternatus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys brevis McClung, 1926; Martinichthys gracilis McClung, 1926; Martinichthys intermedius McClung, 1926; Martinichthys latus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys ziphioides (Cope, 1877b); Mesodon; Micropycnodon; Micropycnodon kansasensis Hibbard & Graffham, 1945 (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 79); Micropycnodon kansasensis Hibbard & Graffham, 1941; Niobrara; Niobrara encarsia Jordan, 1924; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976; Pachyrhizodus Dixon, 1850; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874 (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 83); Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1875 (sic Everhart, 2005, p. 79); Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart, 1899; Paraliodesmus guadagnii Dunkle, 1969; Pachyamia; Pelecopterus; Pentanogmius Taverne, 2000; Pentanogmius evolutus (Cope, 1878); Plethodus; Polygonodon; Polygonodon audax (Leidy, 1870); Portheus Cope; Portheus gladius Cope; Portheus molassus; Portheus molossus Cope; Prosaurodon pygmaeus Loomis, 1900; Protosphyraena Leidy, 1857; Protosphyraena bentonianum Stewart, 1898, p. 27; Protosphyraena gladius (Cope, 1873); Protosphyraena nitida (Cope, 1872); Protosphyraena perniciosa (Cope, 1874); Protosphyraena tenuis Loomis, 1900; Protosphyraena ziphioides; Pseudanogmius maiseyi Taverne, 2002; Pseudanogmius maiseyi; Saurocephalus; Saurocephalus audax (Leidy, 1870); Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824; Saurodon Hays; Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830; Squalicorax falcatus; Stratodus; Stratodus apicalus Cope, 1872; Syntegmodus; Syntegmodus altus Loomis, 1900; Thryptodus; Thryptodus zitteli Loomis, 1900; Trachichthyoides; Urenchelys abditus (Wiley & Stewart, 1981); Xiphactinus Leidy; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus vetus; Xiphias dixonii Agassiz; Zanclites xenurus Jordan, 1924;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Dakota Sandstone; Eagle Ford Group; English Chalk; Greenhorn Limestone; Kiowa Shale; Niobrara Chalk; Pierre Shale; Santonian Chalk; Smoky Hill Chalk;

Country: UK: England; USA: Kansas; Missouri; Wyoming;

 

 

Everhart, M. J. 2007. Remains of a pycnodont fish (Actinopterygii: Pycnodontiformes) in a coprolite; an uppermost record of Micropycnodon kansasensis in the Smoky Hill Chalk, western Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 110(1/2):35-43

MFNA-CE-WI;  MFNA-CL-TU; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Neopterygii Regan, 1923; Pycnodontidae Agassiz, 1833; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1937;

Genera/Species: Coelodus brownii Cope, 1895; Coelodus stantoni Williston; Coelodus streckeri Hibbard, 1939; Hadrodus; Hadrodus marshii Gregory, 1950; Hadrodus priscus; Micropycnodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1945; Micropycnodon kansasensis Hibbard & Graffham, 1941; Palaeobalistum; Protosphyraena perniciosa; Ptychodus;

Formation: Kiowa Shale; Smoky Hill Chalk;

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Everhart, Michael J.; Caggiano, Tom. 2004. An associated dentition and calcified vertebral centra of the Late Cretaceous elasmobranch, Ptychodus anonymus Williston 1900. Paludicola. Vol. 4(4):125-136

MFNA-CL-TU; MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838; Euselachii Hay, 1902; Hybodontoidea Zangerl, 1981; Neoselachii Compagno, 1977; Ptychodontidae Jaekel, 1898;

Genera/Species: Cimolichthys nepaholica; Cretolamna appendiculata; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Enchodus gladiolus; Enchodus petrosus; Gillicus arcuatus; Ichthyodectes ctenodon; Martinichthys brevis; Pachyrhizodus caninus; Pachyrhizodus minimus; Paraliodesmus gaudagnii; Protosphyraena nitida; Protosphyraena perniciosa; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1835; Ptychodus anonymus Williston,1900; Ptychodus anonymus anonymus Williston,1900; Ptychodus anonymus blechroconus; Ptychodus decurrens; Ptychodus janewayi; Ptychodus mammillarus; Ptychodus martini Williston 1900; Ptychodus mortoni; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868; Ptychodus polygyrus; Ptychodus whipplei; Saurodon leanus; Scapanorhynchus raphiodon; Squalicorax falcatus; Thryptodus zitteli; Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk Fm.

Country: Canada; USA: Alabama; California; Georgia; Kansas; Mississippi; New Mexico; South Dakota; Texas; Utah; Wyoming;

 

 

Everhart, M. J.; Caggiano, T.; Shimada, K. 2003. Occurrenc of five species of ptychodontid sharks from a single locality in the Smoky Hill Chalk (Late Cretaceous: Late Coniacian) of western Kansas. (ABSTRACT). p. 29. IN: Abstract Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 22:29

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: sharks

Genera/Species: Ptychodus (Agassiz); Ptychodus anonymus Williston; Ptychodus cf. Ptychodus latissimus Agassiz; Ptychodus martini Williston; Ptychodus mortoni Mantell; Ptychodus polygyrus Agassiz;

Formation: Greenhorn Limestone; Niobrara Formation;

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Fielitz, C.; Bardack, D. 1992. Deltaichthys albuloides, a new and unusually preserved albulid (Teleostei) probably from the Cretaceous of Texas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 12:133-141

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Elopiformes Greenwood et ali, 1966; Albuloidei Greenwood et ali, 1966;Albulidae Bleeker, 1859; Pterothrissidae; Albulidae; pycnodontiform; Tselfatiformes J. S. Nelson, 1994; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900;

Genera/Species: Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Bananogmius ellisensis Fielitz and Shimada, 1999, p. 505; Deltaichthys Fielitz and Bardack, 1992; Deltaichthys  albuloides Fielitz and Bardack, 1992, p. 133; Cretodus crassidens; Cretolamna appendiculata; Squalicorax falcatus; Scapanorhynchus raphiodon; Ptychodus anonymus; Ptychodus whipplei; Ptychodus cf. polygyrus; Enchodus;

Formation: TCM; Eagle Ford Shale; Smoky Hill Chalk Member, Niobrara Chalk Fm.; Blue Hill shale; Benton Limestone Fm.; Pierre Shale Fm.;

Country: Brazil; USA: South Dakota; Texas; Kansas;

 

 

Fielitz, C.; Stewart, J. D.; Wiffen, J.1999.  Aethocephalichthys hyainarhinos gen. et sp. nov., a new and enigmatic Late Cretaceous actinopterygian from North America and New Zealand pp. 95-106. IN: Arratia, Gloria, and Schultze, Hans-Peter (ed.). Mesozoic Fishes 2: Systematics and the Fossil Record. Proceedings of the International Meeting Buckow, 1997. MŸnchen, Deutschland.  Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. 604 pp.

MFNA-CL-GA, MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii Klein, 1885;

Genera/Species:  Aethocephalichthys hyainarhinos Fielitz, Stewart, and Wiffen, 1999, p. 97; Pachyrhizodus

Formation: TCM; Niobrara Fm.; Eutaw Fm.; Pierre Shale Fm.; Maungataniwha Sandstone Fm.;

Country: USA: Mississippi; Kansas; Wyoming; South Dakota; New Zealand

 

 

Fishman, S.E.; Fielitz, C.; Shimada, K.1995. Stratigraphic record of the Late Cretaceous genus Enchodus (Osteichthyes: Teleostei) in Kansas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 15(Supplement to Number 3):28A

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late Cenomanian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteichthyes; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Enchodus

Formation: TCM; Codell Sandstone; Fairport Chalk; Fort Hays Limestone; Graneros Shale; Lincoln Limestone; Sharon Springs Shale; Smokey Hill Chalk;

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Forey, P.L.1973. A revision of the elopiform fishes, fossil and Recent. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology. Vol. 10:1-222; 92 text-figures

MFNA-JL, MFNA-CL, MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian;  Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Elopiformes; Anguilliformes; Notacanthiformes; Plethodontidae; Elopidae Bonaparte, 1846;

Genera/Species: Anaethalion; Sedenhorstia; Notelops; Rhacolepis; Pachyrhizodus; Thrissopater;  Esocelops; Spaniodon; Thrissopteroides; Ananogmius White and Moy-Thomas; Anogmius Cope, 1877; Davichthys dubius (Davis, 1887); Davichthys gardneri Forey, 1973, p. 32; Davichthys lacostei (Arambourg, 1954, p. 54;

Formation: English Chalk; Westphalian Chalk; Kansas Chalk;

Country: England, U.K.; Germany; Kansas, USA; Yugoslavia; Morocco; Lebanon;

 

 

Forey, P. L.1977. The osteology of Notelops Woodward, Rhacolepis Agassiz and Pachyrhizodus Dixon (Pisces: Teleostei). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Geology. Vol. 28(2):125-204

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Pachyrhizodontoidei Forey, 1977; Notelopidae Forey, 1977; Pachyrhizodontidae Cope, 1872; Thrissopateridae; Pterothrissidae; Saurodontidae; Ichthyodectidae; Stratodontidae; Raphiosuaridae;

Genera/Species: Acrodontosaurus gardneri Mason, 1869; Amblylpterus olfersi Agassiz, 1833; Anogmius Cope; Brannerion Jordan, 1921; Brannerion vestitum (Jordan and Branner, 1908);Calamopleurus cylindricus Agassiz, 1841; Calamopleurus vestitus Jordan and Branner, 1908; Cimolichthys Leidy; Elopopsis Heckel; Elopopsis crassus Dixon; Elopopsis fenzli Heckel, 1856; Elopopsis heckeli Reuss; Elopopsis microdon Heckel, 1856; Elopopsis ziegleri (Marck); Hypsodon lewesiensis Agassiz, 1837; Leptolepis dubia (Blainville); Notelops Woodward, 1901; Notelops brama (Agassiz); Pacolepis brama  Agassiz, 1841; Pacolepis latus Agassiz, 1841; Pachyrhizodus Dixon, 1850; Pachyrhizodus basalis Dixon, 1850; Pachyrhizodus caninus  Cope; Pachyrhizodus dibleyi Woodward, 1901; Pachyrhizodus gardneri (Mason, 1888); Pachyrhizodus kingi  Cope;Pachyrhizodus magalops (Woodward); Pachyrhizodus magnus (Woodward, 1901); Pachyrhizodus marathonensis (Etheridge); Pachyrhizodus megalops (Woodward, 1901); Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart; Pachyrhizodus salmoneus (GŸnther, 1872); Pachyrhizodus subulidens (Owen, 1840); Raphiosuarus lucius Owen, 1850; Raphiosuarus subulidens Owen, 1840; Rhacolepis Agassiz, 1841; Rhacolepis brama Agassiz, 1887; Rhacolepis buccalis Agassiz, 1841; Rhacolepis latus (Agassiz, 1841); Rhacolepis olfersii (Agassiz); Spaniodon; Stratodus Cope; Thrissopater GŸnther, 1872; Thrissopater daguini Arambourg, 1954; Thrissopater magnus Woodward, 1901; Thrissopater megalops Woodward, 1901; Thrissopater salmoneus GŸnther, 1872;Thrissopteroides; Xiphactinus audax Leidy;

Formation: Santana Fm.; Lower English Chalk; Gault Clay; Niobrara Chalk; Serlma Chalk; Mooreville Chalk; Eagle Ford shale; Austin Chalk;

Country: Yugoslavia; Czechoslovakia; Morocco; England, U.K.; Germany; Australia; Brazil; North America;

 

 

Gonz‡lez-Barba, G.; Espinosa-Chavez, B.  2005. Cenomanian-Turonian fish fauna from the Boquillas Formation at Jaboncillos, North-west Coahuila, Mexico.  pp. 105-108. IN: Poyato-Ariza, Francisco JosŽ (ed.). Extended Abstracts. Fourth International Meeting on Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics, Homology, and Nomenclature. Miraflores de la Sierra, Madrid, Spain August 8th-14th, 2005. Ediciones Universidad Aut—noma de Madrid. 310 pp.

MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Pycnodontiformes;

Genera/Species: Anomotodon; Carcharias; Cretolamna appendiculata; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Enchodus; Hemiscyllium; Ischirhiza avonicola; Ptychodus anonymus; Ptychodus decurrens decurrens sensu Herman, 1987; Ptychodus mammillaris anonymus sensu Herman, 1987; Ptychodus marginalis sensu Herman, 1987; Ptychodus mortoni; Ptychodus polygyrus; Ptychodus whipplei; Ptychodus whippley; Rhinobatus incertus; Scapanorhynchus raphiodon; Squalicorax falcatus; Stephanodus;

Formation: Gua Nueva Fm.; Boquillas Fm.; Eagle Ford Fm.;

Country: Australia; Belgium; Canada: Alberta; Colombia; Congo; Czech Republic; Egypt; France; Germany; Italy; Japan; Lithuania; Madagascar; Mexico; Russia; Spain; UK: England; USA: Arizona; Iowa; Kansas; Nebraska; New Mexico; South Dakota; Texas; Utah;

 

 

Goody, P.C. 1970. The Cretaceous Teleostean Fish Cimolichthys From the Niobrara Formation of Kansas and the Pierre Shale of Wyoming. American Museum Novitates. No. 1434:1-29

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cimolichthyidae Goody, 1969;

Genera/Species: Cimolichthys nepaholica (Cope, 1872, p. 347); Cimolichthys nepaholica; Cimolichthys sulcatus; Cimolichthys semianceps; Cimolichthys contracta; Cimolichthys merrillii; Cimolichthys levesiensis (Leidy, 1857, p. 95);

Formation: Pierre Shale; Niobrara; Lisbon Shales;

Country: Kansas, Wyoming

 

 

Goody, P.C. 1976. Enchodus (Teleostei: Enchodontidae) from the Upper Cretaceous Pierre Shale of Wyoming and South Dakota with an evaluation of the North American enchodontid species. Palaeontographica Abt. A. Vol. 153:91-112

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniancion/Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Senonian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Enchodontidae

Genera/Species: Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874, p. 44, Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872, p. 353), Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856, p. 257,  Enchodus dirus (Leidy, 1857, p. 167), Enchodus ferox Leidy, 1855, p. 397, Enchodus spp.

Formation: Pierre Shale; Niobrara Fm.; Eagle Ford Shale; Austin Chalk; Navesink;

Country: Wyoming; South Dakota; Kansas; Maryland; Manitoba; Montana; Texas; Tennessee; New Jersey; Arkansas; Delaware; New Mexico; North Dakota;

 

 

Grande, L.; Bemis, W. E. 1998. A comprehensive phylogenetic study of Amiid fishes (Amiidae) based on comparative skeletal anatomy: an empirical search for interconnected patterns of natural history. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology Memoir 4, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 18(1S):1-690

MFNA-T; MFNA-J; MFNA-JM-WI; MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic; Jurassic-Jurassic; Jurassic-Jurassic Early-(Lias); Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Valanginian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Hauterivian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Barremian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian/Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acipenseriformes; Actinopterygii Cope, 1887; Amiastidae Jordan, 1923; Amiida Bonaparte, 1838; Amiidae Bonaparte, 1838 sic Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 31; Amiiformes Hay, 1929; Amiinae Bonaparte, 1838 sic Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 31; Amiissta Bonaparte, 1838; Amioidea Bonaparte, 1838; Amiopsinae Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 483; Aspidorhynchidae; Calamopleurini Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 405; Caturidae Owen, 1860; Caturoidea Owen, 1860; Caturoidei; Haleocomorphi Cope, 1872 sic Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 31; Halecostomi Regan, 1923; Hybodontidae; Ionoscopidae Lehman, 1966; Ionoscopiformes Grande & Bemis, 1998; Lepisosteidae; Leptolepidae; Liodesmidae Jordan, 1923; Macrosemiidae; Macrosemiiformes; Neopterygii Regan, 1923; Ophiopsidae Bartram, 1975; Oshuniidae Grande & Bemis, 1998; Osteoglossiformes; Parasemionotidae Stensiš, 1932; Parasemionotiformes Lehman, 1966; Pholidophoridae; Pholidophoriformes; Pleuropholidae; Pycnodontiformes; Semionotidae; Semionotiformes; Sinamiidae Berg, 1940; Solnhofenamiinae Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 450; Teleostei; Vidalamiinae Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 337; Vidalamiini Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 341;

Genera/Species: Allolepidotus; Amblysemius pachyurus (Agassiz, 1843); Amblysemius pachyurus Agassiz, 1843 sic Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 609; "Amia? chauliodeia" (Hall & Wolberg, 1989, p. 108; Amia fragosa; "Amia" lewesiensis  Mantell, 1822; "Amia" limosa Nessov, 1985; Amia? montsechensis Lange, 1968, p. 61; ?"Amia" semimarina Nessov, 1985; Amiidarum Lange, 1968, p. 60; Amiidarum mawsoni Lange, 1968, p. 60; Amiopsis Knerr, 1863; Amiopsis austeni; Amiopsis damoni (Egerton, 1858a); "Amiopsis" dartoni Eastman, 1899; Amiopsis dolloi Traquair, 1911; Amiopsis lepidota (Agassiz, 1833); Amiopsis prisca Kner, 1863; Amiopsis woodwardi (Sauvage, 1903); Anaethalion; Aphanepygus; Aspidorhynchus; Attakeopsis; Attakeopsis austeni Thiollire, 1858, p. 785; Attakeopsis desori Thiollire, 1858, p. 784; Belonostomus; Brachyichthys Winkler, 1861; Broughia Stensiš, p, 1932; Calamopleurus Agassiz, 1841; Calamopleurus cylindricus Agassiz, 1841, p. 84; Calamopleurus mawsoni (Woodward, 1902, p. 87); Callopterus agassizi Thiollire, 1858; Caturus; Caturus furcatus Agassiz, 1843; Caturus heterurus (Agassiz, 1839-1844); Caturus heterurus (Agassiz, 1833-1844) sic Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 618; Caturus smithwoodwardi White, 1925; Caturus tarraconensis Sauvage, 1903; Cheirolepis; Cladocyclus gardneri; Cyclurus Agassiz, 1844; Cyclurus fragosus (Jordan, 1927); Cyclurusypamia sic Carroll, 1988, p. 603; Devillersia Beltan, 1968; Ellimmichthys; Enneles Jordan & Branner, 1908, p. 23; Enneles audax Jordan & Branner, 1908; Eoeugnathus; Eurycormus speciosus Wagner, 1863; Furo Gistel, 1848; Helmolepis Stensiš, 1932; Heterolepidotus Egerton, 1872; Hypamia Leidy, 1873a, p. 98; Icarealcyon Beltan, 1980; Ikechaoamia; Ikechaoamia meridionalis Zhang & Zhang, 1980; Ikechaoamia orientalis Liu, 1961; Ionoscopus cyprinoides (Wagner, 1863); Ionoscopus petraroiae Costa, 1853; Jacobulus Lehman, 1952; Kindleia Jordan, 1927, p. 145; Kindleia fragosa (Jordan, 1927, p. 145); Lehmanotus Beltan, 1968; Lepidotes; Liodesmus; Liodesmus gracilis (Agassiz, 1843); Liodesmus sprattiformis Wagner, 1863; Lophiostomus; Macrepistius arenatus Cope, 1894; Macropoma; Macropoma mantelli Agassiz, 1835, p. 55; Megalurus Agassiz, 1833, p. 13; Megalurus austeni; Megalurus damoni Egerton, 1858a; Megalurus elongatus Agassiz, 1839, p. 148; Megalurus idanicus Thiollire, 1850, p. 158; Megalurus lepidotus Agassiz, 1833, p. 146; "Megalurus" mawsoni Woodward, 1902, p. 87; Megalurus sauvagei Vidal, 1915, p. 40; Melvius Bryant, 1987; Melvius chauliodous (Hall & Wolberg, 1989, p. 108); Melvius thomasi Bryant, 1987; Neorhombolepis; Nipponamia Yabumoto, 1994; Nipponamia satoi Yabumoto, 1994; Notagogus; Notelops brama; Ophiopsis lepturus (Bellotti, 1857); Ophiopsis procera Agassiz, 1834; Oshunia; Oshunia brevis Wenz & Kellner, 1986: Ospia Stensiš, 1932; Ospia ornata Stensiš, 1932; Osteorhachis Egerton, 1868; Pachyamia Chalifa & Tchernov, 1982; Pachyamia latimaxillaris Chalifa & Tchernov, 1982; Pachyamia mexicana Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 377; Paleamia Jonet, 1981;  Paleamia cenomaniensis Jonet, 1981; "Pappichthys" patagonica Ameghino, 1906, p. 183; Paralbula; Paraliodesmus guadagnii Dunkle, 1969; Paramiatus Romer & Fryxell; Parasemionotus Piveteau, 1929; Parasemionotus labordei Stensiš, 1932; Perleidus; Pholidophorus; Pholidophorus bechei Agassiz, 1844; Pholidophorus germanicus; Pholidophorus macrocephalus Agassiz, 1833-43; Piveteaunotus Beltan, 1968; Polypterus; Propterus elongatus; Pteronisculus; Semionotus elegans; Sinamia; Sinamia chinhuaensis  Wei, 1976; Sinamia hunanensis Su, 1973; Sinamia luozigouensis Li, 1984; Sinamia poyangica Su & Li, 1990; Sinamia zdanyski Stensiš, 1935; Sinoeugnathus; Solenhofenamia Grande & Bemis, 1998, p. 450; Solenhofenamia elongata (Agassiz, 1839); Spathiurus; Stensionotus Lehman, 1952; Stylomuleodon sic Carroll, 1988, p. 603; Stylomyleodon Russell, 1928a, p. 103; Stylomyleodon lacus Russell; Synergus Gistel, 1848, p. ix; Teoichthys Applegate, 1988; Thomasinotus Lehman, 1952; Urocles Jordan, 1919, p. 177; Urocles altivelis (Wagner, 1863, p. 716); Urocles austeni Egerton, 1858b, p. 1; Urocles brevicostatus (Agassiz, 1839, p. 147); Urocles damoni (Egerton, 1858a); Urocles elegantissimus (Wagner, 1863, p. 720); Urocles elongatus Saint-Seine, 1949, p. 170; Urocles grandis (Wagner, 1863, p. 104); Urocles lepidotus Jordan, 1919, p. 567; Urocles mawsoni Schaeffer, 1947, p. 31; Urocles ovatus (Lange, 1968, p. 58); Urocles polyspondylus (Wagner, 1851, p. 71); Urocles sauvagei (Vidal, 1915, p. 40); Vidalamia White & Moy-Thomas, 1941; Vidalamia catalunica (Sauvage, 1903); Vidalia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, p. 719; Vidalia catalunica Sauvage, 1903; Vinctifer comptoni; Watsonulus Brough, 1939; Watsonulus eugnathoides (Piveteau, 1935);

Formation: Beit-Mer Fm.; Edmonton Fm.; Fruitland Fm.; Glen Rose Fm.; Hell Creek Fm.; Ilhas Fm.; Khodzhakul Fm.; La Huerguina Fm.; Meng-Yin Group; Middle Sakamena Group; Montsec Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Patagonia Fm.; Santana Fm.; Scollard Fm.; Sengoku Fm.; Shouchang Fm.; Solnhofen Limestone Fm.; Sundance Fm.; Taikarshin Member; Tlayua Fm.; Whitemud Fm.; Wordie Creek Fm.;

Country: Belgium; Brazil; Canada: Alberta; China; Croatia; Equatorial Guinea; France; Germany; Greenland; Inner Mongolia; Israel; Italy; Madagascar; Mexico; Portugal; Saudia Arabia; Slovenia; Spain; U.K.: England; USA: Kansas; Montana; New Mexico; North Dakota; South Dakota; Texas; Utah; Wyoming; Uzbekhistan; Yugoslavia;

 

 

Grande, L.; Cavender, T.M.1991. Description and phylogenetic reassessment of the monotypyic  Ostariostomidae (Teleostei). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 11(4):405-416

MFNA-J; MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Jurassic-Jurassic Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank:  Ostariostomidae Schaeffer, 1949;  Lycopteridae;  ichthyodectiformes; Osteoglossomorpha sensu  Patterson & Rosen, 1977; Teleostei sensu  Patterson & Rosen, 1977; Hiodontoidea sensu  Patterson & Rosen, 1977;

Genera/Species:  Ostariostoma Schaeffer, 1949;  Ostariostoma wilseyi Schaeffer, 1949; Xiphactinus audax Leidy;  Lycoptera middendorfi MŸller;  Leptolepis nevadensis David, 1941;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.; Livingston Fm.; Lance Fm.; Hell Creek Fm.;

Country: USA: Kansas; Montana: Madison County; China: Hunan Province;

 

 

Grande, T.1996. A new elopomorph from the Eagle Ford formation near Arlington Texas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 16(Supplement to Number 3):39A

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: elopomorph

Formation: TCM, Eagle Ford formation

Country: Texas

 

 

Gray, J.1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. Vol. 62:1-214

MFNA-T; MFNA-J; MFNA-C; MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-FL;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic; Jurassic-Jurassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acipenseriformes; Actinopterygii; Albulidae; Albulinae; Albuloidei; Amiidae; Amiiformes; Amioidei; Anguilliformes; Apsopelicidae; Archaeomaeniidae; Aspidorhynchidae; Aspidorhynchiformes; Atheriniformes; Atherinomorpha; Batoidea; Blochiidae; Catervariolidae; Caturidae; Chanidae; Characiformes; Characoidei; Chondrostei; Chondrosteidae; Clupeiformes; Clupeomorpha; Coelacanthini; Coelacanthiformes; Coelacanthomorpha; Crossopterygii; Ctenothrissiformes; Cypriniformes; Dasyatidae; Dipnoi; Ellimmichthyidae; Ellimmichthyiformes; Elopidae; Elopiformes; Elopocephala; Elopoidei; Elopomorpha; Euselachii; Exocoetoidei; Galeoidea; Gonorhynchidae; Gonorhynchiformes; Halecostomi; Hiodontidae; Hiodontoidea; Holostei; Hybodontoidea; Hybodontiformes; Ichthyodectidae; Ichthyodectiformes; Ichthyodectoidei; Lamniformes; Lepisosteidae; Lepisostoidei; Leptolepidae; Leptolepiformes; Leptolepimorpha; Ligulellidae de Saint-Seine, 1955, p. 103; Lycopteridae; Macrosemiidae; Macrosemiiformes; Majokiidae de Saint-Seine, 1955, p. 107; Megalopidae; Myliobatoidea; Neopterygii; Orectolobidae; Ostariophysi; Osteoglossiformes; Osteoglossamorpha; Pachycormidae; Pachyrhizodonidae; Palaeolabridae; Paleonisciformes; Paracanthopterygii; Parasemionotidae; Parasemionotoidei; Peipiaosteidae Liu & Zhou, 1965, p. 247; Perciformes; Percoidei; Percopsiformes; Pholidophoriformes; Pleuropholidae; Polypteridae; Polypteriformes; Pristidae; Promecosominidae; Protacanthopterygii; Ptycholepoidei; Pycnodontidae; Pycnodontiformes; Rhipidista; Sarcopterygii; Sciaenidae; Selachii; Semionotidae; Semionotiformes; Semionotoidei; Siluriformes; Sinamiidae; Sphenocephaloidei; Squaliformes; Squaloidea; Squatinidae; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Acentrophorus; Anaethalion; Anaethalion vidali; Aspidorhynchus; Atractosteus; Belonostomus; Belonostomus longirostris; Brachaelurus; Catevariolus; Chanderlichthys strickeri; Chanopsis Casier, 1961; Chanos leopoldl D'Erasmo, 1915; Charitosomus; Chiloscyllium; Chinlea; Cladocyclus; Dastilbe; Dasyatis; Diplomystus kokuraensis; Diplomystus primotinus; Ellimichthys; Fuchunkiangia; Huashia; Ikechaoamia; Ischyrhiza; Kindleia; Kuntulunia; Kuyangichthys; Lepisosteus; Leptolepis talbragarensis; Lissodus; Lissodus minimus; Lycoptera; Mesoclupea; Myledaphus; Palaeodenticeps; Palaeolabrus; Parachanos Arambourg & Schneegans, 1935; Paraclupea; Peipiasteus; Pholidophorus; Prochanos; Promecosomina; Ptycholepis; Rhombodus; Sinamia; Sphenocephalus; Squatirhina; Sunolepis; Tharrhias; Trygon; Xenacanthus;

Formation: Chandler Fm.; Chinle Fm.; Dahuichan Fm.; Edmonton Fm.; El Molino Fm.; Fox Hills Fm.; Fox Hills Sandstone; Hawkesbury Sandstone; Hell ‚reek Fm.; Ilhas Fm.; Jehol Fm.; Judith River Fm.; Kirtland Shale; Koonwarra Fish Beds; Kota Fm.; Lance Fm.; Lockatong Fm.; Lueders Fm.; Maleri Fm.; Mesaverde Fm.; Milk River Fm.; Moenkopi Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Oldman Fm.; Plattenkohle; Rehe Fm.; Santana Fm.; St. Mary River Fm.; Tecovas Fm.; Wardie Shales;

Country: Antarctica; Australia: New South Wales; Belgium; Bolivia; Brazil; Canada: Alberta; British Columbia; Northwest Territory; Nova Scotia; Saskatchewan; China: Inner Mongolia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Czechoslovakia; Egypt; France; Germany; India; Italy; Japan; Kazakstan; Korea; Lebanon; Mexico; Mongolia; Morocco; Russia: Siberia; South Africa; Spain; Spitzbergen; Thailand; U.K.: England; Scotland; USA: Arizona; Colorado; Connecticut; Kansas; Massachusetts; Montana; Nebraska; New Mexico; North Carolina; North Dakota; Oregon; Pennsylvania; South Dakota; Texas; Utah; Virginia; Washington; Wyoming; Yugoslavia; Zaire [Belgian Congo]; Zambia {Northern Rhodesia];

 

 

Hakel, M.; Stewart, J.2003. A nearly complete skeleton of Pachyrhizodus caninus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 23(Supplement to Number 3):58A

MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Pachyrhizodontidae

Genera/Species: Pachyrhizodus caninus; Pachyrhizodus minimus

Formation: Smoky Hill Chalk

Country: Phillips County, Kansas

 

 

Hamm, S. A.2003. Ptychodontid sharks in the Upper Cretaceous Eagleford Group of Northern Texas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 23(Supplement to Number 3):58A-59A

MFNA-CL-KC, MFNA-CL-GA,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian early; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Ptychodontidae;

Genera/Species: Ptychodus decurrens; Ptychodus anonymus; Ptychodus mammillaris; Ptychodus lmortoni; Ptychodus polygyrus; Ptychodus whipplei; Ptychodus n.sp.;

Formation: Britton Fm., Kemp Ranch Fm., Arcadia Park Fm., Eagleford Group;

Country: northen Texas, USA;

 

 

Hamm, S. A.; Shimada, K. 2002. Associated tooth set of the Late Cretaceous Lamniform shark, Scaphaorhynchus raphiodon (Mitsukurinidae), from the Niobrara Chalk of Western Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 105(1-2):18-26

MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes; Elasmobranchii; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Mitsukurinidae Jordan, 1898;

Genera/Species: Scaphaorhynchus Woodward, 1889; Scaphaorhynchus raphiodon (Agassiz, 1844); Scaphaorhynchus texanus (Roemer);

Formation: Carlile Shale; Greenhorn Limestone; Niobrara Chalk; Smoky Hill Chalk Member;

Country: Belgium; Russia; U.K.; USA: Kansas;

 

 

Hamm, S. A.; Shimada, K. 2007. The Late Cretaceous anacoracid shark, Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche), from the Niobrara Chalk of western Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 110(1/2):44-52

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Santonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Chondrichthyes; Elasmobranchii; Lamniformes Berg, 1958;

Genera/Species: Corax australis (Chapman, 1908); Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz); Echinorhinus; Pseudocorax Priem, 1897; Pseudocorax affinis (Agassiz, 1843); Pseudocorax australis; Pseudocorax granti Cappetta & Case, 1975; Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche, 1906); Pseudocorax primulus MŸller & Diedrich, 1991; Squalicorax; Squalicorax australis; Squalicorax falcatus; Squalicorax pristodontus; Squalicorax volgensis;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.;

Country: Asia; Australia; Belgium; England; Europe; France; Germany; Israel; Morocco; USA: Alabama; Delaware; Georgia; Kansas; Mississippi; Texas;

 

 

Hamm, S. A.; Shimada, K.; Everhart, M. J.2003. Three uncommon lamniform sharks from the Smoky Hill chalk (Upper Cretaceous) of western Kansas. (ABSTRACT). pp. 30-31. IN: Abstract Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 22:30-31

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: lamniform sharks

Genera/Species: Cretolamna apppendiculata (Agassiz); Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche); Scapanorhynchus raphiodon (Agassiz); Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz); Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz);

Formation: Smoky Hill Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Hay, O. P. 1903. On certain genera and species of North America Cretaceous actinopterous fishes. American Museum of Natural History, Bulletin. Vol. 19(1):1-95

MFNA-C; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Senonian (Coniacian-Maastrichtian);

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Dercetid¾; Elopid¾; Enchodontid¾; Ichthyodectid¾; Myctophid¾; Plethodid¾; Pachyrhizodontid¾; Protosphyr¾nidae; Salmonid¾; Saurocephalidae Berg, 1940; Scopelid¾; Stratodontidae;

Genera/Species: Anogmius Cope, 1871; Anogmius altus Loomis, 1900; Anogmius aratus Cope, 1877; Anogmius contractus Cope, 1871; Anogmius evolutus Cope, 1877; Anogmius favirostrus Cope, 1877; Beryx multidentatus Stewart, 1898; Cimolichthys contracta Loomis, 1900; Cimolichthys gladiolus Cope, 1872; Cimolichthys merrillii Loomis, 1900; Cimolichthys nep¾olica Loomis, 1900; Cimolichthys semianceps Cope, 1872; Cimolichthys sulcatus Cope, 1872; Daptinus phlebotomus (Cope, 1870); Empo Cope, 1872 (syn. of Cimolychthys); Empo contracta Cope, 1874; Empo merrillii Cope, 1874; Empo nepaholica Cope, 1872; Empo nep¾olica Cope, 1874; Empo semianceps Cope, 1874; Empo sulcata Cope, 1874; Enchodus Agassiz; Enchodus dolichus Cope, 1875; Enchodus ferox Leidy, 1855; Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872); Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874; Enchodus pressidens Cope, 1869; Enchodus s¾vus Hay, 1903; Enchodus tetracus Loomis, 1900; Enchodus tetr¾cus Cope, 1875; Enchodus tetracus Loomis, 1900; Gillicus Hay; Erisichthe dimidiata Cope, 1878; Erisichthe nitida Cope, 1872; Erisichthe penetrans Cope, 1877; Erisichthe xiphioides Loomis, 1900; Erisichthe ziphioides Cope, 1877; Gillicus Hay; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope, 1875); Gillicus serridens (Woodward, 1901); Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1872;  Ichthyodectes goodeanus Cope, 1877; Ichthyodectes multidentatus Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes perniciosus Cope, 1874; Ichthyodectes serridens Woodward, 1901; Ichthyotringa Cope; Ichthyotringa tenuirostris Cope, 1878; Leptosomus Marck; Leptosomus elongatus Marck; Leptosomus guestphalicus Marck; Leptosomus lineatus (Cope, 1878); Leptosomus macrourus Pictet & Humbert; Leptosomus minimus (Agassiz); Leptosomus nasutulus (Cope, 1878); Leptosomus percrassus (Cope, 1878); Leptotrachelus armatus Marck; Leptotrachelus elongatus (Agassiz); Leptotrachelus gracilis Davis; Leptotrachelus hakelensis Pictet & Humbert; Leptotrachelus longipinnis Cope, 1878; Leptotrachelus sagittatus Marck; Leptotrachelus triqueter Pictet; Leptotrachelus virgulatus Woodward, 1901; Oricardinus sheareri Cope, 1872; Oricardinus tortus Cope, 1877; Osmeroides favirostrus (Cope, 1877); Osmeroides evolutus (Cope, 1877); Pachyrhizodus Agassiz; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus curvatus Loomis, 1900; Pachyrhizodus latimentum Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus lepitopsis Loomis, 1900; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874; Pachyrhizodus sheari Loomis, 1900; Pelecopterus chirurgus Cope, 1875; Pelecopterus gladius (Cope, 1873); Pelecopterus perniciosus (Cope, 1874); Phasganodus ?gladiolus Cope, 1872; Plethodus; Portheus arcuatus Cope, 1875; Portheus gladius Cope, 1873; Protosphyr¾na; Protosphyr¾na dimidiata (Cope, 1878); Protosphyr¾na gladius (Cope, 1873); Protosphyr¾na nitida (Cope, 1872); Protosphyr¾na obliquidens Loomis, 1900; Protosphyr¾na penetrans Newton, 1878; Protosphyr¾na perniciosa (Cope, 1874); Protosphyr¾na sequax Hay, 1903; Protosphyr¾na tenuis Loomis, 1900; Protosphyr¾na ziphioides (Cope, 1877); Pseudothryptodus; Rhinellus Agassiz; Rhinellus furcatus; Rhinellus tenuirostris (Cope, 1878); Sardinius cordieri; Sardinius? imbellis Hay, 1903; Sardinius lineatus Cope, 1878; Sardinius nasutulus Cope, 1878; Sardinius percrassus Cope, 1878; Saurocephalus Harlan,  1824; Saurocephalus arapahovius Cope, 1872; Saurocephalus arapalovius Loomis, 1900; Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus phlebotomus Cope, 1870; Saurocephalus goodeanus (Cope, 1877) (=Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830, p. 476); Saurocephalus xiphirostris (Stewart, 1898); Saurodon lanciformis (Harlan, 1824); Saurodon phlebotomus (Cope, 1870); Saurodon xiphirostris Stewart, 1898; Spaniodon simus Cope, 1878; "Sphyr¾na"; Stratodus oxypogon Cope, 1877; Syntegmodus; Tetheodus pephero Loomis, 1900; Tetheodus pephredo Cope, 1874; Thryptodus; Triaenaspis Cope, 1878, Triaenaspis virgulatus Cope, 1878;

Formation: Niobrara; Pierre Fm.; Mount Lebanon;

Country: Lebanon; USA: Kansas, Nebraska, New Jersey, South Dakota; Westphalia; U.K.: England;

 

 

Hibbard, C. W. 1942. A new chimaeroid fish from the Niobrara Cretaceous of Logan County, Kansas. Bulletin of the University of Kansas. Vol. 28:237-240, 4 figs.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Formation: Niobrara

Country: Logan County, Kansas

 

 

Hussakof, L. 1908. Catalogue of types and figured specimens of fossil vertebrates in the American Museum of Natural History. Part I. Fishes. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 25:1-103

MFNA; MFNA-TL-NS; MFNA-CL-KC;  MFNA-CL-GA;

Geologic Age: Mesozoic; Triassic-Triassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopteri Cope, 1872; Crossopterygii Cope, 1872; Teleostomi Owen, 1866;

Genera/Species: Acentrophorus chicopensis Newberry, 1888; Acrognathus dodgei Hay, 1903; Aipichthys minor (Pictet, 1850); Anguillavus bathsheb¾ Hay, 1903; Anguillavus quadripinnis Hay, 1903; Anogmius; Anogmius altus? (Loomis, 1900); Anogmius aratus Cope, 1877; Anogmius evolutus Cope, 1877; Anogmius favirostris Cope, 1877; Apsopelix sauriformsis Cope, 1871; Beryx insculptus Cope, 1869; Catopterus; Catopterus gracilis J. H. Redfield, 1837; Catopterus minor Newberry, 1888; Catopterus parvulus W. C. Redfield; Catopterus redfieldi Egerton, 1847; Ceratodus erucifrus Cope, 1876; Ceratodus hieroglyphus Cope, 1876; Cimolichthys nepaholica (Cope, 1872, p. 347); Cimolichthys sulcatus Cope, 1872, p. 351; Coccodus insignis Hay, 1903, p. 410; Coccodus lindstrÏmi Davis, 1890; Ctenothrissa signifer Hay, 1903, p. 417; Daptinus phlebotomus Cope, 1875, p. 213; Diplurus longicaudatus Newberry, 1878; Empo contracta Cope, 1874, p. 46; Empo merrillii Cope, 1874, p. 46; Empo nepaholica Cope, 1872, p. 347; Empo nep¾olica Cope, 1875, p. 230; Empo semianceps Cope, 1875, p. 233; Enchelion montium Hay, 1903; Enchodus dolichus Cope, 1875, p. 239; Enchodus ferox Leidy, 1855, p. 68;  Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872, Figured 1818); Enchodus marchesetti ? (Kramberger, 1895); Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874, p. 44; Enchodus s¾vus Hay, 1903, p. 76; Enchodus tetr¾cus Cope, 1875, p. 278; Erisichthe dimidiata Cope, 1878, p. 300; Erisichthe nitida Cope, 1872, p. 280; Erisichthe penetrans Cope,1877, p. 822; Erisichthe ziphioides Cope; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope, 1875, p. 232); Ichthyodectes acanthicus Cope, 1877, p. 177; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1872, p. 239; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870, p. 536; Ichthyodectes goodeanus Cope, 1877, p. 176; Ichthyodectes hamatus Cope, 1872, p. 209; Ichthyodectes multidentatus Cope, 1872, p. 342; Ichthyodectes perniciosus Cope, 1874, p. 41; Ichthyodectes prognathus (Cope, 1870, p. 532); Ichthyotringa tenuirostris Cope, 1878, p. 69; Ischypterus agassizi (W. C. Redfield, 1841); Ischypterus braunii Newberry, 1888, p. 44; Ischypterus elegans Newberry, 1888, p. 37; Ischypterus fultus (Agassiz, 1833-36); Ischypterus gigas Newberry, 1888, p. 49;  Ischypterus latus J. H. Redfield; Ischypterus lineatus Newberry, 1888, p. 40; Ischypterus macropterus W. C. Redfield; Ischypterus micropterus Newberry, 1888, p. 31; Ischypterus minutus Newberry, 1888, p. 48; Ischypterus modestus Newberry, 1888, p. 38; Ischypterus ovatus W. C. Redfield, 1842; Ischypterus robustus (Newberry, 1888, p. 36; Ischypterus tenuiceps (Agassiz, 1843); Leptosomus lineatus (Cope, 1878, p. 71); Leptosomus nasutulus (Cope, 1878, p. 70); Leptosomus percrassus (Cope, 1878, p. 72); Leptotrachelus longipinnis Cope, 1878, p. 68; Leptotrachelus serpentinus Hay, 1903, p. 419; Leptotrachelus virgulatus (Cope, 1878, p. 67); Macrepistius arenatus Cope, 1894, p. 441; MicrocÏlia dayi Hay, 1903, p. 430; Nematonotus longispinus (Davis, 1887); Oricardinus sheareri (Cope, 1872, p. 347); Oricardinus tortus Cope, 1877, p. 177; Osmeroides ornatus Hay, 1903, p. 426; Osmeroides pontivagus Hay, 1903, p. 424; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872, p. 344; Pachyrhizodus latimentum Cope, 1872, p. 346; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874, p. 42; Pachyrhizodus sheareri Cope, 1872, p. 347; PalÏoniscus latus (J. H. Redfield); Pelecorapis berycinus Cope, 1877, p. 587; Pelecopterus chirurgus Cope, 1875, p. 244; Pelecopterus gladius (Cope); Pelecopterus perniciosus (Cope, 1875, p. 244); Pelecorapis berycinus Cope, 1877, p. 587; Pelecorapis varius Cope, 1874, p. 39; Portheus; Portheus angulatus Cope, 1872, p. 337; Portheus ?arcuatus Cope; Portheus gladius Cope, 1873, p. 338; Portheus lestrio Cope, 1875, p. 202; Portheus molossus Cope, 1871, p. 175; Portheus thaumas (Cope, 1870, p. 533); ProtosphyrÏna; ProtosphyrÏna ? angulata (Cope, 1872, p. 337); ProtosphyrÏna dimidiata (Cope, 1877, p. 822); ProtosphyrÏna gladius (Cope, 1873, p. 338); ProtosphyrÏna nitida (Cope, 1872, p. 280); ProtosphyrÏna perniciosa (Cope, 1874, p. 41); ProtosphyrÏna tenuis Loomis, 1900; ProtosphyrÏna xiphioides (Cope, 1877, p. 823); Ptycholepis marshi Newberry, 1878, p. 127; Pycnosterinx levispinosus Hay, 1903; Rhinellus tenuirostris (Cope, 1878, p. 69); Sardinius ? imbellis Hay, 1903, p. 93; Sardinius lineatus Cope, 1878, p. 71; Sardinius nasutulus Cope, 1878, p. 70; Sardinius percrassus Cope, 1878, p. 72; Sardinioides ornatus Hay, 1903, p. 426; Saurocephalus arapahovius Cope, 1875, p. 216; Saurocephalus goodeanus (Cope, 1877, p. 176); Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus pamphagus Hay, 1899, p. 303; Saurocephalus phlebotomus Cope, 1870, p. 530; Saurocephalus prognathus Cope, 1870, p. 532; Saurocephalus thaumas Cope, 1870, p. 533; Saurocephalus xiphirostris (Stewart, 1898); Semionotus agassizi (W. C. Redfield, 1841); Semionotus brauni (Newberry, 1888, p. 44); Semionotus elegans (Newberry, 1888, p. 37); Semionotus fultus (Agassiz, 1833-36); Semionotus gigas (Newberry, 1888, p. 49); Semionotus lineatus (Newberry, 1888, p. 40); Semionotus micropterus (Newberry, 1888, p. 31); Semionotus ovatus (W. C. Redfield, 1842); Semionotus robustus (Newberry, 1888, p. 36); Semionotus tenuiceps (Agassiz, 1843); Spaniodon simus Cope, 1878, p. 69; SphagepÏa aciculata Cope, 1869; Stenoprotome hamata Hay, 1903, p. 407; Stratodus apicalis Cope, 1872, p. 349; Stratodus oxypogon Cope, 1877, p. 180; Tetheodus pephredo Cope, 1874, p. 43; Tri¾naspis virgulatus Cope, 1878, p. 67; Urenchelys germanus Hay, 1903, p. 434;

Formation: Benton; Greensand; Hajula; Hornerstown; Newark Series; Niobrara Fm.; Trinity Beds;

Country: Lebanon; USA: Connecticutt; Delaware; Kansas; Massachusetts; Montana; New Jersey; North Carolina; South Dakota; Texas;

 

 

Hussakof, L.1929. A new teleostean fish From the Niobrara of Kansas. American Museum Novitates. No. 357:1-4

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

Country: Kansas

 

 

Johnson, S. C.; Lucas, S. G. 2002. Histological study of the ray Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi (Thurmond) from the Late Cretaceous (Coniacian-Santonian) of central New Mexico. New Mexico Geology. Vol. 24(3):88-90

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838;

Genera/Species: Hypolophus sylestris; Myledaphus bipartitus; Pseudohypolophus Cappetta & Case, 1975; Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi (Thurmond, 1971)

Formation: Crevasse Canyon Fm.; Tres Hermanos Fm.

Country: USA: Georgia; Nebraska; New Mexico; North Carolina; South Dakota; Texas;

 

 

Jordan, D. S. 1925. A collection of fossil fishes in the University of Kansas from the Niobrara formation of the Cretaceous. Kansas University Science Bulletin. Vol. 15:219-234, pls. xiii-xxiii.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Formation: Niobrara Formation

 

 

Larson, P. L.1988. Famous fossil fish faunas. Mid-America Paleontology Society Digest. Vol. 11(5 (Expo X Edition)):1-10

MFNA; MFNA-TE-WL; MFNA-TM-WC; MFNA-JL-WI; MFNA-CL-TU; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Early-Scythian; Triassic-Triassic Mid(Anisian - Ladinian); Triassic-Triassic Late to Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias); Jurassic-Jurassic; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Hettangian-Sinemurian); Jurassic-Jurassic Mid-Callovian; Jurassic-Jurassic Late (Portlandian, MALM-Zeta); Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes; Osteichthyes;

Genera/Species: Aethodontus; Aipichthys; Albertonia; Acanthorhina; Acidorhynchus; Acrodus; Acrognathus; Aellopos; Aetheodontus; Agaelus; Albula; Allothrissops; Ananogmius; Anaedopogon; Anaethalion; Anguillavus; Ascalabos; Aspidorhynchus; Asterodermus; Australosomus; Belonorhynchus; Belonostomus; Besania; Birgeria; Bobastrania; Boreosomus; Brachaelurus; Brannerion; Cantioscyllium; Caturus; Centrosqualus; Cephaloxenus; Charitosomus; Chondrosteus; Cimolichthys; Cionichthys; Cladocyclus; Coccoderma; Coccodus; Coelacanthus; Colobodus; Cosmolepis; Cretolamna; Ctenothrissa; Cyclobatus; Dapedium; Dapedius; Dastilbe; Dictyopyge; Diplomystus; Diplurus; Enchelion; Enchodus; Enneles; Ennelichthys; Eoeugnathus; Eomesodon; Eubiodectes; Eurypholis; Exocoetoides; Gillicus; Gyrodus; Habroichthys; Hadrodus; Halec; Histionotis; Holcolepis; Holophagus; Holopteryx; Hulettia; Hybodus; Hypsocormus; Ichthyodectes; Inoscopus; Ischirhiza; Ischyodus; Lamna; Lepidotes; Lepidotus; Leptolepis; Leptolepides; Leptosomus; Leptotrachelus; Libanopristis; Luganoia; Macrosemius; Meridensia; Mesodon; Microcoelia; Microdon; Microdus; Micropycnodon; Myriacanthus; Nematonotus; Notidanus; Noterlops; Odontaspis; Ohmdenia; Ophiopsis; Orectolobus; Pachycormus; Pachyrhizodus; Paleobalistum; Paleobates; Palaeospinax; Paraelops; Peltopleurus; Perleidus; Petalopteryx; Pholidophorus; Pholidopleurus; Placopleurus; Platysiagum; Pleuropholis; Prionolepis; Proleptolepis; Propterus; Protospina; Protosphyraena; Pseudoberyx;  Pseudorhina; Pteronisculus; Ptychodus; Ptycholepis; Ptychotrygon; Redfieldius; Rhacolepis; Rhinobatos; Saurichthys; Saurocephalus; Saurodon; Sauropsis; Scapanorhynchus; Sclerorhynchus; Scombroclupea; Scyliorhinus; Semionotus; Spathiurus; Squalicorax; Squaloraja; Synechodus; Synorichthys; Tanacrossus; Telepholis; Tetragonolepis; Tharrhias; Thrissops; Todiltia; Trachymetopon; Turseodus; Undina; Urenchelys; Urocles; Xenopholis; Xiphactinus; Whiteia;

Formation: Sulphur Mountain Fm.; Monte San Giorgio; Connecticutt Valley; Newark Super Group; Talbrager Fish Beds; Purlawaugh Fm.; Lyme Regis; Posidon Shale; Bull Canyon; Solnhofen Limestone; Santana Fm.; Hakel; Carlile; Kansas Chalk;

Country: Australia: New South Wales; Brazil; Canada: British Columbia; Deutschland: Bavaria; Switzerland; Italy; Lebanon; United Kingdom: England; USA: Connecticutt, Kansas; Maryland; Massachusetts; New Jersey; New Mexico; North Carolina; Pennsylvania; South Dakota; Virginia;

 

 

Li, Guo-qing

Year of Conference: 1996. A new species of Late Cretaceous osteoglossid (Teleostei) from the Oldman Formation of Alberta, Canada, and its phylogenetic relationships. pp. 285-298. IN: Arratia, G.; Viohl, G. (eds.)., Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics and Paleoecology.  Verlag Dr. Pfiel, EichstŠtt, Germany.

MFNA-CE-AC; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanaian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteoglossomorpha; Osteoglossiformes Berg, 1940; Osteoglossidae Bonaparte, 1850;  Lycopteridae; Hiodontiformes;  Hiodontidae;

Genera/Species:  Brychaetus Woodward, 1901;  Chandlerichthys;  Cretophareodus Li, 1996;  Cretophareodus alberticus Li, 1996;  Eohiodon falcatus Grande, 1979;  Eohiodon rosei (Hussakof);  Eohiodon woodruffi Wilson;  Estesesox foxi;  Hiodon consteniorum;   Lycoptera davidi (Sauvage);  Oldmanesox canadensis;  Ostariostoma;  Phareodus Leidy, 1873;  Phareodus encaustus (Cope);  Phareodus queenslandicus Hills;  Phareodus testis (Cope);  Phareiodes Taverne, 1973;  Singida;  Sinoglossus lushanensis Su;

Formation: TCM; Oldman Formation; Livingston Fm.; Chandler Fm.; Bearpaw Fm.; Foremost Fm.; Judith River Fm.;

Country: Canada: Alberta; USA: Montana, Alaska

 

 

Loomis, Frederic Brewster.1900. Die Anatomie und die Verwandtschaft der Ganoid-und Knochen Fische aus der Kreide Formation von Kansas, U. S. A. Pal¾ontographica. Vol. 46:213-284. 9 pls & 14 figs.

MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes; Saurocephalidae Berg, 1940;

Genera/Species: Saurocephalus broadheadi Loomis, 1900, p. 252, pl. 24, fig. 6, pl. 25, fig. 1 (= Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830, p. 476); Saurdon phlebotomus Loomis, 1900, p. 248, pl. 24, figs. 1-5 (= Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830, p. 476); Saurdon xiphirostris Loomis, 1900, p. 247 (= Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830, p. 476);

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Lucas, S. G.; Johnson, S. C.2002. Histological study of the ray Pseudohypolophus mcnultyi (Thurmond) from the Late Cretaceous (Coniacian-Santonian) of central New Mexico. New Mexico Geology. Vol. 24(3):49

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian-middle; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian-early

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes; Elasmobranchii;

Genera/Species: Ptychodus whipplei

Formation: Mancos Shale

Country: USA: Arizona; Colorado; Kansas; New Mexico; South Dakota; Texas; Wyoming;

 

 

Lucas, S. G.; Reser, P. K.; Wolberg, D. L. (eds.). 1985. Shark vertebrae from the Upper Cretaceous Pierre Shale, northeastern New Mexico. pp. 21-23. IN: Wolberg, D. L. (ed.). New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources Circular. Vol. 195:1-80 pp.

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Shark vertebrae

Genera/Species: Chimaerotheca newmexicana Brown, 1946; Isurus; Lamna texana; Ptychodus whippleyi;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.; Pierre Shale; Trinidad Sandstone;

Country: USA: New Mexico

 

 

Martin, H. T.1922. Anguillavus hackberryensis. A new species and a new genus of fish from the Niobrara Cretaceous of Kansas. Kansas University Science Bulletin. Vol. 13:95-97, pl. vi.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Genera/Species: Anguillavus hackberryensis

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Moodie, Roy L. 1910(1911). A contribution to the soft anatomy of Cretaceous fishes and a new primitive herring-like fish from the Texas Cretaceous. Kansas University Science Bulletin. Vol. 5(15):275-287. 3 pls.= pls. lx-lxii.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cimolichthyidae Goody, 1969; clupeid

Genera/Species: Empo nepaholica Cope, 1872, p. 347; Thrissopater intestinalis Moodie, 1911, p. 281

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas, Texas

 

 

Mustafa, H.; Azlmout, I.; Smadi, A.; Hassan, A. A.; Khammashi, A. 2003. An exceptionally preserved marine vertebrate fauna from the Muwaqqar Formation (Late Cretaceous) of Jordan. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 23(Supplement to Number 3):81A

MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: chondrichthyan, teleost, reptile; Saurodontidae;

Formation: Muwaqqar Chalk Marl Fm.; Niobrara Chalk Fm.;

Country: Jordan; USA: Kansas;

 

 

Nicholls, E. L.1990. The northern Niobrara: fossil vertebrate faunas from the Niobrara Formation of Canada. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 10(Abstracts, Supplement to No. 3):36A-37A

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Elasmobranchs; Teleosts;

Genera/Species: Elasmobranchs; Teleosts;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.;

Country: CANADA: Manitoba; Saskatchewan;

 

 

Nursall, J. R.1999. The family  Mesturidae and the skull of pycnodont fishes. pp. 153-188. IN: Arratia, Gloria, and Schultze, Hans-Peter (ed.). Mesozoic Fishes 2: Systematics and the Fossil Record. Proceedings of the International Meeting Buckow, 1997. MŸnchen, Deutschland.  Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. 604 pp.

MFNA, MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Mesozoic; Jurassic-Jurassic; Jurassic-Jurassic Late-(Malm)-Tithonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank:  Mesturidae;  Pycnodontiformes; Gyrodontoidei; Halecostomi; Actinopterygii; Teleostei; Pycnodontidae;

Genera/Species: Arduafrons Frickhinger, 1991; Arduafrons prominoris Frickhinger, 1991; Bembrodus ridens; Dapedium; Eomesodon gibbosus; Gibbodon cenensis; Hadrodus hewletti; Mesturus Wagner, 1862; Mesturus leedsi Woodward, 1895, p. 218; Mesturus verrucosus Wagner, 1862, p. 338; Micropyncodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1945; Micropyncodon gaynaisensis Nursall, 1999, p. 162; Micropyncodon kansasensis (Hibbard & Graffham, 1941, p. 71); Neoproscinetes penalvai; Paramesturus Taverne, 1981; Paramesturus stuehmeri Taverne, 1981; Pycnodus platessus;

Formation: Eagle Ford Fm.; Oxford Clay; Niobrara Fm.; Solnhofen Fm.;

Country: USA: Kansas, Texas; U.K.: England;  France: Normandy;

 

 

Patrick, D.; Grandstaff, D.2003. Use of rare earth element signatures and trace elements  in vertebrate fossils to determine paleoenvironmental conditions. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 23(Supplement to Number 3):86A

MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: aquatic/marine vertebrate fossils;

Formation: Pierre Shale; Sharon Springs Member; Gregory Member; Crow Creek Member; DeGrey Member; Verendrye Member;

Country: USA: South Dakota

 

 

Patterson, C.; Rosen, D.E.1977. Review of ichthyodectiform and other Mesozoic teleost fishes and the theory and practice of classifying fossils. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Vol. 158(2):81-172

MFNA-JL, MFNA-CE, MFNA-CL, MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Jurassic-Jurassic Late (Malm)-Kimmeridgian;  Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early

Higher Taxonomic Rank:  Ichthyodectidae Crook, 1892;  Saurodontidae Cope, 1871;  Allothrissopidae Patterson & Rosen, 1977; Leptolepididae, Crossognathidae, Syllaemidae Cragin, 1901, p. 25; Pelecorapidae Cragin, 1901, p. 31; Apsopelicidae Romer, 1966, p. 354; Megalopidae,  Lycopteridae, Hiodontidae,  Diplomystidae, Pholidophoridae, Leptolepididae; Elopocephala;

Genera/Species: Ascalabos voithii MŸnster, 1839, Allothrissops mesogaster (Agassiz),  Anaethalion cf. subovatus,   Anaethalion knorri,  Anaethalion angustus,  Anaethalion anguistissimus,  Anaethalion vidali, Apsopelix, Apsopelix sauriformis Cope, Chirocentrites, Cladocyclus gardneri Agassiz, Cladocyclus ferus Santos, 1950, Crossognathus, Denticeps, Diplomystus, Diplomystus longicostatus Cope, Eohiodon, Eubiodectes, Gaudryelia, Gillicus, Helmintholepis vermiculatus Cockerell, Humbertia,  Ichthyodectes, Lebonichthys gracilis, Leptichthys agilis Stewart, Leptolepides macrophthalmus,  Leptolepides sprattiformis (Blainville); Leptolepides talbragarensis Woodward,  Leptolepis bahiaensis Schaeffer, 1947, Leptolepis caheni, Leptolepis congolensis, Leptolepis coryphaenoides, Leptolepis koonwarri, "Leptolepis" macropthalmus, Leptolepis nathorsti, Leptolepis normandica, Leptolepides sprattiformis;  Lycoptera, Nybelinoides,  Ornategulum, Pachythrissops furcatus, Pachythrissops laevis Woodward, Pachythrissops protperus, Pachythrissops vectensis, Paleoclupea dakotaensis, Pattersonella, Pelecorapis varius Cope, Pelecorapis berycinnus Cope, Phareodus, Pholidolepis, Pholidophorus bechei, Pholidophorus dorsetensis, Proleptolepis, Proportheus,  Pseudoleptolepis, Rhacolepis, Saurodon, Saurocephalus, Scombroclupeoides, Spathodactylus, Syllaemus, Syllaemus albiensis, Syllaemus anglicus; Syllaemus latifrons; ?Tharrhias; Tharsis dubius; Thrissops; Thrissops formosus Agassiz; Wenzia; Wenzia congolensis; Xiphactinus;

Formation: Santana, Niobrara, Purlawaugh

Country: North America, Europe, Australia, Brazil, Lebanon, West Africa, North Africa, China, Switzerland, Italy

 

 

Poyato-Ariza, F. J.; Wenz, S. 2002. A new insight into pycnodontiform fishes. Geodiversitas. Vol. 24(1):139-248

MFNA-T; MFNA-J; MFNA-JE; MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-GA;

Geologic Age: Triassic; Jurassic; Jurassic-Jurassic Early (Lias); Jurassic-Jurassic Late (Malm)-Kimmeridgian; Jurassic-Jurassic Late (Malm)-Tithonian; Cretaceous; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Berriasian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Barremian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Aptian/Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late- Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Brembodontidae Tintori, 1981; Coccodontidae Berg, 1940; Gyrodontidae Berg, 1940; Gyrodontoidei Nursall, 1966; Mesturidae Nursall, 1996; Nursalliinae Blot, 1987; Proscinetinae Gistl, 1848; Pycnodontidae Agassiz, 1833; Pycnodontifae Agassiz, 1833; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1937; Pycnodontinae Agassiz, 1833; Pycnodontoidei Nursall, 1996; Pycnodontoidea Agassiz, 1833;

Genera/Species: Abdobalistum Poyato-Ariza and Wenz, 2002; Abdobalistum thyrsus Poyato-Ariza and Wenz, 2002; Amia; Anomoeodus Forir, 1887; Anomoeodus angustus (Agassiz, 1837); Anomoeodus nursalli Kriwet, 1999; Anomoeodus subclavatus (Agassiz, 1833); Anomoeodus willetti Woodward, 1893; Apomesodon Poyato-Ariza & Wenz, 2002; ?Apomesodon comosus (Thiollire, 1858); Apomesodon gibbosus (Wagner, 1851); Apomesodon surgens Poyato-Ariza and Wenz, 2002; Arduafrons Frickhinger, 1991; Arduafrons prominoris Frickhinger, 1991; Brembodus Tintori, 1981; Brembodus ridens Tintori, 1981; Camposichthys Figueiredo & Silva-Santos, 1991; Camposichthys riachuelensis Figueiredo & Silva-Santos, 1991; Coccodus Pictet, 1850; Coccodus armatus Pictet, 1850; Coccodus lindstroemi Davis, 1890; Coelodus Heckel, 1854; "Coelodus"bassanii; Coelodus costae; "Coelodus" ponsorti; Coelodus rosthorni Heckel, 1854; Coelodus saturnus Heckel, 1854; Coelodus subdiscus Wenz, 1989; Coelodus suillus Heckel, 1854; Coryphaena apoda Volta, 1809; Dapedium; Eomesodon Woodward, 1918; ?Eomesodon barnesi (Woodward, 1906); Eomesodon depressus Woodward, 1918; Eomesodon gibbosus;Eomesodon hoeferi (Gorjanovic-Kramberger, 1905); Eomesodon liassicus (Egerton, 1855); Gibbodon Tintori, 1981; Gibbodon cenensis Tintori, 1981; Gyrodus Agassiz, 1833; Gyrodus circularis Agassiz, 1843; Gyrodus frontatus; Gyrodus gibbosus Wagner, 1851; Gyrodus hexagonus (Blainville, 1818); Gyrodus macropterus Agassiz, 1834; Gyrodus wagneri (Thiollire, 1852); Hadrodus Leidy, 1858; Hadrodus hewletti (Applegate, 1970); Hadrodus marshi Gregory, 1950; Hadrodus priscus Leidy, 1858; Ichthyoceras Gayet, 1984; Ichthyoceras spinosus Gayet, 1984; Iemanja Wenz, 1989; Iemanja palma Wenz, 1989; Macromesodon Blake, 1905; Macromesodon bernissartensis Traquair, 1911; Macromesodon comosus; Macromesodon daviesi Woodward, 1890; Macromesodon macropterus (Agassiz, 1834); Macromesodon parvus (Woodward, 1895); Mesodon gibbosus Wagner, 1851; Mesodon macropterus var. parvus Woodward, 1895; Mesodon parvus Woodward, 1918; Mesturus Wagner, 1862; Mesturus cordillera; Mesturus leedsi Woodward, 1895; Mesturus verruscosus Wagner, 1862; Microdon elegans Agassiz, 1833; Microdon penalvai (Silva Santos, 1970); Microdon wagneri (Thiollire, 1852); Micropycnodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1945; Micropycnodon gaynaisensis Nursall, 1999; Micropycnodon kansasensis (Hibbard & Graffham, 1941); Neoproscinetes Figuieredo & Silva Santos, 1987; Neoproscinetes penalvai (Silva Santos, 1970); Nursallia Blot, 1987; Nursallia flavellatum (Cope, 1886); Nursallia goedeli (Heckel, 1854); Nursallia gutturosum (Arambourg, 1954); Nursallia ventralis (Davis, 1887); Nursallia veronae Blot, 1987; Oceloedus Poyato-Ariza and Wenz, 2002; Ocloedus subdiscus (Wenz, 1989); Ocloedus costae (Heckel, 1856); Ocloedus rosadoi (Silva Santos, 1963); Oropycnodus Poyato-Ariza and Wenz, 2002; Oropycnodus ponsortii (Heckel, 1854); Palaeobalistum Blainville, 1818; Palaeobalistum goedelii Heckel, 1854; Palaeobalistum gutturosum Hennig, 1907; Palaeobalistum orbiculatum Blainville, 1818; Palaeobalistum ponsortii Heckel, 1854; Palaeobalistum ventralis Davis, 1887; Palaeobalistum zignoi Blot, 1987; Paramesturus Taverne, 1981; Paramesturus stuehmeri Taverne, 1981; Placodus; Proscinetes Gistl, 1848; ?Proscinetes bassanii (D'Erasmo, 1914); Proscinetes bernardi (Thiollire, 1852); Proscinetes egertoni (Thiollire, 1852); Proscinetes elegans Agassiz, 1833; Proscinetes itieri  (Saint-Seine, 1949); Proscinetes radiatus (Agassiz, 1839); Proscinetes sauvanasi ? (Thiollire, 1852); Proscinetes thiollieri ? (Saint-Seine, 1949); Proscinetes wagneri (Thiollire, 1852); Pteronisculus; Pycnodus Agassiz, 1833; Pycnodus apodus (Volta, 1809); Pycnodus laveirensis de Veiga Ferreira, 1961; Pycnodus liassicus Egerton, 1855; Pycnodus rhombus Agassiz, 1839; Pycnodus rhomboides Agassiz, 1839; Pycnodus subclavatus Agassiz, 1833; Pycnomicrodon  kansasensis (Hibbard & Graffham, 1941); Semionotus; Stemmatodus Heckel, 1854; Stemmatodus rhombus (Agassiz, 1839); Stenamara Poyato-Ariza and Wenz, 2000; Stenamara  mia Poyato-Ariza and Wenz, 2000; Stromateus hexagonus Blainville, 1818; Tepexichthys Applegate, 1992; Tepexichthys  aranguthyorum Applegate, 1992; Trewavasia white & Moy-Thomas, 1941; Trewavasia carinatus (Davis, 1887); Xenopholis carinatus Davis, 1887;

Formation: Solnhofen; Zorzino Limestone; Riachuelo Fm.; Middle Purbeck Beds; Niobrara Chalk; Mooreville Chalk; Santana Fm.;

Country: France; Germany; Spain; Italy; Brazil; Lebanon; Slovenia; Kroatia; U.K.: England; USA: Alabama; Kansas; Mississippi; Texas; Belgium; Morocco; Portugal;

 

 

Sanders, M. 1934. Die fossilen Fische der alttertiŠren SŸsswasserablagerungen aus Mittel-Sumatra. Verhandelingen van het Geologisch-Mijnbouwkundig Genootschap voor Nederland en Koloni‘n.  Geologische Series. Vol. 11:1-144

MFNA, MFNA-C, MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Mesozoic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteoglossidae; Schilbeidae; Clupeidae; Phareodontidae; Dipnoi;

Genera/Species: Amblypharyngodon; Epiceratodus; Eurychir Jordan; Eurychir lindleyi Jordan; Dalbergia Junghuhniana; Musperia radiata (Heer); Papilionaceen; Pangasius indicus; Phareodus; Pseudeutropius; Rasbora antiqua; Thynnichthys amblyostoma; Thynnichthys polylepis; Thynnichthys sandkhol; Thynnichthys thynnoides; Thynnichthys vaillanti;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

Country: Cambodia; Sumatra; North America;

 

 

Schultze, H.-P.; Stewart, J. D.; Neuner, A. W.; Coldiron, R. W. 1982. Type and figured specimens of fossil vertebrates in the collection of the University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Part 1: Fossil fishes. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History, Miscellaneous Publication. Vol. 73:1-53

MFNA-J; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-TU; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Anguillavid¾ Hay, 1903; Anguilliformes Goodrich, 1909; Anguilloidei Berg, 1940; Aulopiformes Rosen, 1973; Ceratodontidae Gill, 1872; Chimaeridae Rafinesque, 1815; Cimolichthyidae Goody, 1969; Cretoxyrhinidae GlŸckman, 1958; Crossognathidae Woodward, 1901; Dercetidae Cope, 1878; Dipnoi MŸller, 1845; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838; Elopiformes Greenwood et al., 1966; Elopoidei Jordan, 1923; Enchodontidae Woodward, 1901; Ginglymodi Cope, 1872; Halecomorphi Cope, 1871; Halecostomi Regan, 1923; Ichthyodectidae Crook, 1892; Ichthyodectiformes Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969; Ichthyodectoidei Romer, 1966; Lepisosteidae Cuvier, 1825; Leptolepididae Nicholson & Lydekker, 1889; Leptolepiformes Goodrich, 1930; Neopterygii Regan, 1923; Neoteleostei Nelson, 1969; Osteoglossiformes Greenwood, 1963; Osteoglossoidei Greenwood, 1963; Pachycormiformes Berg, 1940; Pachyrhizodontidae Cope, 1872; Paracanthopterygii Greenwood et al., 1966; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Polymixiidae Gill, 1862; Polymixiiformes Rosen & Patterson, 1969; Protosphyraenidae Nicholson & Lydekker, 1889; Ptychodontidae Hay, 1902; Pycnodontidae Owen, 1846; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1940; Saurocephalidae Cope, 1871; Teleostei MŸller, 1846; Urenchelidae Regan, 1912;

Genera/Species: Ananogmius  White & Moy-Thomas, 1940; Anguillavus Hay, 1903; Anguillavus hackberryensis Martin, 1922; Anogmius Cope, 1877; Anogmius evolutus Cope, 1877; Anogmius polymicrodus Stewart, 1899d [sic Schultze, Stewart, Neuner, & Coldiron, 1982, p. 33]; Apsopelix Cope, 1871; Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon, 1850); Apsopelix sauriformis Cope, 1870; Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Bananogmius evolutus (Cope, 1877); Beryx multidentatus Stewart, 1898d; Beryx polymicrodus Stewart, 1898d; Ceratodus Agassiz, 1838; Cimolichthys Leidy, 1857; Cimolichthys nepaholica (Cope, 1872); Coelodus Heckel, 1856; Coelodus brownii Cope, 1894; Coelodus stantoni Williston, 1900; Coelodus streckeri Hibbard, 1939; Corax falcatus Agassiz; Daptinus Cope, 1873; Daptinus broadheadi Stewart, 1898; Empo lisbonensis Stewart, 1899c, p. 111; Empo nepaeolica Cope; Empo nepaholica Cope, 1872; Empo semianceps Cope; Enchodus Agassiz, 1835; Enchodus amicrodus Stewart, 1898d; Enchodus dirus (Leidy, 1857); Enchodus dolichus Cope, 1875; Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872a); Enchodus parvus Stewart, 1898d, p. 192; Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874; Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856; Eurychir Jordan, 1924; Eurychir lindleyi Jordan, 1924, p. 232; Ferrifrons Jordan, 1924; Ferrifrons rugosus Jordan, 1924; Gillicus Hay, 1898; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope, 1875); Ichthyodectes  Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes acanthicus Cope, 1877; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1972 [sic Schultze, Stewart, Neuner, & Coldiron, 1982, p. 26]; Ichthyodectes cruentis Hay, 1898;  Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes hamatus Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes parvus Stewart, 1900; Ichthypriapus Hibbard, 1942; Ichthypriapus hubbsi Hibbard, 1942; Kansanus Jordan, 1924; Kansanus martini Jordan, 1924, p. 226; Lamna; Lamna appendiculata; Lamniospondylus Springer, 1957; Lamniospondylus transversus Springer, 1957; Lepisosteus La CŽpde, 1803; Leptecodon Williston, 1899; Leptecodon rectus Williston, 1899a, p. 113; Leptolepis Agassiz, 1832; Leptolepis schoewei Dunkle, 1942, p. 62; Leptichthys Stewart, 1899e; Leptichthys agilis Stewart, 1899e, p. 78; Luxilites Jordan, 1924; Luxilites striolatus Jordan, 1924; Martinichthys McClung, 1926; Martinichthys acutus McClung, 1926, p. 25; Martinichthys alternatus McClung, 1926, p. 26; Martinichthys brevis McClung, 1926, p. 21; Martinichthys gracilis  McClung, 1926, p. 26; Martinichthys intermedius McClung, 1926, p. 26; Martinichthys latus McClung, 1926, p. 21; Martinichthys ziphioides (Cope, 1877); Micropycnodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1945; Micropycnodon kansasensis (Hibbard & Graffham, 1941); Niobrara Jordan, 1924; Niobrara encarsia Jordan, 1924; Omosoma Costa, 1857; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976, p. 356; Pachyrhizodus Dixon, 1859; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus latimentum? Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874; Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart, 1899b; Pachyrhizodus velox Stewart, 1898d; Portheus Cope, 1871; Portheus Lowii Stewart, 1898a; Protosphyraena Leidy, 1857; Protosphyraena bentoniana Stewart, 1898a; Protosphyraena gigas Stewart, 1899c; Protosphyraena gladius (Cope, 1873); Protosphyraena occidentalis Stewart, 1900; Protosphyraena penetrans (Cope, 1877); Protosphyraena pernicosa (Cope, 1874); Protosphyraena recurvirostis Stewart, 1898d; Protosphyraena tenuis Loomis, 1900; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus anonymous Williston, 1900a; Ptychodus martini Williston, 1900; Ptychodus mortoni Mantell, 1842; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868; Ptychodus polygyrus Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus whipplei Marcou, 1858; Pycnomicrodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1941; Pycnomicrodon kansasensis Hibbard & Graffham, 1941, p. 72; Saurocephalus Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus dentatus Stewart, 1898a; Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824; Saurodon Hays, 1830; Saurodon broadheadi (Stewart, 1898); Saurodon feroxi Stewart, 1898c; Saurodon leanus Hay, 1830; Saurodon Phlebotomus Cope; Saurodon xiphirostris Stewart, 1898c; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Stratodus Cope, 1872; Stratodus apicalis Cope, 1872; Thrissopater intestinalis Moody, 1910, p. 281; Urenchelys Woodward, 1900; Urenchelys abditus Wiley & Stewart, 1981, p. 44; Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus brachygnathus Stewart, 1899c; Xiphactinus lestero Stewart, 1898b; Xiphactinus lowii Sewart, 1898a; Zanclites Jordan, 1924, p. 224; Zanclites xenurus Jordan, 1924, p. 224;

Formation: Carlile Shale Fm.; Graneros Shale Fm.; Greenhorn Limestone; Kiowa Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Pierre Shale Fm.; Smoky Hill Chalk;

Country: USA: Colorado; Kansas; Texas;

 

 

Schwimmer, D. R.; Stewart, J. D.; Williams, G. D.1997. Xiphactinus vetus and the distribution of Xiphactinus species in the eastern United States. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 17(3):610-615

Short Title: Xiphactinus vetus and the distribution of Xiphactinus species in the eastern United States

MFNA-CL, MFNA-CL-KC, MFNA-CL-GA,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Ichthyodectidae;

Genera/Species: Xiphactinus; Portheus; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Portheus molossus Cope, 1871; Xiphactinus  (Polygonodon)vetus (Leidy, 1856);

Formation: Austin Chalk; Lower Pierre shale; Sharon Springs Member; Pembina Member; Niobrara chalk; Demopolis Fm.; Naversink Fm.; Blufftown Fm.; Marshalltown Fm.; Black River Fm.; Mount Laurel Fm.;

Country: USA: Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming; CANADA: Manitoba,

 

 

Shimada, K.1994. Occurrence of Ptychodus whipplei in Kansas and its potential diet. (ABSTRACT) p. 35 IN: Abstracts of papers presented at the 126th Kansas Academy of Science annual meeting, Topeka, Kansas, April 7-8, 1994. Vol. 13

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Genera/Species: Ptychodus decurrens Agassiz, 1835; Ptychodus whipplei Marcou, 1858; Ptychodus anonymus Williston, 1900;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Greenhorn Limestone; Niobrara Chalk;

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.1994. Jaws of the Late Cretaceous shark, Squalicorax kaupi, from Western Kansas. (ABSTRACT).p. 393 IN: ICVM-4 Abstracts, Journal of Morphology. Vol. 220:p. 393

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae

Genera/Species: Squalicorax; Squalicorax kaupi;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.1996. Selachians from the Fort Hays Limestone Member of the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous), Ellis County, Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 99(1-2):1-15

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Alopiidae Bonaparte, 1838; Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Cretoxyrhinidae Gluckman, 1958; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838; Euselachii Hay, 1902; Superorder Galeomorphii Compagno, 1973; Hybodontoidea Zangerl, 1981; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Mitsukurinidae Jordan, 1898; Neoselachii Compagno, 1977; Ptychodontidae Jaekel, 1898; Selachians;

Genera/Species: Cretolamna Gluckman, 1958; Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1835); Cretoxyrhina Gluckman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Enchodus; Gillicus arcuatus; Micropycnodon kansasensis; Paranomotodon Herman, 1975; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1838; Ptychodus mortoni Agassiz, 1843; cf. Scapanorhynchus Woodward, 1889; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843);

Formation: Fort Hays Limestone; Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas; Texas; Western Europe;

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Paleoecological relationships of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz). Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 71(5):926-933

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cretoxyrhinidae; Lamniformes;

Genera/Species: Cretolamna; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz); Ichthyodectes ctenodon; Protosphyraena nitida; Squalicorax; Squalicorax falcatus; Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Dentition of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from the Niobrara Chalk of Kansas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 17(2):269-279

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: lamniform

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 1997. Skeletal anatomy of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from the Niobrara Chalk in Kansas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 17(4):642-652

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late Coniacian/Santonian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Cretoxyrhinidae; Lamniformes; Lamnidae;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Oxyrhina Agassiz, 1843;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K. 2000. Skeletal anatomy of the Late Cretaceous shark, Squalicorax falcatus. (ABSTRACT). p. 69a. IN: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 20(Supplement to Number 3:p. 69A

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Genera/Species: Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.2008. New anacoracid shark from Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Chalk of Western Kansas, U.S.A. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 28(4):1189-1194

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Chondrichthyes Huxley, 1880; Elasmobranchii Bonaparte, 1838; Euselachii Hay, 1902; Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Neoselachii Compagno, 1977;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Lamna; Pseudocorax; Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax baharijensis (Stršmer, 1927); Squalicorax bassanni (Gammellaro, 1920); Squalicorax curvatus (Williston, 1900); Squalicorax falcatus; Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax microserratodon Shimada, 2008, p. 1189; Squalicorax pawpawensis Siverson, Lindgren, & Kelley, 2007; Squalicorax priscoserratus Siverson, Lindgren, & Kelley, 2007; Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis (Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971); Squalicorax yangaensis (Dartevelle & Casier, 1943);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk; Smoky Hill Chalk;

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Bell, Jr., G. L.2006. Coniasaurus  Owen, 1850 (Reptilia: Squamata), from the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Chalk of western Kansas. Journal of Paleontology. Vol. 80(3):589-593

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Holocentridae; Plethodidae; Pycnodontiformes;

Genera/Species: Apateodus; Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon); Caproberyx; Cimolichthys nepaholica (Cope); Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz); Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz); Enchodus gladiolus (Cope); Enchodus petrosus Cope; Enchodus shumardi Leidy; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope); Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope; Laminospondylus transversus Springer; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope; Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart; Paraliodesmus guadagnii Dunkle; Protosphyraena gladius (Cope); Protosphyraena tenuis (Loomis); Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche); Ptychodus mortoni Mantell; Saurodon leanus Hays; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz); Stratodus apicalis; Trachichthyoides; Urechelys abditus wiley & Stewart; Xiphactinus audax Leidy;

Formation: Carlile Shale; Dakota Fm.; Graneros Shale; Greenhorn Limestone; Niobrara Fm.; Pierre Shale; Smoky Hill Chalk;

Country: USA: Kansas; South Dakota; Texas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Cicimurri, D. J.2005. Skeletal anatomy of the Late Cretaceous shark, Squalicorax (Neoselachii: Anacoracidae). PalŠontologische Zeitschrift. Vol. 79(2):241-261

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae; Carcharhiniformes; Cretoxyrhinidae; Hexanchiformes; Lamniformes; Neoselachii; Orectolobiformes;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Microcorax Cappetta & Case, 1975; Paracorax Cappetta, 1977; Pseudocorax Priem, 1897; Squalicorax; Squalicorax baharijensis (Stršmer, 1927); Squalicorax curvatus (Williston, 1900); Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis (Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk; Pierre Shale;

Country: U.S.A.: Kansas; South Dakota; Texas; Wyoming;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Cicimurri, D. J. 2006. The oldest record of the Late Cretaceous anacoracid shark, Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz), from the western Interior, with comments on Squalicorax phylogeny. IN: Lucas, S. G.; Sullivan, R. M. (eds.). Late Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. Vol. 35:177-184

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Genera/Species: Squalicorax bassanni (Gammellaro, 1920); Squalicorax curvatus; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi; Squalicorax pristodontus; Squalicorax volgensis; Squalicorax yanganensis (Dartevelle & Casier, 1943);

Formation: Fox Hills Fm.; Niobrara Chalk; Pierre Shale;

Country: USA: North Dakota;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Cumbaa, S. L.; van Rooyen, D. 2006. Caudal fin skeleton of the Late Cretaceous Lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from the Niobrara Chalk of Kansas. IN: Lucas, S. G.; Sullivan, R. M. (eds.). Late Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. Vol. 35:185-192

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Judithian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Aquilan; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthyes; Cretoxyrhinidae Glickman, 1958; Elasmobranchii; Lamniformes Berg, 1958;

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina Glikman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Everhart, M. J. 2004. Shark-bitten Xiphactinus audax (Teleostei: Ichthyodectiformes) from the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas. The Mosasaur. Vol. 7:35-39

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopterygii; Ichthyodectidae Patterson & Rosen, 1977; Ichthyodectiformes Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969; Neopterygii; Osteichthyes; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Bananogmius; Cretoxyrhina; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope); Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus vetus Leidy;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Everhart, M. J.; Hooks, G. E., III. 2002. Ichthyodectid fish and protostegid turtle bitten by the Late Cretaceous Lamniform Shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 22(Supplement to Number 3):106A

MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-GA;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Mooreville Chalk; Niobrara Chalk;

Country: USA: Alabama, Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Ewell, K.; Everhart, M. J. 2004. The first record of the lamniform shark genus, Johnlongia, from the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous), western Kansas. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 107(3/4):131-135

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Chondrichthye (sic IN: Shimada, Ewell, & Everhart, 2004, p. 131); Elasmobranchii; Euselachii; Lamniformes; Neoselachii; Odontaspididae

Genera/Species: Cretolamna appendiculata (Agassiz); Cretoxyrhina; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz); Johnlongia Siverson, 1996; Protosphyraena perniciosa; Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche); Ptychodus; Scapanorhynchus raphiodon (Agassiz); Squalicorax; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz); Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk;

Country: Kansas

 

 

Shimada, K.; Fielitz, C. 2006. Annotated checklist of fossil fishes from the Smoky Hill Chalk of the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) in Kansas. IN: Lucas, S. G.; Sullivan, R. M. (eds.). Late Cretaceous vertebrates from the Western Interior New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin. Vol. 35:193-213

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian/Turonian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acanthomorpha Rosen, 1973; Acanthopterygii Rosen & Patterson, 1969; Actinopterygii; Albulidae Bleeker, 1859; Albuliformes Greenwood, 1977; Amiiformes Hay, 1929; Anacoracidae Casier, 1947; Anguilliformes Berg, 1940; Asarotidae Schaeffer, 1968; Asarotiformes  Schaeffer, 1968; Aspidorhynchidae Nicholson & Lydekker, 1889; Aulopiformes Rosen, 1973; Beryciformes Berg, 1940; Callorhynchidae Garman, 1901; Carcharhiniformes Compagno, 1973; Caturoidea Owen, 1860; Chimaeriformes Obruchev, 1953; Chondrichthyes; Cimolichthyidae Goody, 1969; Cimolichthyoidea Nelson, 1994; Coelacanthiformes Lund & Lund, 1985; Cretoxyrhinidae Glickman, 1958; Crossognathidae Woodward, 1901; Crossognathiformes Taverne, 1989; Dercetidae Pictet, 1850; Elasmobranchii; Elopidae Jordan, 1923; Elopiformes Greenwood, Rosen, Weitzman, & Myers, 1966; Elopomorpha; Enchodontidae Woodward, 1901; Enchodontoidea Nelson, 1994; Enchodontoidei Nelson, 1994; Ferrifronsidae Arratia & Chorn, 1998; Holocentridae Richardson, 1846; Holocephali; Ichthyodectidae Crook, 1892; Ichthyodectiformes Bardack & Sprinkle, 1969; Ichthyotingoidea sic Shimada & Fielitz, p. 203;  Lamniformes Berg, 1958; Lepisosteidae Cuvier, 1825; Miktsikurinidae Jordan, 1898; Neopterygii; Nursallidae Blot, 1987; Odontaspididae MŸller & Henle, 1839; Osteichthyes; Pachycormidae Woodward, 1895; Pachycormiformes Berg, 1940; Pachyrhizodontidae Cope, 1872b; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Polymixiidae Gill, 1862; Polymixiiformes Rosen & Patterson, 1969; Ptychodontidae Jaekel, 1898; Pycnodontidae Owen, 1846; Pycnodontiformes Berg, 1940; Rajiformes Berg, 1940; Rhinobatidae MŸller & Henle, 1838; Sarcopterygii; Saurodontidae Cope, 1871; Semionotiformes Arambourg & Bertin, 1958; Teleostei; Triakidae Gray, 1851; Tselfatiiformes Nelson, 1994; Urenchelidae Woodward, 1900;

Genera/Species: Aetheocephalichthys Fielitz, Stewart, & Wiffen, 1999; Aetheocephalichthys hyainarhinos Fielitz, Stewart, & Wiffen, 1999; Agnomius Loomis, 1900; Ananogmius White & Moy-Thomas, 1940; Anguillavus Hay, 1903; Anguillavus hackberryensis Martin, 1922; Anogmius Cope, 1877a; Anogmius altus; Anogmius evolutus; Anogmius polymicrodus (Stewart, 1899d); Apateodus; Apsopelix Cope, 1871; Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon, 1850); Apsopelix sauriformis Cope, 1871; Asarotus Schaeffer, 1968; Asarotus arcanus Schaeffer, 1968; Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Bananogmius aratus (Cope, 1877a); Bananogmius evolutus; Bananogmius favirostris (Cope, 1877b); Bananogmius polymicrodus; Belonostomus; Beryx Stewart, 1898d; Beryx multidentatus Stewart, 1898d; Caproberyx Regan, 1911; Cimolichthys Leidy, 1857; Cimolichthys gladiolus Cope, 1872; Cimolichthys nepaeolica (Cope, 1872); Cimolichthys nepaholica (Cope, 1872); Cimolichthys sulcatus Cope, 1872; Cimolichthys sulcaus Cope, 1872 sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 202; Cimolichthys semianceps Cope, 1872; Cladocyclus occidentalis; Corax Agassiz, 1843; Corax falcatus Hussakof, 1908; Cretalamna Glikman, 1958; Cretalamna appendiculata (Agassiz, 1843); Cretoxyrhina Glikman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Daptinus Cope, 1873; Daptinus broadheadi Stewart, 1898a; Dixonanogmius Taverne, 200c; Edaphodon; Erisichthe Cope, 1873; Empo; Empo contracta Cope, 1874; Empo lisbonensis Stewart, 1899c; Empo merrillii Cope, 1874; Empo nepaholica Cope, 1872; Empo petrosus; Empo semianceps Cope, 1874; Empo sulcata Cope, 1874; Enchodus Agassiz, 1835; Enchodus amicrodus Stewart, 1898d; Enchodus dirus (Leidy, 1857); Enchodus dolichus Cope, 1875; Enchodus gladiolus (Cope, 1872); Enchodus parvis Stewart, 1898d; Enchodus petrosus Cope, 1874; Enchodus saevus (Hay, 1903); Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856; Erisichthe nitida Cope, 1877; Erisichthe penetrans Cope, 1877c; Eurychir lindleyi Jordan, 1924; Ferrifrons Jordan, 1924; Ferrifrons rugosus Jordan, 1924; Galeocerdo crassidens Cope, 1872; Galeocerdo hartwellii Cope, 1872; Galeorhinus Blainville, 1816; Gillicus Hay, 1898b; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope, 1875); Hadrodus Leidy, 1873; Hadrodus marshi Gregory, 1950; Helmintholepis vermiculatus Cockerell, 1919; Ichthyodectes Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes acanthicus Cope, 1877b; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes cruentus Hay, 1898b; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870; Ichthyodectes goodeanus Cope, 1877b; Ichthyodectes hamatus Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes multidentatus Cope, 1872; Ichthyodectes occidentalis; Ichthyodectes parvis Stewart, 1900; Ichthyodectes prognathus (Cope, 1870); Ichthypriapus hubbsi Hibbard, 1942; Isurus mantelli; Johnlongia Siverson, 1996; Kansanus martini Jordan, 1924; Kansius Hussakoff, 1929; Kansius sternbergi Hussakof, 1929; Laminospondylus Springer, 1957; Laminospondylus transverses sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, Table 1., p. 205; Laminospondylus transversus Springer, 1957; Lepisosteus LacŽpde, 1803; Leptichthys; Leptichthys agilis Stewart, 1899e; Leptecodon Williston, 1899; Leptecodon rectus Williston, 1899; Leptichthys agilis Stewart, 1900; Luxilites Jordan, 1924; Luxilites striolatus Jordan, 1924; Martinichthys McClung, 1926; Martinichthys acutus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys alternatus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys brevis McClung, 1926; Martinichthys gracilis McClung, 1926;  Martinichthys intermedius McClung, 1926;  Martinichthys latus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys ziphioides (Cope, 1877c); Micropycnodon Hibbard & Graffham, 1945; Micropycnodon kansasensis (Hibbard & Graffham, 1941); Moorevillia hardi Applegate, 1970; Niobrara Jordan, 1924; Niobrara encarsia Jordan, 1924; Odontaspis; Omosoma Costa, 1857; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976; Oricandinus sheareri Cope, 1872 sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 202; Oricardinus sheareri Cope, 1872; Oricardinus tortus Cope, 1877b; Osmeroides Agassiz, 1843; Osmeroides evoutus (Cope, 1877b); Osmeroides polymicrodus (Stewart, 1898d); Oxyrhina Agassiz, 1843; Pachyrhizodus Dixon, 1850; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus caninus (Hay, 1903) sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 202; Pachyrhizodus curvatus Loomis, 1900; Pachyrhizodus kingi Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus latimentum Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus leptognathus Stewart, 1898d; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874; Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart, 1899b; Pachyrhizodus sheareri Cope, 1872; Pachyrhizodus velox Stewart, 1898d; Palaeobalistum Blainville, 1818; Palaeoclupea dakotensis Dante, 1942; Palelops Applegate, 1970; Palelops eutawensis Applegate, 1970; Paraliodesmus Dunkle, 1969; Paraliodesmus guadagnii Dunkle, 1969; Pelecopterus chirurgus Cope, 1875; Pelycorapis berycinus Cope, 1877a; Pentanogmius Taverne, 2002c; Pentanogmius evolutus (Cope, 1877b); Phasganodus dirus Leidy, 1857; Platyceramus platinus (Stewart, 1990b); Plethodus Dixon, 1850; Plethodus oblongus (Dixon, 1850); Plethodus rotundus (Loomis, 1900); Portheus colosus sic Sternberg, 1907b, p. 122; Portheus lestrio Cope, 1873; Portheus lowii Stewart, 1898a; Portheus mollossus sic Sternberg, 1905, p. 127; Portheus molossus Cope, 1871; Portheus mudgei Cope, 1874; Portheus thaumas Cope, 1870 sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 199; Portheus thaumas Cope, 1872 sic Shimada & Fielitz, 2006, p. 199; Prosaurodon Stewart, 1999a; Prosaurodon pygmaeus (Loomis, 1900); Protosphyraena Leidy, 1857; Protosphyraena chirurgus Cope, 1877c; Protosphyraena dimidiata (Cope, 1878); Protosphyraena gladius (Cope, 1873); Protosphyraena nitida (Cope, 1872); Protosphyraena obliquidens Loomis, 1900; Protosphyraena occidentalis Stewart, 1900; Protosphyraena penetrans (Cope, 1877c); Protosphyraena pernicosa (Cope, 1874) sic Stewart, 1988, pp. 91, 92; Protosphyraena perniciosa (Cope, 1874); Protosphyraena recurvirostris Stewart, 1898d; Protosphyraena sequax Hay, 1903; Protosphyraena tenuis (Loomis, 1900); Protosphyraena xiphoides; Protosphyraena ziphioides (Cope, 1877c); Pseudanogmius Taverne, 2002b; Pseudanogmius maiseyi Taverne, 2002b; Pseudocorax Priem, 1897; Pseudocorax affinis (Agassiz, 1843); Pseudocorax laevis (Leriche, 1906); Pseudothryptodus Loomis, 1900; Pseudothryptodus intermedius Loomis, 1900; Ptychodus Agassiz, 1835; Ptychodus anonymus Williston, 1900a; Ptychodus latissimus Agassiz, 1843; Ptychodus mammillaris Agassiz, 1839; Ptychodus mortoni Mantell, 1839; Ptychodus martini Williston, 1900a; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868; Ptychodus polygyrus Agassiz, 1839; Pycnomicrodon; Rhinobatos Linck, 1790; Saurocephalus Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus arapahovius Cope, 1872; Saurocephalus audax Cope, 1870; Saurocephalus dentatus Stewart, 1898a; Saurocephalus goodeanus (Cope, 1877b); Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, 1824; Saurocephalus pamphagus Hay, 1899; Saurocephalus phlebotomus Cope, 1870; Saurocephalus thaumas Cope, 1870; Saurodon Hays, 1830; Saurodon broadheadi (Stewart, 1898a); Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830; Saurodon xiphirostris Stewart, 1898c; Scapanorhynchus Woodward, 1889; Scapanorhynchus raphiodon (Agassiz, 1844); Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax falcatus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax kaupi (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax pristodontus (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis (Glikman IN: Glikman & Shvazhaite, 1971); Stratodus Cope, 1872; Stratodus apicalis Cope, 1872; Stratodus oxypogen Cope, 1877b; Syllaemus latifrons Cope, 1875; Syllaemus hanifi Green, 1957; Syntegmodus Loomis, 1900; Syntegmodus altus Loomis, 1900; Tetheodus pephredo Cope, 1874; Thryptodus Loomis, 1900; Thryptodus zitteli Loomis, 1900; Trachichthyoides Woodward, 1902; Urenchelys Woodward, 1900; Urenchelys abditus wiley & Stewart, 1981; Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Xiphactinus brachygnathus Stewart, 1899c; Zanclites Jordan, 1924; Zanclites xenurus Jordan, 1924;

Formation: Benton Hill Fm.; Carlile Fm.; Greenhorn Fm.; Niobrara Chalk Fm.; Smoky Hill Chalk;

Country: U.K.: England; U.S.A.: Kansas;

 

 

Shimada, K.; Hubbell, G. 2001. Identity of small symmetrical teeth of the Late Cretaceous lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli, from western Kansas, U.S.A. Journal of Fossil Research. Vol. 34(2):55-57

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: lamniform

Genera/Species: Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz);

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Siverson, M.; Lindgren, J.2005. Late Cretaceous sharks Cretoxyrhina and Cardabiodon from Montana, USA. Acta Palaeontol. Pol. Vol. 50(2):301-314

MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anacoracidae; Cardabiodontidae Siverson, 1999; Lamniformes;

Genera/Species: Archaeolamna Siverson, 1992; Carcharias; Cardabiodon Siverson, 1999; Cardabiodon ricki Siverson, 1999; Cardabiodon venator Siverson & Lindgren, 2005; Cretalamna appendiculata; Cretolamna woodwardi; Cretamanta canadensis Case, Tokaryk, & Baird, 1990;  Cretodus Sokolov, 1965; Cretodus semiplicatus; Cretoxyrhina Glikman, 1958; Cretoxyrhina mantelli (Agassiz, 1843); Cretoxyrhina sulukapensis; Cretoxyrhina vraconensis (Zhelezko, 2000); Dallasiella willistoni Cappetta & Case, 1999; Dwardius Siverson, 1999; Dwardius siversoni (Zhelezko, 2000); Dwardius woodwardi; Isurus Rafinesque, 1810; Isurus cf. I. appendiculatus (Agassiz, 1843); Isurus cf. I. semiplicata (Agassiz, 1843);  Isurus cf. I. semiplicatus (Agassiz, 1843)(sic Siverson & Lindgren, 2005, p. 302); Johnlongia parvidens (Cappetta, 1973); Lamna rupeliensis LeHon, 1871; Oxyrhina benedeni; Palaeoanacorax pamiricus Glikman, 1971 IN: Glikman & Shavazhaite, 1971; Paratodus Cappetta, 1980; Paratodus benedeni (LeHon, 1871); Paratodus mangyshlakensis; Pseudoisurus Zhelezko, 2000; Pseudoisurus vraconensis;  Ptychodus Agassiz, 1838; Ptychodus whipplei (Marcou, 1858); Squalicorax Whitley, 1939; Squalicorax falcatus  (Agassiz, 1843); Squalicorax volgensis;

Formation: Alinga Fm.; Carlile Shale; Gingin Chalk; Greenhorn Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Pawpaw Fm.;

Country: Australia; Kazakhstan; Russia; Sweden; USA: Montana;

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1905. Protostega gigas and other Cretaceous reptiles and fishes from the Kansas Chalk. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. Vol. 19:123-128, pls. xviii, xix.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Genera/Species: Protostega gigas

Formation: Kansas Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1907. Portheus molossus Cope, and other fishes from the Kansas Chalk. Notice in Science, n.s. Vol. 25:295.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Genera/Species: Portheus molossus Cope

Formation: Kansas Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Sternberg, Charles H. 1913. Expeditions to the Miocene of Wyoming and the chalk beds of Kansas. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. Vol. 26:45-49. pl.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Formation: Kansas Chalk Beds

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Stewart, A. S.1900. Part II. Cretaceous fishes. Teleosts of the Upper Cretaceous. pp. 257-380. Mugilid¾. On the Range of American Cretaceous teleost fishes in comparison with those of some other localities.  pp. 383-516. IN: Williston, S. W. (ed.). The University Geological Survey of Kansas. Vol. 6. Paleontology Part II. Carboniferous and Cretaceous. Pp. 1-516, with 8 pls.

MFNA-T, MFNA-C, MFNA-CE, MFNA-CE-WI, MFNA-CL, MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian/Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Triassic;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinochiri Copep. 244; Albulid¾; Berycid¾; Chirocentridae; Clupeid¾; Dercetid¾ Williston [=Hoplopleurid¾ Pictet and Humbert]; Elopid¾; Enchodontidae [= Enchodid¾]; Halecidae; Ichthyodectid¾ Crook; Mugilid¾; Osteoglossid¾; Pachycormid¾ [=Pelecopterid¾ Cope, =Erisichtheid¾ Cope, =Protosphyr¾nid¾ Woodward]; Plethodid¾; Protosphyr¾nid¾ [=Erisichtheid¾ Cope]; Protospondyli; Mugilid¾; Protospondyli; Plethodidae; Salmonid¾ [=Pachyrhizodontid¾ Cope, p. 343]; Saurocephalidae Berg, 1940; Saurocephalid¾ Zittel; Saurodontid¾ Cope; Saurodontidae Cope; Stratodontid¾; Teleostei;

Genera/Species: Acrogaster; Acrognathus; Amia; Amphilaphurus; Ancistrodon; Anguila; Anogmius Cope, 1870, p. 170; Anogmius aratus; Anogmius arcatus Cope, 1878, pp. 178 {Stewart, 1900, PP. 340-341, says it might have been Cope's "SLIP OF THE PEN?"};  Anogmius contractus Cope, 1870, p. 170; Anogmius evolutus Cope, 1878, pp. 179 [= Beryx? multidentatus Stewart, p. 196]; Anogmius favirostris Cope, 1878, pp. 178-180; Anogmius polymicrodus Stewart, pp.195,196 [=Beryx polymicrodus Stewart, pp.195,196]; Apsopelix Cope; Aspidopleurus; Aulolepis; Berycopsis; Beryx; Brachyspondylus; Calamopleurus; Caturus; Charitosomus; Cheithrothrix; Chirocentrites; Chondrosteus; Cimolichthys Leidy, p. 267; Cimolichthys contracta Cope, p. 273; Cimolichthys merilli Cope, p. 272; Cimolichthys nepÏolica Cope, p. 271; Cimolichthys semianceps Cope, 1872, p. 233; Cimolichthys sulcatus Cope, 1872, p. 351; Cladocyclus; Clupea; CÏlorhynchus; Dactylopogon; Daptinus Cope, 1873; Daptinus (Saurodon); Dercetis (Leptotrachelus); Dermatoptychus; Echidnocephalus; Empo Cope; Empo contracta Cope, 1874, p. 46; Empo lisbonensis Stewart; Empo merrilli Cope; Empo nep¾olica Cope, 1872, p. 347 [=Empo sulcata Cope, p. 46; Empo semianceps (Cope, 1872, p. 351) [= Cimolichthys semianceps Cope, 1872, p. 351; Empo semianceps (Cope, 1872, p. 233)]; Enchelurus; Enchodus Agassiz, p. 64; Enchodus amicrodus Stewart, p. 193; Enchodus (Phasganodus) anceps Cope; Enchodus (Phasganodus) carinatus Cope; Enchodus calliodon Cope; Enchodus (Phasganodus) dirus (Leidy, 1857, p. 167), [=Phasganodus dirus Leidy, 1857, p. 167]; Enchodus dolichus Cope, pp. 239,240; Enchodus ferox Morton & Leidy,  p. 64; Enchodus (Phasganodus) gladiolus Cope; Enchodus minimus Stewart; Enchodus oxytomus Cope; Enchodus parvus Stewart, p. 192; Enchodus petrosus Cope, p. 44; Enchodus pressidens Cope; Enchodus (Phasganodus) semistratus Marsh; Enchodus shumardi Leidy, 1856, p. 257; Enchodus tetracus Cope; Engraulis; Erisichthe Cope, 1872, p. 280; Eurygnathus; Eurypholis; Exocoetoides; Gillicus Hay, 1898, p. 320; Gillicus arcuatus (Cope, 1875, pp. 204, 274) [= Portheus arcuatus Cope, 1875, pp. 204, 274, =Ichthyodectes arcuatus Cope, 1878, p. 177, =Gillicus (Ichthyodectes) polymicrodus, =Ichthyodectes polymicrodus Crook, 1892, p. 112]; Gillicus Hay, 1898, p. 320; Holcolepis; Homonotus; Hoploteryx (sic Stewart, 1900, p. 388); Hoplopteryx; Hypsodon Agassiz; Ichthodectes (sic) Stewart, 1900, p. 317; Ichthyodectes Cope, 1870, p. 536; Ichthyodectes acanthicus Cope, 1878, p. 177; Ichthyodectes anaides Cope, 1871, pp. 339,340; Ichthyodectes arcuatus (Cope, 1875); Ichthyodectes cruentus Hay, 1898, pp. 225-228; Ichthyodectes cruentus Hay, 1898; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope, 1870, p. 536; Ichthyodectes goodeanus Cope; Ichthyodectes hamatus Cope, 1872, 340; Ichthyodectes multidentatus Cope, p. 243; Ichthyodectes occidentalis Leidy, 1871, p. 242; Ichthyodectes parvus Stewart, 1900, p. 302; Ichthyodectes pernicosus Cope; Ichthyodectes polymicrodus Crook, 1892; Ichthyodectes prognathus Cope; Ichthyotringa Cope; Imogaster; Ischyrhiza; Ischyrocephalus; Istcius; Leptecodon; Leptecodon rectus Williston, p. 113; Leptichthys Stewart; Leptichthys agilis Stewart, 1900, pp. 372-373; Leptichthys Stewart, pp. 78,79; Leptosomus; Leptotrachelus longipennis Cope; Lewisia; Lucius (Esox); Macrolepis; Megapus; Mesogaster; MicrocÏlia; Microdon; Omosoma; Opistopteryx; Oricardinus; Osmeroides Agassiz; Osmeroides evolutus Cope, p. 257; Osmeroides polymicrodus Stewart, p. 256; Pachyrhizodus Dixon, 1850, p.374; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872, pp. 344-346; Pachyrhizodus curvatus Loomis, p. 265; Pachyrhizodus ferox (sic Stewart, 1900, p. 393) Stewart; Pachyrhizodus kingi Cope; Pachyrhizodus latimentum Cope, 1872, p. 346; Pachyrhizodus lepitopsis (sic Stewart, 1900, p. 393) Cope; Pachyrhizodus leptognathus Stewart, p. 193; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, p. 225; Pachyrhizodus minimus Stewart, pp. 37,38; Pachyrhizodus sheareri Cope; Pachyrhizodus velox Stewart, pp. 193-195; Pagellus; Pal¾olycus; Pantopholis; Pelargorhynchus; Pelecorapis; Pelecopterus Cope, p. 244C; Petalopteryx; Phylatocephalus; Platax; Platycormus; Pletheodus; Plinthophorus; Polypsephis; Pomagnathus; Portheus Cope, 1871, p. 175; Portheus (Xiphactinus); Portheus arcuatus Cope, 1875; Portheus lowii Stewart, p. 24; Portheus molossus Cope, 1871, p. 174; Portheus thaumas Cope, pp. 194-196; Protosphyr¾na Leidy, pp. 91-95; Protosphyr¾na bentoniana Stewart, pp. 27,28 [=Protosphyr¾na bentonia Stewart, pp. 27,28]; Protosphyr¾na gigas Stewart; Protosphyr¾na Leidy, pp. 91-95 [= Xiphias Leidy, pp. 91-95; Protosphyr¾na; Protosphyr¾na n.sp.? Stewart, 1900, pp. 368-369; Protosphyr¾na chirurgus; Protosphyr¾na ferox; Protosphyr¾na gigas Stewart; Protosphyr¾na gladius Cope; Protosphyr¾na nitida Cope, p. 227; Protosphyr¾na obliquidens Loomis, p. 225; Protosphyr¾na occidentalis Stewart; Protosphyr¾na penetrans Cope, 1877, p. 821; Protosphyr¾na recurvirostris Stewart, pp. 191,192; Protosphyr¾na tenuis Loomis, p. 225; Protosphyr¾nan; Pseudoberyx; Pseudothryptodus Loomis, p. 235; Pseudothryptodus intermedius Loomis, p. 236; Pseudothryptodus Loomis, p. 235; Ptychodus Agassiz; Pyconosterinx; Rhinellus; S. intermedius Newton p. 444; Salmo; Sardinius; Sardinoides; Saurocephalus Harlan, p. 337; Saurocephalus arapahorius Cope; Saurocephalus audax Cope, 1870, p. 533; Saurocephalus broadheadi Stewart; Saurocephalus dentatus Stewart, pp. 25-27; Saurocephalus lanciformis Harlan, p. 337; Saurocephalus pamphagus Hay; Saurocephalus phlebotomus Cope, 1870, p. 213; Saurocephalus phlebotomus Cope, 1870, p. 530; Saurocephalus thaumas Cope1970, p. 533; Saurodon Hays, 1830, p. 339; Saurodon broadheadi Stewart  [=Daptinus broadheadi Stewart, pp. 24,25]; Saurodon ferox Stewart, 1900, p. 319?,  pl. 56,  pl. 57, figs. 1-3 (= Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830, p. 476); Saurodon ferox Stewart, p. 183; Saurodon intermedius Newton; Saurodon leanus Hays; Saurodon phlebotomus Cope, p. 213 [=Daptinus phlebotomus Cope, p. 213; Saurodon pygm¾us Loomis, p. 248; Saurodon xiphirostris Stewart, p. 178; Scombroclupea; Solenognathus; Spaniodon; Spathiurus; Sphyr¾na; Stenostoma; Stratodus Cope; Stratodus anglicus Woodward; Stratodus apicalis Cope, 1872, p. 348; Stratodus oxypogon Cope; Syll¾mus Cope, 1870, p. 180; Syl¾mus (sic Stewart, 1900, Plate 72, Fig. 2); Syl¾mus latifrons Cope (sic  Stewart, 1900, p. 403); Syll¾mus latifrons Cope, 1870, p. 181; Syntegmodus Loomis, p. 252; Syntegmodus altus Loomis, p. 253; Tachynectis; Telepholis; Tetheodus; Thrissopteroides; Thryptodus Loomis, p. 229; Thryptodus rotundus Loomis, p. 235; Thryptodus zitteli Loomis, p. 234; Tomognathus; Tri¾naspis; Vomer; Xenopholis; Xiphactinus Leidy, 1870, p. 12; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870, p. 12, [=Saurocephalus thaumas Cope, 1870, p. 533; Xiphactinus brachygnathus Stewart; Xiphactinus lestrio Cope; Xiphactinus lowii (Stewart, p. 24),  [=Portheus lowii Stewart, p. 24]; Xiphactinus lowii Stewart; Xiphactinus molossus; Xiphactinus mudgei Cope; Xiphactinus thaumas; Xiphias Leidy, pp. 91-95; Xiphias dixoni Leidy;

Formation: English Chalk; Fort Benton; Greenleaf Sandstone; Greensand; Kiowa Shales; Niobrara Formation; Fort Pierre Formation; Fox Hills; Fort Benton; Marl; Rotten Limestone; Upper and Lower Trinity Sands;

Country: Lebanon; Syria; U.K.: England; USA: Alabama; Arkansas; Colorado; Delaware; Dakota; Kansas; Mississippi; Nebraska; New Jersey; Texas; Viginia; Westphalia;

 

 

Stewart, J. D. 1990. Niobrara Formation symbiotic fish in inoceramid bivalves. Pp. 31-41. IN: Bennett, S. C. (ed.). Niobrara Chalk Excursion Guidebook. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology.

MFNA-CL-KC,

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: albulid; holocentrid;

Genera/Species: Apsopelix anglicus; Caproberyx sp.; Enchodus gladiolus; Enchodus shumardi; Kansius sternbergi Hussakof, 1929; Leptecodon rectus Williston, 1899; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976; Paraliodesmus guadagnii Dunkle, 1969; Trachichthyoides; Urenchelys abditus Wiley & Stewart, 1981;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

Country: Germany; Lebanon; USA: Kansas

 

 

Stewart, J. D. 1990. Niobrara Formation vertebrate stratigraphy. Bennett, S. C. (ed.). Niobrara Chalk Excursion Guidebook. SVP:19-30

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Albulidae; holocentrid; Plethodidae; polymixiid;

Genera/Species: Apateodus; Apsopelix anglicus; Bananogmius evolutus; Bananogmius zitteli; Belonostomus; Caproberyx; Cimolichthys nepaholica; Cretolamna appendiculata; Cretoxyrhina mantelli; Enchodus dirus; Enchodus gladiolus; Enchodus petrosus; Enchodus shumardi; Gillicus arcuatus; Ichthyodectes ctenodon; Kansius sternbergi Hussakof, 1929; Laminospondylus transversus; Lepisosteus; Leptecodon rectus Williston, 1899; Martinichthys ziphoides; Micropycnodon kansasensis; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976; Pachyrhizodus caninus; Pachyrhizodus leptopsis; Pachyrhizodus minimus; Paraliodesmus guadagnii Dunkle, 1969; Prosaurodon pygmaeus; Protosphyraena gladius; Protosphyraena nitida; Protosphyraena pernicosa; Protosphyraena tenuis; Pseudocorax laevis; Ptychodus anonymous; Ptychodus martoni; Ptychodus mortoni; Saurodon leanus; Scapanorhynchus rhapiodon; Squalicorax; Squalicorax falcatus; Squalicorax kaupi; Stratodus apicalis; Trachichthyoides; Urenchelys abditus Wiley & Stewart, 1981; Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Niobrara Chalk Fm.; Sahel Alma;

Country: Germany; Lebanon; USA:Kansas;

 

 

Stewart, J. D. 1990. Preliminary account of halecostome-inoceramid commensalism in the Upper Cretaceous of Kansas. Pp. 51-58. IN: Boucot, A. J. Evolutionary Paleobiology of Behavior and Coevolution. Amsterdam. Elsevier:

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: amioid halecostome; holocentrid; eel;

Genera/Species: Caproberyx; Enchodus; Kansius sternbergi; Omosoma garretti; Paraliodesmus guadagnii; Trachichthyoides; Urenchelys abditus;

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Stewart, J. D.1996. Cretaceous acanthomorphs of North America. pp. 383-394. IN: Arratia, G.; Viohl, G. Mesozoic Fishes - Systematics and Paleoecology. Proceedings of the international meeting EichstŠtt, 1993. Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. MŸnchen, Germany.  576 pp.

MFNA-CL-LM; MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-GA;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian middle; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Acanthomorphs; Sphenocephalidae; polymixiid; Trachichthyiformes; Holocentridae;

Genera/Species:  Amphiplaga; Belonostomus sp.;  Beryx insculptus Cope, 1869;  Caproberyx; Hoplopteryx;  Hoplopteryx lewesiensis;  Kansius sternbergi Hussakof, 1929; Leptecodon rectus; Nematonotus longispinnus; Neogastroplites americanus; Neogastroplites cornutus; Neogastroplites maclearni Leckie et ali, 1992; Omosoma garretti Bardack, 1976;  Paraberyx californica; Paraliodesmus;  Paraliodesmus quadagnii;  Platyceramus platinus;  Rothwellia trachichthyiformis; Sphenocephalus fissicaudus;  Trachichthyioides;  Urenchelys abditus;  Xenyllion Wilson & Murray, 1996;  Xenyllion zonensis Wilson & Murray, 1996;

Formation: Carlile Shale Fm.; Eutaw Fm.; Gober Chalk Fm.; Hornerstown Fm.; Mooreville;  Mowry Shale; Niobrara Chalk Fm.; Niobrara FM.; Panoche Fm.; Shaftesbury; Pierre Shale Fm.; Mooreville Chalk Fm.;

Country: CANADA: Alberta, USA: Alabama; California; Colorado; Kansas; New Jersey; Texas; Utah,

 

 

Stewart, J. D.; Bell, G. L., Jr.1994. North America's oldest mosasaurs are teleosts. Contributions in Science. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Vol. 441:1-9

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Pachyrhizodontidae

Genera/Species: Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874; Xiphactinus audax Leidy, 1870; Pachyrhizodus minimus; Pachyrhizodus caninus; Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon, 1850); Hoploteryx lewesiensis (Mantell, 1822);

Formation: Austin Chalk; Niobrara Chalk Fm., Smoky Hill Chalk Member; Eagle Ford Fm.; English Chalk;

Country: North America: USA: Kansas; Texas;  U.K.: England;

 

 

Stewart, J. D.; Bell, G. L. 1994. North America's oldest mosasaurs are teleosts. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contributions in Science. Vol. 441:1-9

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Elopocephala; Pachyrhizodontidae

Genera/Species: Pachyrhizodus leptopsis Cope, 1874, p. 42; Pachyrhizodus caninus Cope, 1872

Formation: Niobrara Chalk Fm., Smoky Hill chalk Member; Eagle Ford Formation

Country: USA: Alabama, Kansas, Texas,

 

 

Stewart, J. D.; Carpenter, K. E. 1990. Examples of vertebrate predation on cephalopods in the Late Cretaceous of the western Interior. pp. 203-207. IN: Boucot, A. J. (ed.). Evolutionary Paleobiology of Behavior and Coevolution. Amsterdam. Elsevier

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Batoidea; teleostean;

Genera/Species: Cimolichthys; Cimolichthys nepabolica; Enchodus dirus; Gillicus arcuatus; Pachyrhizodus; Stratodus;

Formation: Smoky Hill Chalk; Pierre Shale

Country: USA: Kansas; Wyoming;

 

 

Stewart, J.D.; Everhart, P.A.; Everhart, M.J. 1991. Small coelecanths from Upper Cretaceous rocks of Kansas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 11:187

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: coelecanths

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Taverne, L. 1999. Revision of Zanclites xenurus, marine teleost (Pisces, Tselfatiiformes) from the Santonian (Upper Cretaceous) of Kansas (United States). Belg. Journal of Zoology. Vol. 129(2):421-438

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Tselfatiiformes

Genera/Species: Zanclites xenurus

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Taverne, L. 2000. RŽvision du genere Martinichthys, poisson martin (Teleostei, Tselfatiiformes) du CrŽtacŽ SupŽrieur du Kansas (ƒtats-Unis). GŽobios. Vol. 33(2):211-222

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Tselfatiiformes (Bananogmiiformes); Niobraridae; Plethodidae;

Genera/Species: Ferrifrons rugosus Jordan, 1924; Kansanus martini Jordan, 1924; Luxilites striolatus  Jordan, 1924; Martinichthys McClung, 1926; Martinichthys acutus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys alternatus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys brevis McClung, 1926; Martinichthys gracilis McClung, 1926; Martinichthys intermedius McClung, 1926; Martinichthys latus McClung, 1926; Martinichthys ziphoides (Cope, 1877); Niobrara encarsia Jordan, 1924; Plethodus; Thryptodus; Tselfatia formosa Arambourg, 1943; Zanclites xenurus Jordan, 1924;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Taverne, L. 2000. Osteologie et position systematique du genere Plethodus et des nouveaux genres Dixonanogmius et Pentanogmius, poissons marins du Cretace (Teleostei, Tselfatiiformes). 1999 (2000). Biol. Jaarb. Dodonae. Vol. 67(1):94-123

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Tselfatiiformes; Bananogmiiformes; Scombridae; Coryphaenidae; Plethodontidae; Plethodidae;

Genera/Species: Plethodus Dixon, 1850; Plethodus expansus Dixon, 1850; Plethodus oblongus Dixon, 1850; Plethodus pentagon Woodward, 1899; Dixonanogmius oblongus (Dixon, 1850); Pentanogmius pentagon; Tselfatia; Bananogmius; Hyperopisus Gill, 1862; Thryptodus zitteli; Pentanogmius Taverne, 2000, p. 113; Tselfatia dalmatia Bardack and Teller-Marshall, 1980; Chimaera furcata Fritsch, 1978; Bananogmius crieleyi Applegate, 1970;

Formation: Lower Chalk Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Upper Greensand Fm.; Gault Fm.;

Country: Africa; South America; U.K.: England; Italy; North America: USA: Alabama, Kansas;

 

 

Taverne, L. 2001. RŽvision de Niobrara encarsia, tŽlŽostŽen (Osteichthyes, Tselfatiiformes) du CrŽtacŽ supŽrieur marin du Kansas (Etats-Unis). Belg. Jorn. Zool. Vol. 131(1):3-16

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Osteichthyes; Tselfatiiformes;

Genera/Species: Niobrara encarsia

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Taverne, L. 2001. RŽvision de Syntegmadous altus (Teleostei, Tselfatiiformes), poisson marin du CrŽtacŽ SupŽrieur du Kansas (ƒtats-Unis). Cybium. Vol. 25(3):251-260

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Coniacian/Senonian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Tselfatiiformes

Genera/Species: Syntegmadous altus Loomis, 1900;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

Taverne, L. 2004. OstŽologie de Pentanogmius evolutus (Cope, 1877) n. comb. (Teleostei, Tselfatiformes) du CrŽtacŽ supŽrieur marin des ƒtats-Unis. Remarques sur la systŽmatique du genre Pentanogmius Taverne, 2000. Geodiversitas. Vol. 26(1):89-113

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Berycidae; Coryphaenidae Lowe, 1839; Plethodidae Loomis, 1900; Scombridae Rafinesque, 1815; Teleostei; Tselfatiformes Nelson, 1994; Tselfatiidae Arambourg, 1943;

Genera/Species: Ananogmius White & Moy-Thomas, 1940; Anogmius Cope, 1877 (non Cope, 1871); Anogmius evolutus Cope, 1877; Anogmius polymicrodus; Bananogmius Whitley, 1940; Bananogmius crieleyi Applegate, 1970; Bananogmius ellisensis  Fielitz & Shimada, 1999; Bananogmius evolutus (Cope, 1877); Bananogmius favirostris (Cope, 1877); Bananogmius ornatus (Woodward, 1923); Bananogmius polymicrodus (Stewart, 1898); Beryx mulitdentatus Stewart, 1898; Beryx polymicrodus Stewart, 1898; Eoplethodus Taverne, 2000; Luxilites Jordan, 1924; Martinichthys McClung, 1926; Moorevillia Applegate, 1970; Niobrara Jordan, 1924; Osmeroides Agassiz, 1837; Osmeroides evolutus (Cope, 1877); Osmeroides polymicrodus; Paranogmius; Pentanogmius Taverne, 2000; Pentanogmius crieleyi (Applegate, 1970); Pentanogmius evolutus (Cope, 1877); Pentanogmius furcatus (Fritsch, 1878); Pentanogmius pentagon; Plethodus Dixon, 1850; Plethodus pentagon Woodward, 1899; Pseudothryptodus Loomis, 1900; Syntegmodus Loomis, 1900; Thryptodus Loomis, 1900; Zanclities Jordan, 1924;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.; Pierre Shale Fm.;

Country: Egypt; France; USA: Alabama; Kansas; South Dakota;

 

 

Taverne, L.; Filleul, A. 2003. Osteology and relationships of the genus Spaniodon (Teleostei, Salmoniformes) from the Santonian (Upper Cretaceous) of Lebanon. Palaeontology. Vol. 46(5):927-944

MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian/Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Albuliformes Forey, Littlewood, Ritchie, & Meyer, 1996; clupeids; Clupeocephala; Clupeomorpha; Ctenosquamata; elopids; elopomorph; Elopiformes; Esociformes; Halecidae; halecoid; ichthyodectiform; myctophiforms; Osmeroidei; Ostariophysi; Osteoglossamorpha; pachyrhizodontids; Salmonoidei; salmonids; Salmoniformes; Spaniodontidae; Teleostei; Tselfatiformes;

Genera/Species: Clupea lata Agassiz, 1844; Eurypholis; Lewissia ovalis Davis, 1887; Notelops Woodward, 1901; Rhacolepis Agassiz, 1841; Sardinius von der Marck; Spaniodon; Spaniodon blondeli Pictet, 1850; Spaniodon brevis Pictet & Humbert, 1866; Spaniodon electus Davis, 1887; Spaniodon elongatus Pictet, 1850; Spaniodon hakelansis Davis, 1887; Spaniodon latus (Agassiz, 1844); Spaniodon lepturus von der Marck, 1894; Spaniodon simus Cope, 1878; Thrissopater GŸnther, 1872;

Country: Lebanon;

 

 

Teller-Marshall, S.; Bardack, D. 1978. The morphology and relationships of the Cretaceous Teleost Apsopelix. Fieldiana: Geology. Vol. 41(1):1-35

MFNA-CE; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-TU;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Apsopelicidae; Clupeidae; Crossognathidae Patterson & Rosen, 1977; Crossognathiformes; Mugilidae; Pelycorapidae; Percesoces Cope, 1875; Syllaemidae; Teleostei

Genera/Species: Apsopelix Cope, 1871, p. 424; Apsopelix anglicus (Dixon, 1850, p. 375); Apsopelix berycinus (Cope, 1877); Apsopelix sauriformis Cope, 1871, p. 424; Calamopleurus anglicus Woodward, 1888, p. 324; Crossognathus; Helmintholepis Cockerell, 1919, p. 176; Helmintholepis vermiculatus Cockerell, 1919, p. 176; Ichthyodectes ctenodon; Leptichthys Stewart, 1899 (NOT 1890), p. 78; Leptichthys agilis Stewart, 1899, p. 78; Pachyrhizodus varius (Cope, 1877); Paleoclupea Dante, 1942, p. 340; Paleoclupea dakotensis Dante, 1942, p. 340; Pelycorapis Cope, 1877; Pelycorapis berycinus Cope, 1877, p. 587; Pelycorapis varius Cope, 1877; Syllaemus Cope, 1875, p. 180; Syllaemus albiensis Wenz, 1965; Syllaemus anglicus Woodward, 1901, p. 351; Syllaemus hanifi Green, 1957, p. 40; Syllaemus latifrons Cope, 1875, p. 181; Tharsis dubius; Thrissopater varius (Cope, 1877); Xiphactinus audax;

Formation: Benton Fm.; Eagle Ford Fm.; Niobrara Fm.; Greenhorn Fm.; Pierre Shale; Austin Group; Austin Chalk;

Country: France; USA: Colorado; Kansas; South Dakota; Texas; UK: England;

 

 

Tokaryk, T.1987. Saskatchewan's Oldest Fossil Vertebrates. Saskatchewan Archaeology society Newsletter. Vol. 9(5):79

MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Selachian

Genera/Species: Cretolamna; Hyptodus;

Formation: Niobrara Fm.;

Country: Canada: Saskatchewan;

 

 

Wiley, E. O.; Stewart, J. D.1981. Urenchelys abditus, new species, the first undoubted eel (Teleostei: Anguilliformes) from the Cretaceous of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Vol. 1:43-47

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Anguilliformes

Genera/Species: Urenchelyus abditus

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

Country: USA: Kansas

 

 

 

Williston, Samuel Wendall1899. A new genus of fishes from the Niobrara Cretaceous. Kansas University Quarterly. Vol. 8(3, Series A):113-115, with pl. x.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Higher Taxonomic Rank: fishes

Genera/Species: Leptecodon rectus Williston, 1899, 113

Formation: Niobrara Fm.

Country: USA: Kansas;

 

 

Williston, S. W. 1900. Part II. Cretaceous fishes. Selachians and pycnodonts. pp. 235-257. Dercetid¾. pp. 380-382. IN: Williston, S. W. (ed.). The University Geological Survey of Kansas. Vol. 6. Paleontology Part II. Carboniferous and Cretaceous:1-516, with 8 pls. [This is a reprint of ÒSome fish-teeth from the Kansas Cretaceous.Ò]

MFNA-CL-TU; MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CE-WI;

Geologic Age: Jurassic-Jurassic Late (Malm)-Kimmeridgian; Cretaceous; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian/Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Actinopteri; Dercetid¾ Williston; Hemibranchii; Hoplopleurid¾ Pictet & Humbert; Lamnidae; Lepidosteid¾; Myliobatidae; Pycnodontidae; Scyllidae;

Genera/Species: Aspidopleurus Pictet & Humbert; Cantioscyllium Woodward; Chiloscyllium Muller & Henle; CÏlodus brownii Cope, p. 447; CÏlodus stantoni Williston, 1900, p. 255; Corax; Corax affinis; Corax antiquus Desl.; Corax (Galeocerdo) crassidens Cope; Corax curvatus Williston, 1900, p. 253; Corax falcatus Agassiz, p. 226; Corax incisus Egert.; Corax l¾vis Gieb.; Corax lindstromi; Corax pristodontus; Corax pygm¾us Munst.; Crossorhinus Muller & Henle; Dercetis Agassiz; Euryophilus Pictet; Galeocerdo; Galeocerdo falcatus Leidy, p. 301; Ichthyotringa Cope; Ischyrocephalus; Isurus; Isurus mantelli (Geinitz); Isurus mantelli Agassiz; Lamna; Lamna appendiculata Agassiz; Lamna macrorhiza Cope, p. 297; Lamna mudgei Cope, p. 207; Lamna quinquelateralis Cragin, p. 189; Lamna (Odontaspis) raphiodon Agassiz, p. 296; Lamna sulcata Woodward; Lamna texana Roemer, p. 29; Lepidotus; Leptecodon; Leptecodon rectus Williston, p. 113; Leptostyrax Williston, 1900; Leptostyrax bicuspidatus Williston, p. 42; Leptotrachelus Von der Marck; Leptotrachelus longipennis Cope; Macrepistius; Mesodon abrasus Cragin, 1894; Mesodon diastematicus; Mitsukurina Jordan, 1898, p. 234; Odontaspis; Odontaspis kopingensis Davis; Otodus appendiulatus (Roemer); Otodus divaricatus Leidy, p. 305; Otodus sulcatus Geinitz; Oxyrhina extenta Leidy, p. 302; Oxyrhina mantelli (Geinitz); Paleoscyllium Wagner; Pelargorhynchus Von der Marck; Plintophorus  Guenther; Pristiurus Bonaparte; Ptychodus; Ptychodus altior Dixon; Ptychodus anonymus Williston; Ptychodus decurrens Agassiz; Ptychodus janewayii (Cope, 1874, Plate 47); Ptychodus latissimus Agassiz; Ptychodus levis Woodward; Ptychodus mammilaris Agassiz; Ptychodus martoni Williston (sic Williston, 1900, p. 395); Ptychodus mortoni Mantell; Ptychodus martini Williston; Ptychodus mortoni (Mantell); Ptychodus multistriatus Woodward; Ptychodus occidentalis Leidy, 1868, p. 207; Ptychodus papillosus Cope; Ptychodus polygyrus (Buckland); Ptychodus rugosus Dixon; Ptychodus triangularis Reuss; Ptychodus whippleyi Marcou, p. 33; Rhinognathus Davis, p. 480; Saurorhamphus Heckel; Scapanorhynchus Woodward, 1889, p. 351; Scapanorhynchus rhaphiodon (texana) Agassiz, p. 296; Scylliorhinus Blainville; Scylliorhinus (Lamna?) gracilis Williston; Scylliorhinus planidens (Williston); Scylliorhinus rugosum Williston; Scylliorhinus rugosus Williston; Scyllium planidens Williston; Sporetodus janewayii Cope, 1874, Plate 47; Tri¾naspis;

Formation: Rotten Limestone; Niobrara Fm.; Benton Fm.; Greenleaf Sandstone Fm.; Greensand Fm.; Kiowa Shales; Upper and Lower Trinity Sands;

Country: Bavaria; Belgium; Bohemia; France; Lebanon; Molasse; Russia; Saxony; U.K.: England; USA: Alabama; Colorado; Kansas; Mississippi; New Jersey; New Mexico; Texas;

 

 

Wilson, M. V. H. 1978. Upper Cretaceous marine Teleostei from the basal Kanguk Formation, Banks Island, Northwest Territories. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. Vol. 15(11):1799-1807

MFNA-CL-LM; MFNA-CL-KC;

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian

Higher Taxonomic Rank: Alepisauroidea; Elopomorpha; Euteleostei; Ichthyodectidae; Myctophiformes; Osmeroididae; Osteoglossomorpha; Salmoniformes;

Genera/Species: Allothrissops; Apateodus; Cimolichthys; Enchodus; Enchodus lewesiensis; Erichalsis; Gaudryella; Gillicus; Holcolepis; Holcolepis transversus; Humbertia; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope; Ichthyodectes; Ichthyodectes ctenodon Cope; Leptolepides; Osmeroides; Osmeroides latfrons; Osmeroides lewesiensis; Osmeroides transversus (Cockerell, 1919); Tharsis; Xiphactinus;

Formation: Mowry; Aspen Shales; Shaftesbury Formation; Mancos Shale; Niobrara; Pierre Shale; South Platte Formation, Vermillion River Formation; Kanguk Formation; Smoking Hills Formation;

Country: CANADA: Northwest Territories, Manitoba, Banks Island; U.K.: England; USA: Alabama, California, Colorado, Kansas, South Dakota; Wyoming;

 

 

Wilson, M. V. H.; Bruner, J. C. 2004. Mesozoic fish assemblages of North America. pp. 575-595. IN: Arratia, Gloria; Tintori, Andrea (eds.). Mesozoic Fishes 3 Systematics, Paleoenvironments and Biodiversity. Proceedings of the international meeting Serpiano, 2001. Dr. Friedrich Pfeil. MŸnchen, Deutschland. 649 pp.

MFNA; MFNA-T; MFNA-TE-WL; MFNA-TM-WC; MFNA-TL-WI; MFNA-TL-NS; MFNA-J; MFNA-JE-UW; MFNA-JE-WC; MFNA-JM-WI; MFNA-JL-WI; MFNA-C; MFNA-CE; MFNA-CE-WI; MFNA-CE-AC; MFNA-CL; MFNA-CL-LM; MFNA-CL-TU; MFNA-CL-KC; MFNA-CL-GA; MFNA-CL-BP; MFNA-CL-M; MFNA-CL-FL;

Geologic Age: Triassic-Triassic Early; Triassic-Triassic Early(Scythian)-Nammalian; Triassic-Triassic Middle; Triassic-Triassic Middle-Ladinian; Triassic-Triassic Late; Triassic-Triassic Late-Norian; Triassic-Triassic Late-Rhaetian; Jurassic-Jurassic Early; Jurassic-Jurassic Early-Hettangian; Jurassic-Jurassic Early-Toarcian; Jurassic-Jurassic Middle-Toarcian; Jurassic-Jurassic Late; Jurassic-Jurassic Late-Kimmeridgian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Hauterivian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Early-Albian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Cenomanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Turonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Santonian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Campanian; Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late-Maastrichtian;

Higher Taxonomic Rank: actinistians; Actinopterygians; Chondrichthyans; Coelacanths; Cypriniformes; Dercetidae; dipnoans; Hiodontidae; holocephalans; Lungfishes; Percopsidae; rays; Salmonidae; sharks; Siluriformes;

Genera/Species: Acanthichthys; Acidorhynchus; Albertonia; Apateodus; Australosomus; Bananogmius; Belonostomus; Beryx insculptus Cope, 1869; Birgeria; Bobasatrania; Ceratodus; Chandlerichthys; Cimolichthys; Clupavus; Cyclurus; Deltaichthys; Enchodus; Erichalcis Forey, 1975; Hulettia; Ichthyodectes; Ischyriza Leidy, 1856a; Kindleia fragosa; Lissodus; Macropoma; Myledaphus; Osmeroides; Ostariostoma; Platacodon Marsh, 1889; Saurichthys; Saurodon leanus Hays, 1830; Semionotus; Todiltia; Xenyllion; Xiphactinus;

Formation: Aguja Fm.; Austin Chalk; Bearpaw Fm.; Black Creek Fm.; Black River Fm.; Blufftown Fm.; Boyne Member; Budden Canyon Fm.; Bug Creek Anthills; Carlile Shale; Chinle Fm.; Chandler Fm.; Chinle Group; Christopher Fm.; Chugwater Fm.; Cloverly Fm.; Comanche Peak Fm.; Cusseta Fm.; Dakota Fm.; Deerfield Fm.; Demopolis Fm.; Dinosaur Park Fm.; Dockum Group; Dolores Fm.; Eagle Ford Fm.; Eureka Deposits; Eutaw Fm.; Favret Fm.; Feltville Fm.; Ferris Fm.; Fish-Scale Zone; Foremost Fm.; Fruitland Fm.; Gober Chalk Fm.; Greenhorn Fm.; Hay River; Hell Creek Fm.; Hornerstown Fm.; Horseshoe Canyon Fm.; Judith River Fm.; Kangkuk Fm.; Kansas Chalk; Kaskapau Fm.; Kiowa Shale; Lance Fm.; Livingston Fm.; Lockatong Fm.; Lakota Fm.; Loon River Fm.; Lykins Fm.; Mankos Shale; Marlbrook Marl; Marshalltown Fm.; McDougall Point Member; Medicine Bow Fm.; Mesaverde Fm.; Milk River Fm.; Moenavi Fm.; Mooreville Chalk; Mooreville Fm.; Morrison Fm.; Mowry Fm.; Mowry Shale; Navesink Fm.; Newark Supergroup; Niobrara Fm.; Ojinaga Fm.; Oldman Fm.; Paluxy Fm.; Paper Shale; Pecan Gap Chalk Member; Pembina Member; Pierre Shale; Poker Chip Shale; Pony Express Member; Ralston Creek Fm.; Red Shale; Rierdon Fm.; San Carlos Fm.; Selma Fm.; Shaftesbury Fm.; Sharon Springs Member; Shublick Fm.; Smoking Hills Fm.; Smoky Hill Chalk; St. Mary River Fm.; Sulphur Mountain Fm.; Sundance Fm.; Taylor Marl; Tecovas Fm.; Toad Grayling Fm.; Todilto Member; Toreva Fm.; Turner's Falls Sandstone; Vermilion River Fm.; Wanakah Fm.; Wapiti Lake Area; Waterfall Fm.; Watino Fm.; Weber Conglomerates; Wingate Sandstone;

Country: Canada: Alberta; Axel Heiberg Island; Banks Island; British Columbia; Manitoba; Northwest Territories; Nunavut Territory; Saskatchewan; Yukon; Cuba; Greenland; Mexico; USA: Alabama; Alaska; Arizona; California; Colorado; Connecticut; Georgia; Kansas; Maryland; Massachusetts; Minnesota; Mississippi; Montana; Nebraska; Nevada; New Jersey; New Mexico; New York; North Carolina; Oklahoma; Pennsylvania; South Carolina; South Dakota; Texas; Utah; Virginia; Wyoming;

 

 

Woodward, A. S. 1894. 1. A Description of the so-called Salmonoid fishes of the English Chalk. Proc. Zool. Soc. London. Vol. 44:655-664

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Genera/Species: Acrognathus boops Agassiz, 1834-44, p. 108; Aulolepis typus Agassiz, 1834-44, p. 109; Elops; Enchodus; Dercetis; Elopopsis crassus (Dixon, 1850, p. 376); Megalops; Osmeroides; Osmeroides crassus Dixon, 1850, p. 376; Osmeroides lewesiensis (Mantell, 1822, p. 235); Portheus; Protosphyr¾na; Salmo lewesiensis Mantell, 1822, p. 235;

Formation: English Chalk; Chalk of North America; Chalk of Bohemia;

Country: England, U.K.; North America; Germany; Lebanon; Czechoslovakia;

 

 

Woodward, A. S. 1913. On a new specimen of the Cretaceous fish Portheus molossus Cope. Geological Magazine. Vol. 10 Decade 5(594:529-531, pl. xviii.

MFNA-CL-KC

Geologic Age: Cretaceous-Cretaceous Late

Genera/Species: Portheus molossus Cope; Chirocentrites

Formation: Niobrara Chalk

Country: USA: Kansas